Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 28th September 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 28th, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Hold the nose

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Accomplice (सहभागी)

  • Pronunciation: uh-kom-plis/अकाम्प्लिस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning –  a person who helps another commit a crime
  • Synonyms- abetter, accessory, a partner in crime, associate, confederate, collaborator
  • Antonyms-  antagonist, enemy, opponent
  • Usage in a sentence - Because the accomplice was willing to testify against his criminal cohorts, he received immunity from prosecution.

2. Word: Purport (आशय)

  • Pronunciation: per-pawrt/ पर्पोर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. appear to be or do something, especially falsely. (Verb)
    b. the meaning or sense of something, typically a document or speech. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: claim, profess, pretend, gist, intention, purpose
  • Antonyms: abandon, disavow, disclaim, disown
  • Usage in a sentence:
    a. do you purport to spend the rest of your life on that couch, or do you think you might get a job someday? (Verb)
    b. The letter was not read aloud, but all present were informed of its purport. (Noun)

 3Word: Corroborative (परिपोषी)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-rob-er-itibh/कराबरटिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. produced by or involving two or more parties working together
  • Synonyms: confirmatory, confirming, collateral
  • Antonyms: unsupportive, unsupportive
  • Usage in a sentence: The witness corroborated the accused's statement.

4. Word: Exertion (उद्योग)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zur-shuhn/इग्ज़र्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the use of a lot of mental or physical effort
    b. the use of something such as authority, power, influence, etc. in order to make something happen
  • Synonyms: effort, toil, labour
  • Antonyms: laziness, inaction, idleness
  • Usage in a sentence: I get out of breath with any kind of physical exertion.

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5. Word: Defy (विरोध करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-fahy/डिफाइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. openly resist or refuse to obey.
    b. appear to be challenging (someone) to do or prove something.
  • Synonyms: disobey, disregard, challenge, ignore
  • Antonyms: obey, comply, surrender
  • Usage in a Sentence: They believe it is essential to defy convention.

6. Word: Morph (आकार बदलना)

  • Pronunciation: mawrf/ मॉर्फ
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. change smoothly from one image to another by small gradual steps using computer animation techniques. (Verb)
    b. an image that has been morphed. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: shapeshift, transform, alter, distort
  • Usage in a sentence: Using the new software, we morphed a picture of a dog into a picture of a cat.

7. Word:  Cloddish (बेवक़ूफ़)

  • Pronunciation: klod-ish/क्लाडिश
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. foolish, awkward, or clumsy
  • Synonyms: doltish, oafish, boorish
  • Antonyms: agile, statuesque, couth
  • Usage in a sentence: They stood there looking stiff and cloddish.

8. Word: Smear (कलंक)

  • Pronunciation: स्मीर/smeer
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a dirty mark made by spreading a liquid or a thick substance over a surface (noun)
    b. to publicly accuse someone of something unpleasant, unreasonable, or unlikely to be true in order to harm their reputation (verb)
    c. to spread a liquid or a thick substance over a surface (verb)
  • Synonyms: stain, sully, besmirch
  • Antonyms: honor, praise, dignity
  • Usage in a sentence: She decided to sue for libel after the newspaper smeared her private life.

9. Word: Gutless (कायर)

  • Pronunciation: guht-lis/गट्लेस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. showing no courage
  • Synonyms: cowardly, spineless, coward
  • Antonyms: courageous, brave, impactful
  • Usage in a sentence: This government is too gutless to take on the big long-term problems such as pollution.

10. Word: Sordid (गन्दा/मैला)

  • Pronunciation: sawr-did/सोर्डिड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. morally ignoble or base; vile
    b. meanly selfish, self-seeking, or mercenary
    c. dirty or filthy
    d. squalid; wretchedly poor and run-down
  • Synonyms: dirty, base, foul, mean
  • Antonyms: royal, proud, clean
  • Usage in a sentence: There are lots of really sordid apartments in the city's poorer areas.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Corroborative
  • Exertion
  • Defy
  • Morph
  • Cloddish

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 cowardly foul
2 dirty spineless
3 dignity comply
4 surrender oafish
5 doltish honor

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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