Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 2nd Dec'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : December 2nd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Indian Express" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

Barbados, 55 years after its independence, has become a republic

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Repudiation (परित्याग)

  • Pronunciation: ri-pyoo-dee-ey-shun/रिप्यूडीऐशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: rejection of a proposal or idea.
  • Synonyms: renouncement, denial, discarding
  • Antonyms: acknowledgement, approval , acceptance
  • Usage in a Sentence: The production of concrete evidence at court resulted in the repudiation of all the false claims.

2. Word: Realm (विभाग/क्षेत्र)

  • Pronunciation: relm/रेल्म
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a royal domain; kingdom
    b. the region, sphere, or domain within which anything occurs, prevails, or dominates
    c. the special province or field of something or someone
  • Synonyms: domain, province, sphere, world, extent, range
  • Antonyms: infinity
  • Usage in a sentence: Her interests are in the realm of practical politics.

 3. Word: Vestige (निशान)

  • Pronunciation: ves·tige/ वेस्टिज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a trace or remnant of something that is disappearing or no longer exists.
  • Synonyms:  Trace, Remnant
  • Usage in Sentence: He didn’t have even a vestige of hope left after he failed in his last competitive exam.

4. WordFoster (प्रोत्साहन देना)

  • Pronunciationfaw-ster/फ़ॉस्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: encourage the development of (something, especially something desirable).
  • Synonyms: nurture, support
  • Antonyms: neglect, ignore
  • Usage in a Sentence: The leader did his best to foster a sense of solidarity among the new volunteers.

5. Word: Indenture (अनुबंधपत्र)

  • Pronunciation: in-den-cher/इन्डेन्चर
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. (in the past) to officially agree that someone, often a young person, will work for someone else, especially in order to learn a job (Verb)
    b. to bind by indenture, as an apprentice (Verb)
    c. a deed or agreement executed in two or more copies with edges (Noun) correspondingly indented as a means of identification (Noun)
    d. any deed, written contract, or sealed agreement (Noun)
    e. a contract by which a person, as an apprentice, is bound to service (Noun)
    f. any official or formal list, certificate, etc., authenticated for use as a voucher or the like (Noun)
  • Synonyms: contract, indentation, indent, covenant
  • Antonyms: disagreement, protuberance
  • Usage in a sentence: He was indentured to a carpenter.

6. Word: Ravage (तहस-नहस करना)

  • Pronunciation: rav-ij/रैविज
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. to work havoc upon; damage or mar by ravages (Verb)
    b. to work havoc; do ruinous damage (Verb)
    c. devastating or destructive action (Noun)
  • Synonyms: devastate, ruin, destroy
  • Antonyms: protect, aid, preserve
  • Usage in a sentence: The area has been ravaged by the Great War.

7. WordColonial (उपनिवेशक)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-loh-nee-uhl/कलोनीअल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. relating to a colony or colonialism (Adjective)
    b. a person from another country who lives in a colony, especially as part of its system of government (Noun)
  • Synonyms: imperialist, compound, insulated
  • Antonyms: modern, multicultural
  • Usage in a sentence: Turkey was once an important colonial power.

8. Word: Substantial (मजबूत)

  • Pronunciation: सब्स्टैन्शल/Subs-tan-cial
  • Meaning: referring to something that is greater or larger than normal
  • Synonyms: considerable, real, material, weighty,
  • Antonyms:  insubstantial, worthless
  • Usage in a sentence: Known for his substantial efforts in winning, the competitive boy rarely could find someone to play against because the opponent knew he would lose.

9. WordReparation (क्षतिपूर्ति)

  • Pronunciation: rep-uh-rey-shuhn/ रेपरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the action of making amends for a wrong one has done, by providing payment or other assistance to those who have been wronged.
    b. the action of repairing something.
  • Synonyms: redress, compensation, recompense
  • Antonyms: destruction, confiscation
  • Usage in a Sentence: Offenders should be forced to make reparation to the community.

10Word: Disrupt (अस्त-व्यस्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: dis-ruhpt/डिस्रप्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. interrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.
    b. drastically alter or destroy the structure of.
  • Synonyms: distort, damage, buckle, warp
  • Antonyms: organize, arrange, mend
  • Usage in a Sentence: He refused to hear anything that might disrupt his plans.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • repudiation
  • realm
  • vestige
  • foster
  • indenture

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
3substantial imperialist

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep


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