Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 23rd July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 23rd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Water as woe: On Mumbai’s annual mayhem

Important Words from the Article

1. WordDeluge (डुबोना)

  • Pronunciation: del-yooj/डेल्यूज
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a great flood of water; inundation; flood (Noun)
    b. a drenching rain; downpour (Noun)
    c. anything that overwhelms like a flood (Noun)
    d. to flood; inundate (Verb)
  • Synonyms: flood, inundate, swamp, submerge
  • Antonyms: drought, drizzle, trickle
  • Usage in a sentence:  This little stream can become a deluge when it rains heavily.

2. Word: Inadequacy (अपर्याप्तता)

  • Pronunciation: in-ad-i-kwuh-see/ इनैडिक्वसी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the state or quality of being inadequate
    b. inability to deal with a situation or with life
  • Synonyms: incompetence, insufficiency
  • Antonyms: skill set, plethora, adequacy
  • Usage in a Sentence: Unemployment can cause feelings of inadequacy and low self-esteem.

 3Word: Surpass (बढ़ जाना)

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: exceeded; be greater than / be better than.
  • Pronunciation: सर-पास/shar pass
  • Synonyms: exceed, excel, transcend, outpaced
  • Antonyms: fail, emanate, expose, lose
  • Usage in a Sentence: Since I am practising harder, I know this time I will surpass my last year’s exam score.

4. Word: Downpour (महावृष्टि)

  • Pronunciation: doun-pawr/डाउन्पोर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a heavy fall of rain.
  • Synonyms:  rainstorm, cloudburst
  • Antonyms: drizzle, drought
  • Usage in a Sentence: It was the heaviest downpour ever recorded.

5. Word: Submerge (जलमग्न)

  • Pronunciation: सब्मर्ज/suhb-murj
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning -  to sink out of sight
  • Synonyms -  sunken, drowned
  • Antonyms -  afloat, surfaced
  • Usage in a sentence-To test how long he could go without breathing, the little boy decided to submerge his head into a bucket full of water.

6. Word: Mayhem (हलचल)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: violent or extreme disorder; chaos.
  • Pronunciationmey-hem/ मैहेम
  • Synonyms: chaos, disorder, commotion
  • Antonyms: calm, harmony, discipline
  • Use in a Sentence: There was complete mayhem after the explosion.

7. Word: Breach (उल्लंघन)

  • Pronunciation: breech/ब्रीच
  • Part of Speech: Noun/Verb
  • Meaning:  
    a. an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct. [Noun]
    b. make a gap in and breakthrough (a wall, barrier, or defence). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: break, violation, separation
  • Antonyms: comply, fulfill
  • Usage in a Sentence: We do not have any breach of discipline.

8. Word: Turmoil (खलबली)

  • Pronunciation: tur-moil/टर्मॉइल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.      
  • Synonyms: disorder, clutter, chaos, mess
  • Antonyms: calm, peace, structure
  • Use in a Sentence: His mind was in a state of constant turmoil.

9. Word: Amorphous (अव्यवस्थित)

  • Part of Speech
  • Pronunciation: uh-mawr-fuh s/अमॉर्फस
  • Meaning: 
    a. without a clearly defined shape or form.
    b. lacking a clear structure or focus
  • Synonyms: unstructured, vague
  • Antonyms: distinct, expert
  • Use in a Sentence: Sometimes, we can't understand their amorphous ideas.


10. Word: Exacerbate (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zas-er-beyt/इग्ज़ैसर्बेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of (disease, ill feeling, etc.)
    b. to embitter the feelings of (a person); irritate; exasperate
  • Synonyms: aggravate,worsen,intensify,increase
  • Antonyms: improve, soothe, alleviate, ease
  • Usage in a sentence: This attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Amorphous
  • Breach
  • Turmoil
  • Mayhem
  • Exacerbate

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 improve worsen
2 aggravate annoy
3 disorder ease
4 inundate clutter
5 harass flood

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!


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