Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 25th June, 2021

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 25th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Engage Iran: On U.S. blocking Iran-linked websites

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Hardline (कट्टरपंथ)

  • Pronunciation: härd-ˈlīn/ हार्ड्लाइन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. an uncompromising or unyielding stand, especially in politics.
  • Synonyms: uncompromising, strict, extreme
  • Antonyms: compliant, compromising, lenient
  • Usage in a sentence: The hardliner led the protest even though there was no point in doing that. 

2. Word: Crackdown (कड़ी कार्यवाही करना)

  • Pronunciation: krak-doun/ क्रैक डाउन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. the severe or stern enforcement of regulations, laws, etc., as to root out abuses or correct a problem.
  • Synonyms: repress, curb, suppress
  • Antonyms: relent, slacken, soften
  • Usage in a sentence: The police had no option but to arrest those who opposed the crackdown. 

 3Word: Muzzle (मुँह बाँधना)

  • Pronunciation: muhz-uhl/ 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the mouth, or end for discharge, of the barrel of a gun, pistol, etc.
    b. the projecting part of the head of an animal, including jaws, mouth, and nose.
    c. a device, usually an arrangement of straps or wires, placed over an animal's mouth to prevent the animal from biting, eating, etc.
    d. to put a muzzle on (an animal or its mouth) so as to prevent biting, eating, etc.
    e. to restrain from speech, the expression of opinion, etc.:
  • Synonyms: silence, gag, snout
  • Antonyms: free, liberate, empower
  • Usage in a sentence: The censors muzzled the press.

4. Word: Knee-jerk (बिना सोचे)

  • Pronunciation: nē-ˌjərk/ नी जर्क
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a reflex extension of the leg, caused by contraction of the quadriceps, resulting from a sharp tap on the patellar tendon; patellar reflex.
  • Synonyms: reflex, spontaneous, instinctive
  • Antonyms: conscious, voluntary, learned 
  • Usage in a sentence: The knee-jerk reaction to the policy implementation was quite bizarre. 

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5. Word: Despotic (तानाशाही)

  • Pronunciation: dih-spot-ik / डिस्पाटिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of, relating to, or of the nature of a despot or despotism; autocratic; tyrannical.
  • Synonyms: dictatorial, tyrannical, authcratic 
  • Antonyms: democratic, amenable, charitable
  • Usage in a sentence: In many parts of the world, the despotic rule had been replaced by the people's government.

6. Word: Hitch (अटक कर चलना)

  • Pronunciation: hich/ हिच
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to fasten or tie, especially temporarily, by means of a hook, rope, strap, etc.; tether:
    b. to harness (an animal) to a vehicle (often followed by up).
    c. to stick, as when caught.
    d. to fasten oneself or itself to something (often followed by on).
  • Synonyms: snag, hindrance, impediment
  • Antonyms: clarification, solution, interpretation
  • Usage in a sentence: Steve hitched the horse to one of the posts.

7. Word: Embattle (मोर्चाबंदी करना)

  • Pronunciation: em-bat-l/ एम्बैटल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to arrange in order of battle; prepare for battle; arm.
    b. to fortify (a town, camp, etc.).
  • Synonyms: fortify, battle, entrench 
  • Antonyms: demilitarize, disarm, no-flight
  • Usage in a sentence: The king was embattling for the war before the peace treaty came along.

8. Word: Centrifuge (अपकेंद्रित्र)

  • Pronunciation: sen-truh-fyooj/ सेन्ट्रफ्यूज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. an apparatus that rotates at high speed and by centrifugal force separates substances of different densities, as milk and cream.
  • Synonyms: extractor, separator, whirler
  • Antonyms: unswirl, connector
  • Usage in a sentence: A high-speed centrifuge employed to find out the relation molecular masses of large molecules in high proteins and polymers.

9. Word: Overture (झलकी)

  • Pronunciation: oh-ver-cher/ ओवर्चर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. an opening or initiating move toward negotiations, a new relationship, an agreement, etc.; a formal or informal proposal or offer:
    b. overtures of peace; a shy man who rarely made overtures of friendship.
    c. an introductory part, as of a poem; prelude; prologue.
  • Synonyms: prelude, feeler, advance
  • Antonyms: conclusion, ending, epilogue
  • Usage in a sentence: He is a shy man who rarely makes overtures of friendship.

10. Word: Sprawl (पसर जाना)

  • Pronunciation: sprawl/ स्प्रॉल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to be stretched or spread out in an unnatural or ungraceful manner:
    b. to sit or lie in a relaxed position with the limbs spread out carelessly or ungracefully:
    c. to stretch out (the limbs) as in sprawling.
    d. to spread out or distribute in a straggling manner.
  • Synonyms: straggling, rambling, reclining
  • Antonyms: close, compact, cramped
  • Usage in a sentence: He sprawled across the bed.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

  • Hardline
  • Crack Down
  • Muzzle
  • Knee-jerk
  • Despotic

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1Hitch Unwhirl 
2Embattle Disarm 
3Centrifuge Epilogue 
4Overture Impediment 
5Sprawl Cramped 

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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Posted by:

Shruti KapoorShruti KapoorMember since Apr 2020
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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJun 26, 2021

The despotic rule in North Korea willn't last for long. History has always proved it, the one who muzzle his own people have a horrendous endings. To add on, the hardline imposition would backfire the country's economy itself. Other nations has already put an ample amount of sanctions to crackdown the knee jerking response by an unpredictable tyranny.
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