Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 23rd June, 2021

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 23rd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

fallout
averred
impoverish
spell out
raft of something
ameliorate
assert
intervention
tie in knots
deploy

A time to give: On ex-gratia compensation to families of COVID-19 victims

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Fallout (नतीजा)

  • Pronunciation: fawl-out/फॉलाउट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the settling to the ground of airborne particles ejected into the atmosphere from the earth by explosions, eruptions, forest fires, etc., especially such settling from nuclear explosions (radioactive fallout )
    b. the particles themselves. Compare rainout
    c. an unexpected or incidental effect, outcome, or product
    d. effects; results
  • Synonyms: effect, impact, repercussions
  • Antonyms: cause, reason
  • Usage in a sentence: A number of cancer deaths are caused by fallout from weapons testing.

2. Word: Impoverish (गरीब करना)

  • Pronunciation: im-pov-er-ish/ इम्पाव्रिश
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to reduce to poverty:
    b. to make poor in quality, productiveness, etc.; exhaust the strength or richness of:
  • Synonyms: bankrupt, ruin, deplete
  • Antonyms: enrich, empower, adorn
  • Usage in a sentence: Bad farming practices impoverished the soil.

 3Word: Ameliorate (सुधरना)

  • Pronunciationuh-meel-yuh-reyt
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.
  • Synonyms: improve, better, alleviate, enhance
  • Antonyms: aggravate, deteriorate, exacerbate, worsen
  • Usage in a Sentence: This medicine should help ameliorate the pain.

4. Word: Assert (द्दढ़तापूर्वक करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-surt/असर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to behave in a way that expresses your confidence, importance, or power and earns you respect from others
    b. to say that something is certainly true
    c. to do something to show that you have power
    d. to maintain or defend
  • Synonyms: Affirm, declare, claim, state, maintain
  • Antonyms: deny, reject, abandon
  • Usage in a sentence: I really must assert myself more in meetings.

5. Word: Intervention (हस्तक्षेप)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-ven-shuh n/ इन्टर्वेन्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action or process of intervening
  • Synonyms: interference, mediation, intrusion
  • Antonyms: noninterference, nonintervention, challenge
  • Usage in a Sentence: We would resist any armed intervention from outside in our country's affairs.

6. Word: Deploy (असरदार तरीके से इस्तेमाल करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-ploi / डिप्लॉइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. move (troops or equipment) into position for military action.
    b. bring into effective action.
  • Synonyms: install, utilize, employ
  • Antonyms: uninstall, withdraw
  • Usage in a sentence: The decision has been made to deploy extra troops.

7. Phrase: Raft of Something (अनेकता)

  • Pronunciation: rahft-awf-sum-thing/राफ्ट ऑफ़ समथिंग 
  • Meaning:
    a. a very large number of people or things
  • Synonyms: stack, pile, heap
  • Antonyms: dearth, glimmer, grain
  • Usage in a sentence: A whole raft of strategies were suggested in the report.

8. Phrase: Spell out (बताना)

  • Pronunciation: spell-aoot/स्पेल आउट
  • Meaning:
    a. to explain something in a very clear way with details
  • Synonyms: explain, expound, interpret
  • Usage in a sentence: The government has so far refused to spell out its plans/policies.

9. Phrase: Tie in knots (किसी को असमंजस में डालना )

  • Pronunciation: to-tie-sum-one/टाई इन कनोट्स 
  • Meaning:
    a. to confuse someone and make them unable to explain something clearly
  • Synonyms: confound, bewilder, baffle
  • Antonyms: clarify, explain, interpret
  • Usage in a sentence: The Director of Studies tied me up in knots by asking tricky questions.

10. Word: Aver (प्रमाणित करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-vur/ऐवर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to say that something is certainly true
  • Synonyms: assert, affirm, declare
  • Antonyms: refute, deny, contradict
  • Usage in a sentence: The lawyer averred her client's innocence.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • fallout
  • averred
  • impoverish
  • spell out
  • raft of something

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 ameliorate intrusion
2 deploy alleviate
3 tie in knots affirm
4 intervention utilize
5 assert confound

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go Gradeup!

Posted by:

Shruti KapoorShruti KapoorMember since Apr 2020
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Comments

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Mohd Dilshad

Mohd DilshadJun 23, 2021

Can you pls make a video ?
Akanksha Gupta
Plz suggest book for english
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJun 23, 2021

The housing societies came up with an improvised plan to save water. There were many fallouts in the previous one. Even if it was guaranteed as cost friendly, it's maintenance was way too impoverishing. To act out the new mandate, they called on the raft of society members and spelled out the new implementations on the later one. They averred its installation is costly but the maintainace part is fully cost effective and lucrative.
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