Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 22nd Oct'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : October 22nd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

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Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Assuage  (शांत करना) 

  • Pronunciation: as-suage/अस्वेज 
  • Part of speech: noun 
  • Meaning: to provide relief; causing to feel better
  • Synonyms: relieve, ease, alleviate, soothe, mitigate
  • Antonyms: intensify, aggravate, agitate
  • Usage in a sentence: In an effort to assuage angry customers, the store issued everyone a full refund.

2. Word: Compliant (आज्ञाकारी)

  • Pronunciation: kuh m-plahy-uh nt/ कम्प्लाइअन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: disposed to agree with others or obey rules, especially to an excessive degree; acquiescent.
  • Synonyms: pliant, amenable, obedient
  • Antonyms: stubborn, adamant
  • Usage in a sentence: Patients who are less compliant may be forced to take medication against their will.

 3. Word: Uproar (कोलाहल)

  • Pronunciation: uhp-rawr/अप्रोर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a situation in which a lot of people complain about something angrily or make a lot of noise
    b. loud complaints esp. by angry people, or a noisy state of confusion
  • Synonyms: commotion, disturbance, tumult, violence
  • Antonyms: peace, calm, tranquility
  • Usage in a sentence: The book caused an uproar in France.

4. WordPrevalence (प्रचलन)

  • Pronunciation: prev-uh-luh ns/प्रेवलन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the fact that something is very common or happens often
  • Synonyms: incidence, occurrence, paramountcy
  • Usage in a sentence: They noted the prevalence of this attitude among leading financial experts.

5. Word: Apex (चोटी)

  • Pronunciation: ey-peks/ एपेक्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the top or highest part of something, especially one forming a point.
  • Synonyms: peak, acme, zenith
  • Antonyms: nadir, bottom, base
  • Usage in a sentence: He was at the apex of his career when he had the paralytic stroke.

6. Word: Mandate (आदेश देना)

  • Pronunciationman-deyt/मैन्डेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. an official order or commission to do something. [Noun]
    b. give (someone) authority to act in a certain way. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: order, command, instruction
  • Antonyms: prohibit, abolish, denial
  • Usage in a Sentence: The organization was given a mandate to reserve vacancies for ex-servicemen.

7. WordSegregate (अलग करना)

  • Pronunciation: seg-ri-geyt/ सेग्रगेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: set apart from the rest or from each other; isolate or divide.
  • Synonyms: separate, isolate, dissociate
  • Antonyms: integrate, unite, combine
  • Usage in a sentence: Schools should not segregate children with disabilities.

8. Word: Trigger (झट प्रतिक्रिया/सक्रिय करना)

  • Pronunciation: trig-er/ट्रिगर
  • Part of speech: Noun/Verb
  • Meaning: a small device that releases a spring or catch and so sets off a mechanism, especially in order to fire a gun (Noun)
    cause (a device) to function (Verb)
  • Synonyms: activate, set off
  • Antonyms: destroy, end 
  • Usage in a sentence: Do not let your depressive emotions trigger a craving for food when you are not hungry.

9. WordCasualty (आपद)

  • Pronunciationkazh-oo-uh l-tee/ कैश़ूअल्टी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. a person killed or injured in a war or accident.
    b. a person or thing badly affected by an event or situation.
  • Synonyms: victim, disaster, mishap, calamity, injured
  • Antonyms: survivor, salvage, strengthen 
  • Usage in a sentence: The real casualties in the war against drugs are millions of innocent children. 

10Word: Emerge (निकलना, उभर कर आना)

  • Pronunciation: ih-murj/इमर्ज 
  • Part of Speech:  Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. move out of or away from something and become visible.
    b. become apparent or prominent.
  • Synonyms: come out, appear
  • Antonyms: disappear, fade
  • Usage in a Sentence: On the contrary the Government will emerge from this crucible of fire even stronger. 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • assuage
  • compliant
  • uproar 
  • prevalence
  • apex 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1mandateactivate
2segregatevictim
3triggerappear
4casualtyisolate
5emergeinstruction

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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