Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 29th March, 2021

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : March 29th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist from BYJU'S Exam Prep is a daily vocabulary exercise that will help enhance your vocabulary skills.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Rights derailed

Important Words from the Article

1. WordDerail (अवपथन)

  • Pronunciation: dee-reyl/डीरेल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: obstruct (a process) by diverting it from its intended course.
  • Synonyms: dissuade, divert
  • Antonyms: assist, encourage, improve
  • Usage in a Sentence: That incident could derail the entire process.

2. Word: Bigotry (कट्टरता)

  • Pronunciationbig-uh-tree/ बिगट्री 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: intolerance towards those who hold different opinions from oneself.
  • Synonyms: intolerance, prejudice, fanaticism, discrimination
  • Antonyms: tolerance, fairness, forbearance, impartiality
  • Usage in a Sentence:  He once called liberalism a form of bigotry, but he did not particularly mind being called a bigot himself.

 3Word: Vigilante (निगरानी समिति सदस्य)

  • Pronunciation: vij-uh-lan-tee
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a member of a self-appointed group of citizens who undertake law enforcement in their community without legal authority, typically because the legal agencies are thought to be inadequate.
  • Synonyms: guard, watchmen, avenger
  • Antonyms: endangerer, assailer, ransomer
  • Usage in a Sentence: The growth of such vigilante gangs has worried community leaders, police and politicians.

4. Word: Heckle (सवालों से बात काटना)

  • Pronunciation: hek-uhl/ हेकल 
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. interrupt (a public speaker) with derisive or aggressive comments or abuse. (Verb)
    b. a heckling comment. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: harass, bother, tease, torment
  • Antonyms: encourage, promote, support
  • Usage in a Sentence: A small group of youths stayed behind to heckle the new student.

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5. Word: Pander (दलाली करना)

  • Pronunciation: pan-der
  • Part of Speech: Verb/Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a person who furnishes clients for a prostitute or supplies persons
    b. a person who caters to or profits from the weaknesses or vices of others
    c. a go-between in amorous intrigues
    d. to act as a pander
  • Synonyms: procure, gratify, indulge, ponce
  • Antonyms: refuse, dissatisfy, refuse
  • Usage in a sentence: But, his films did not follow a template or pander to masses.

6. Word: Paranoia (पागलपन)

  • Pronunciation: par-uh-noi-uh
  • Part of speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a mental condition characterized by delusions of persecution, unwarranted jealousy, or exaggerated self-importance, typically worked into an organized system
  • Synonyms: insanity, mania, irrational suspicion
  • Antonyms: sanity, comprehension, judiciousness
  • Usage in a sentence: Jake kept his money under his mattress because of his paranoia about crooked bankers.

7. Word: Coerce (बलपूर्वक रोकना/मजबूर करना)

  • Pronunciation: koh-urs/कोअर्स
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to persuade someone forcefully to do something that they are unwilling to do
  • Synonyms: force, compel, pressure, push
  • Antonyms: allow, admit, quit, agree
  • Usage in a sentence: The court heard that the six defendants had been coerced into making a confession.

8. Word: Sundry (नानाविध)

  • Pronunciationsuhn-dree/ सन्ड्री
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. of various kinds; several. (Adjective)
    b. various items not important enough to be mentioned individually. (Noun)
  • Synonyms:  various, varied, miscellaneous, assorted, mixed, diverse
  • Antonyms: individual, singular, separate
  • Usage in a sentence: Clearly, these people seek you out for various and sundry reasons.

9. Word: Capitulate (आत्मसमर्पण करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-pich-uh-leyt/कपिचूलिट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: cease to resist an opponent or an unwelcome demand; yield.
  • Synonyms: surrender, give in, yield, defeat
  • Antonyms: conquer, fight, defend
  • Usage in a Sentence: We will never capitulate to pressure from outside.

10. Phrase: Dog whistle (धूर्त संकेत करना)

  • Pronunciation: dawg-hwis-uhl/डॉग-विसल 
  • Part of speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a subtly aimed political message which is intended for, and can only be understood by, a particular demographic group
  • Synonyms: subtext, signal, veiled message
  • Usage in a sentence: Hardcore comedy devotees pick up on the joke like a dog whistle.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • derail
  • bigotry
     
  • vigilante 
     
  • heckle
     
  • pander
Exercise 2: Match the columns.
SR No.WordSynonym
1coercemania
2dog whistlesurrender
3sundrysubtext
4paranoiacompel
5capitulatediverse

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