Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 27th Sept'21

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 27th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words are given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

Clean the air

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Threshold (सीमा)

  • Pronunciationthresh-ohld
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. a strip of wood or stone forming the bottom of a doorway crossed when entering a house or room.
    b. the magnitude or intensity that must be exceeded for a certain reaction, phenomenon, result, or condition to occur or be manifested.
  • Synonyms: limit, boundary, door, brink, verge
  • Antonyms: end, closure, finish
  • Usage in a sentence: If your income rises above a certain threshold, your tax rate also rises.

2. Word: Holistic (पूर्णतावादी)

  • Pronunciation: hoh-lis-tik/होलिस्टिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. dealing with or treating the whole of something or someone and not just a part
  • Synonyms: comprehensive, integrated, complete, entire
  • Antonyms: incomplete, partial
  • Usage in a sentence: My doctor takes a holistic approach to disease.

 3. Word: Stringent (सख्त)

  • Pronunciationstrin-juh nt/ स्ट्रिन्जन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:  (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting
  • Synonyms: harsh, rigorous, severe
  • Antonyms: tolerant, flexible, lenient
  • Usage in a Sentence: He failed to convene the stringent selection criteria.

4. Word: Yardstick (मानदण्ड)

  • Pronunciation: yaar-d-steek/ यार्ड्स्टिक
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a standard or point of reference against which things may be compared. (Noun)
    evaluate (something) by comparison with a standard. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: standard, benchmark, baseline
  • Usage in a sentence: Her outstanding performances set a new yardstick for singers across the world.

5. Word: Adhoc (तदर्थ)

  • Pronunciation: ad hok
  • Part of Speech: Adjective & Adverb
  • Meaning: created or done for a particular purpose as necessary.
  • Synonyms: impromptu, extempore
  • Antonyms: planned, as expected
  • Use in a Sentence: I am not referring to ad-hoc arrangements.

6. Phrase: Reiterate (दोहराना)

  • Pronunciation: ree-it-uh-reyt/ रीइटरैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
  • Synonyms: repeat, restate, renew
  • Antonyms: conceal, repudiate, contradict
  • Usage in a sentence: We would like to reiterate that a confirmation copy will be coming by mail soon.

7. Phrase: Concerted (अनुकूल)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-sur-tid/ कन्सर्टिड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: jointly arranged or carried out; coordinated.
  • Synonyms: combined, harmonious, conjunctive
  • Antonyms: separate, unilateral
  • Usage in a sentence: There has been a concerted campaign against the proposals.

8. Word: Ambient (परिवेशी, व्यापक)

  • Pronunciation: am-bi-yent/ऐम्बीअन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a.  relating to the immediate surroundings of something.
  • Synonyms: environment, atmosphere, climate
  • Antonyms: distant, stationary 
  • Use in a Sentence: When the baby heard the ambient sound of the waterfall, she quickly fell asleep.

9. Phrase: Detract (घटाना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-trakt/ डिट्रैक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. diminish the worth or value of (a quality or achievement).
    b. cause someone or something to be distracted or diverted from.
  • Synonyms: diminish, disparage, depreciate, belittle
  • Antonyms: enhance, aggrandize, boost
  • Usage in a Sentence: The omission of these chapters will not detract from your general appreciation of homoeopathy.

10Word: Substantive (विशेष्य/ मूलभूत)

  • Pronunciation: suhb-stuh n-tiv/ सब्स्टन्टिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. having a separate and independent existence. (Adjective)
    b. a noun. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: substantial, material, significant, essential
  • Antonyms: worldly, inessential
  • Usage in a sentence: The report concluded that no substantive changes were necessary.

 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Yardstick
  • Threshold
  • Adhoc
  • Substansive
  • Detract

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1diminishseparate
2plannedincomplete
3harshimpromptu
4comprehensivetolerant
5combinedaggrandize

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

write a comment
Sunita Das

Sunita DasSep 27, 2021

Diminish- aggrandize
Planned-impromptu
Harsh- tolerant
Comprehensive- incomplete
Combine - separate
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiSep 27, 2021

Every medicine has its certain threshold target. It may be effective in some cases whereas for other it may not. So the ad hoc usage is strictly forbidden. Always consult medicine specialist before taking any medicines to know the yardstick for the doses. Online content detract viewers with fake information which has no substantive evidences. Such malpratices must die out as it spur many people to have drugs without proper consultation.

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