Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 26 June, 2021

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 26th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

From Natasha Narwal to Disha Ravi and Nodeep Kaur, why state authority fears a new generation of young women

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Painstakingly (कड़ी मेहनत से)

  • Pronunciation: peynz-tey-king/ पैन्स्टैकिंगली
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. taking or characterized by taking pains or trouble; expending or showing diligent care and effort; careful:
    b. careful and diligent effort.
  • Synonyms: fastidiously, exhaustively, thoroughly 
  • Antonyms: carelessly, abnormally, easily
  • Usage in a sentence: It is almost a waste of time to painstakingly learn the routines of selling

2. Word: Sear (झुलसाना)

  • Pronunciation: seer/ सीर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to burn or char the surface of:
    b. to mark with a branding iron.
    c. to burn or scorch injuriously or painfully:
    d. to make callous or unfeeling; harden:
    e. to become dry or withered, as vegetation.
  • Synonyms: burn, char, scorch
  • Antonyms: drench, wet, permeate
  • Usage in a sentence: She seared the steak to seal in the juices.

 3Word: Ostracise (बहिष्कृत करना)

  • Pronunciation: os-truh-sahyz/ आस्ट्रसाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.:
    b. to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
    c. (in ancient Greece) to banish (a citizen) temporarily by popular vote.
  • Synonyms: blackball, banish, shun
  • Antonyms: permit, admit, allow
  • Usage in a sentence: His friends ostracized him after his father's arrest.

4. Word: Vile (नीचतापूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: vahyl/ वाइल
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. morally reprehensible
    b. causing or able to cause nausea
    c. repulsive or disgusting, as to the senses or feelings:
    d. highly offensive, unpleasant, or objectionable:
  • Synonyms: foul, loathsome, despicable
  • Antonyms: beautiful, lovely, gorgeous
  • Usage in a sentence: His vile response to a silly fight turned it into a nasty one. 

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5. Word: Patriarchy (पितृतन्त्र)

  • Pronunciation: pey-tree-ahr-kee/ पैट्रीआर्की
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a form of social organization in which the father is the supreme authority in the family, clan, or tribe and descent is reckoned in the male line, with the children belonging to the father's clan or tribe.
    b. a society, community, or country based on this social organization.
    c. a social system in which power is held by men, through cultural norms and customs that favour men and withhold opportunity from women:
  • Synonyms: patriarchic, male dominance, nobility
  • Antonyms: matriarchy, female empowerment, feminist
  • Usage in a sentence: The corporate glass ceiling is one consequence of patriarchy in education and business.

6. Word: Flimsy (कमज़ोर)

  • Pronunciation: flim-zee/ फ्लिम्ज़ी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. without material strength or solidity:
    b. weak; inadequate; not effective or convincing:
    c. a thin kind of paper, especially for use in making several copies at a time of an article
    d. a copy of a report or dispatch on such paper.
  • Synonyms: fragile, weak, thin
  • Antonyms: strong, sturdy, tough
  • Usage in a sentence: The earthquake damaged the flimsy surface in no time.  

7. Word: Incarceration (कैद)

  • Pronunciation: in-kahr-suh-rey-shuh n/इन्कार्सरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the state of being confined in prison; imprisonment.
  • Synonyms: detention, restraint, punishment, imprisonment
  • Antonyms: freedom, liberty, redemption
  • Usage in a sentence: There have been angry protests about his arrest and incarceration.

8. Word: Unbridled (निरंकुश)

  • Pronunciation: un-brahyd-ld/अन्ब्राइडल्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. to remove the bridle from (a horse, mule, etc.).
    b. to free from restraint.
  • Synonyms: uncontrolled, crazy, unleash, 
  • Antonyms: constrain, enslave, confine
  • Usage in a sentence: As soon as the dam's gates opened, the unbridled water moved the turbine at great speed. 

9. Word: Sedition (राजद्रोह)

  • Pronunciation: si-dish-uhn/ सिडिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.
  • Synonyms: insurrection, mutiny, treason
  • Antonyms: loyalty, allegiance, obedience
  • Usage in a sentence: The leaders of the group have been arrested and charged with sedition.

10. Word: Gall (क्लेश देना)

  • Pronunciation: gawl/ गॉल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties
    b. a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
    c. a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
    d. abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or microorganisms or injury
    e. irritate or vex
  • Synonyms: chafe, bitterness, displease
  • Antonyms: pacify, affection modesty
  • Usage in a sentence: It galls me that we lost the suit

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

  • Painstakingly
  • Searing
  • Ostracise
  • Vile
  • Patriarchy

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1Flimsy Weak 
2Incercerate Unleash 
3Unbridle Imprison 
4Sedition displease 
5Gall Treason 

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go Gradeup!

Posted by:

Shruti KapoorShruti KapoorMember since Apr 2020
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SumanJun 26, 2021

Thanks Shruti🙏🙏🙏
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJun 27, 2021

She lives in a patriarchy society so her ideology is painstakingly regressive and vile for this moment of time. Her steorotypical view has long retarded and seared or ostracized by the progressive mind.  I felt terrible, her words didn't agree with my views at all.
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