Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 29 June 2021

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 29th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Caution and optimism: On preventing the third wave

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Convergence (अभिसारिता)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-vur-juhns/कन्वर्जन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the fact that two or more things, ideas, etc. become similar or come together
  • Synonyms: confluence, intersection, overlapping
  • Antonyms: polarisation, divergence, isolation
  • Usage in a sentence: The conference marked the convergence of few of the greatest minds of the twenty-first century. 

2.  Word: Eminence (उच्चस्थल)

  • Pronunciation: em-uh-nuhns/एमनन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the state of being famous, respected, or important
    b. part of an organ in the body, especially a bone, that sticks out
    c. high station, rank, or repute
  • Synonyms: prominence, distinction, excellence, prestige
  • Antonyms: inferiority, valley, flat
  • Usage in a sentence: His eminence as a movie director is commendable.

 3.Word: Uptick (उत्थान)

  • Pronunciation: uhp-tik/ अपटिक 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a small increase or slight upward trend.
  • Synonyms: uptrend, rise, increase, growth, increment, surge
  • Antonyms: downtick, decrement, decline, loss, abatement, decrease
  • Usage in a sentence: Unfortunately, the passage of the law didn’t translate into an uptick of tenants using vouchers in the city,

4. Word: Breakthrough (महत्वपूर्ण खोज)

  • Pronunciation: breyk-throo/ ब्रैक्थ्रू
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a military movement or advance all the way through and beyond an enemy's frontline defense.
    b. an act or instance of removing or surpassing an obstruction or restriction; the overcoming of a stalemate:
  • Synonyms: discovery, find, advance
  • Antonyms: predicament, throwback, deadlock
  • Usage in a sentence: The president reported a breakthrough in the treaty negotiations.

5. Word:  Vex (कष्ट देना)

  • Pronunciation: veks/ वेक्स
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (someone) feel annoyed, frustrated, or worried, especially with trivial matters.
  • Synonyms: annoy, irritate, infuriate, anger, incense, inflame, bother, harass
  • Antonyms: mollify, appease, comfort, soothe
  • Usage in a sentence: Problems at the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services have vexed governors for decades.

6. Word: Rollout (आरम्भ कराना)

  • Pronunciation: rohl-out/रोल आउट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the first public showing of an aircraft.
    b. the introduction or inauguration of a new product or service, as by an advertising campaign, public announcement, or exhibition
  • Synonyms: deploy, launch, distribute
  • Usage in a sentence: Since its rollout in fall of 1999, PayPal has gained millions of members.

7. Word: Sporadic (छिट पुट)

  • Pronunciation: spuh-rad-ik/स्पोरैडिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated.
  • Synonyms: occasional, infrequent, irregular, periodical
  • Antonyms: frequent, constant, ceaseless, seasonal
  • Usage in a Sentence: There were reports of sporadic fighting in the streets.

8. Word: Buffer (प्रतिरोध करना/प्रतिरोधक)

  • Pronunciation: buhf-er/बफर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. an apparatus at the end of a railroad car, railroad track, etc., for absorbing shock during coupling, collisions, etc.(Noun)
    b. any device, material, or apparatus used as a shield, cushion, or bumper, especially on machinery.(Noun)
    c. any intermediate or intervening shield or device reducing the danger of interaction between two machines, chemicals, electronic components, etc.(Noun)
    d. a person or thing that shields and protects against annoyance, harm, hostile forces, etc., or that lessens the impact of a shock or reversal. (Noun)
    e. to cushion, shield, or protect (Verb)
  • Synonyms: cushion, shield, fender
  • Usage in a sentence: I bought a house as a buffer against inflation.

9. Word: Trifecta (तीन चीज़ो को पाना)

  • Pronunciation: trahy-fek-tuh/ट्रिफेक्टा
  • Part of Speech: Noun 
  • Meaning:
    a. a situation in which you achieve three things
  • Synonyms: Trio, triplet
  • Usage in a sentence: In this webcast, the presenters will share the trifecta for effective training: great content, simple technology, and dedicated leadership.

10. Word: Transmissible (संक्रामक)

  • Pronunciation: trans-mis-uh-buhl/ट्रैन्स्मिसबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of diseases, etc., able to be passed from one person or animal to another:
  • Synonyms: communicable, hereditary, genetic
  • Antonyms: non infectious, accidental
  • Usage in a sentence: To start a pandemic, the virus will have to be highly transmissible between humans. 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • trifecta
  • converge
  • transmissible
  • eminent
  • uptick

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 breakthrough  infuriate
2 buffer discovery
3 Sporadic deploy
4 roll out cushion
5 vex occasional

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!

Posted by:

Shruti KapoorShruti KapoorMember since Apr 2020
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Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJun 29, 2021

Daily uptick in corona cases reduces our hope to bring back the normal life. But safety is an eminent priority. Life may be filled with hardships but the convergence of optimitism and the positive vibes are transmitted through many ways to keep life going. We must allow for trifecta to keep ourself free from the unprecedent i.e. social distancing, following the protocols and home isolation.
...Read More
Medha Tyagi
5. vex = infuriate
4. roll out = deploy
3. sporadic = occasional
2. buffer = infuriate
1. breakthrough = discovery

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