Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 23rd Sept'21

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 23rd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Junior council: On BJP building of new leadership in Gujarat

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Sovereign (महाराज)

  • Pronunciation: sov-rin/ साव्रिन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a monarch; a king, queen, or other supreme ruler.
    b. a person who has supreme power or authority.
    c. belonging to or characteristic of a sovereign or sovereign authority; royal.
    d. having supreme rank, power, or authority.
  • Synonyms: supreme, emperor, chief
  • Antonyms: subservient, servant, conquered 
  • Usage in a sentence: The sovereign state of Kashmir was ruled by a king during the independence struggle. 

2. Word: Crude (अशिष्ट/असंस्कृत)

  • Pronunciation: krood/क्रूड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. in a raw or unprepared state; unrefined or natural (Adjective)
    b. lacking in intellectual subtlety, etc.; rudimentary; undeveloped (Adjective)
    c. lacking finish, polish, or completeness (Adjective)
    d. lacking culture, refinement, tact, etc. (Adjective)
    e. undisguised; blunt (Adjective)
    f. Crude oil (Noun)
  • Synonyms: coarse, rude, rough, vulgar
  • Antonyms: classy, refined, decent
  • Usage in a sentence: They constructed a crude shelter from branches.

 3. Word: Incumbent (अवलंबी)

  • Pronunciation: in-kuhm-buh nt/ इन्कम्बन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility. [Adjective]
    b. the holder of an office or post. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: necessary, tenured, compulsory, officeholder
  • Antonyms: optional, unnecessary
  • Usage in a sentence: It is incumbent upon all users of this equipment to familiarize themselves with the safety procedure.

4. WordAloof (विलग)

  • Pronunciationuh-loof/ अलूफ
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant. b. conspicuously uninvolved. 
  • Synonyms: cold, detached, unfriendly, reserved, distant, indifferent
  • Antonyms: social, warm, affectionate
  • Usage in a Sentence: They tried to keep aloof from the politics of the day.

5. Word: Heavyweight (प्रभावी व्यक्ति)

  • Pronunciation: hey-vee-wet/ हेवीवेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person of exceptional importance and reputation
  • Synonyms: giant, colossus
  • Antonyms: diminutive, dwarf, weakling 
  • Usage in a sentence: Her extraordinary intelligence and speaking ability made her a political heavyweight.

6. Phrase: Ease off (कम होना)

  • Pronunciation: eez-uph
  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to gradually stop or become less
  • Synonyms: ease up, let up, chill out
  • Antonyms: get angry, be furious
  • Usage in a sentence: At last the rain began to ease off.

7. PhraseInduct (नियुक्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-duhkt/ इन्डक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. admit (someone) formally to a post or organization.
    b. introduce someone to (a difficult or obscure subject).
  • Synonyms: install, introduce, enlist, instate, induce
  • Antonyms: reject, expel, uninstall
  • Usage in a sentence: He was formally inducted into the office of governor.

8. WordFormidable (भयानक,डरावना)

  • Pronunciationfawr-mi-duh-buh l/ फॉर्मिडबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
  • Synonyms: terrific, tremendous, colossal
  • Antonyms: feeble, easy, friendly
  • Usage in a Sentence: They had to overcome formidable obstacles.

9. WordHegemony (आधिपत्य)

  • Pronunciation: hej-uh-mon-e/ हीजेमनी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: ruling or dominant in a political or social context.
  • Synonyms: dominant, authoritative, foremost
  • Antonyms: minor, dependent
  • Usage in a Sentence: The three nations competed for regional hegemony.

10Word: Cadence (स्वरसंक्रम)

  • Pronunciation: keyd-ns/कैडन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the regular rise and fall of the voice
    b. a set of chords (= different notes played together) at the end of a piece of music
    c. the flow or rhythm of events, especially the pattern in which something is experienced
  • Synonyms: rhythm, measure, beat, tempo
  • Antonyms: silence
  • Usage in a sentence: She spoke in the lyrical cadence of her East African accent.

 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Incumbent
  • Ease off
  • Formidable
  • Heavyweight
  • Cadence 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1dominantcolossus
2necessaryunfriendly
3coarsecompulsory
4detachedrough
5giantauthoritative

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

write a comment
Richa Tomar

Richa TomarSep 23, 2021

Dominant=authoritative
Necessary=compulsory
Coarse=rough
Detached=unfriendly
Giant=colossus
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiSep 23, 2021

The incumbent chairman planned to ease off the burden on the employees by throwing a party in his residence. "There will be dance, music and singing", exclaimed the chairman with his cadence tone. Company had to go through formidable obstacles for which everybody worked hard, reel themselves under the heavy weight of responsibilities, so light refreshment was required to push them from dying back.

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