Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 21st Oct'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : October 21st, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Trouble in Bangladesh: On attacks against Hindus

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Partisan (कट्टर)

  • Pronunciation: pahr-tuh-zuhn/पार्टिज़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person. [Noun]
    b. prejudiced in favour of a particular cause. [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: supporter, biased
  • Antonyms: opponent, unbiased
  • Usage in a Sentence: You must listen to both points of view and try not to be partisan.

2. Word: Condemn (दंडनीय घोषित करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-dem/ कन्डेम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. express complete disapproval of; censure.
    b. sentence (someone) to a particular punishment, especially death.
  • Synonyms: denounce, blame, criticize
  • Antonyms: approve, pardon, absolve
  • Usage in a sentence: Politicians were quick to condemn the bombing.

 3. Word: Conspiracy (साजिश)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Pronunciation: kuhn-spir-uh-see/ कन्स्पिरसी
  • Meaning: a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful
  • Synonyms: plot, scheme
  • Antonyms: loyalty, honesty
  • Usage in a sentence: The three men are accused of the conspiracy to blow off the parliament.

4. WordAllege (निश्चयपूर्वक वर्णन करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-lej/ अलेज
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: claim or assert that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically without proof.
  • Synonyms: assert, say, affirm, maintain, cite
  • Antonyms: contradict, disagree, deny
  • Usage in a Sentence: The report does not allege that evidence had been manipulated to benefit prosecutors, the official said.

5. Word: Allude (प्रसंगवश उल्लेख करना)

  • Pronunciationuh-lood/ अलूड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. suggest or call attention to indirectly; hint at.
    b. mention without discussing at length.
    c. (of an artist or a work of art) recall (an earlier work or style) in such a way as to suggest a relationship with it.
  • Synonyms: refer, hint, suggest, imply, indicate
  • Antonyms: reveal, divulge, disseminate
  • Usage in a Sentence: You mustn't allude to his baby's death when you meet John.

6. Word: Intervene (हस्तक्षेप करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-veen/ इन्टर्वीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. take part in something so as to prevent or alter a result or course of events.
    b. occur in the time between events.
  • Synonyms: interfere, interpose, intercede, meddle
  • Antonyms: ignore, disregard, leave, avoid
  • Usage in a Sentence: The prisoner asked me to intervene with the authorities on his behalf.

7. Word: Interference (हस्तक्षेप)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-feer-uh ns/ इन्टर्फिरन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of interfering or the process of being interfered with.
  • Synonyms: disturbance, hindrance, intervention, impediment
  • Antonyms: aid, help, support
  • Usage in a Sentence: The USA will not tolerate any external interference in its domestic affairs.

8. Word: Plight (हालत/प्रतिज्ञा)

  • Pronunciation: plahyt/प्लाइट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a condition, state, or situation, especially an unfavorable or unfortunate one
  • Synonyms: predicament, quandary, difficulty
  • Antonyms: good fortune, solution, advantage
  • Usage in a sentence: Few of us can be unmoved by the plight of the refugees.

9. WordStabilise (स्थायीकरण)

  • Pronunciation: stey-buh-lahyz/ स्टेबलाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make or become unlikely to change, fail, or decline
  • Synonyms: steadying, rest, calm, balance
  • Antonyms: destabilize, work
  • Usage in a Sentence: With the economy stabilising, receipts should also stabilise soon

10Word: Instigate (भड़काना)

  • Pronunciation: insti-gate/इन्स्टगैट
  • Part of speech: Verb
  • Meaning: to trigger something
  • Synonyms: set in motion, put in motion, start, begin, initiate,
  • Antonyms: halt, stop, calm, discourage
  • Usage in a sentence: Hopefully, the red band campaign will instigate a greater awareness of cancer prevention.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • partisan
  • condemn
  • conspiracy
  • allege
  • allude

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1interveneset in motion
2interferencehindrance
3destabiliserest
4instigatepredicament
5plightinterpose

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiOct 21, 2021

Its sad to see people killing each other in the name of religion whereas the biggest irony being, the foundation of every religion starts with humanity. Everyone place their beliefs in the apex, but in the verge of doing that, they often condemn, humiliate and conspire other's. They become partisan supporter of their faiths. We should learn from the past. It alludes blatant killing instigate vengeful activities and it's no good to anyone. Many alleged fanatics as intolerant but they turn out as fanatics themselves in many ways. The one, above jaw away the talkings and the one, below suffers.

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