Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 21st July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 21st, 2021

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Indian Express" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words are given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

In the house

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Abound (विपुल)

  • Pronunciationuh-bound/अबाउन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. exist in large numbers or amounts
  • Synonyms: bristle, burst, swarm
  • Antonyms: lack, fail, deficient, short
  • Usage in a sentence: This area abounds with caravan sites

2. Word: Amid (मध्य में)

  • Part of Speech: Proposition
  • Meaning:

       a. surrounded by; in the middle of.

       b. in an atmosphere or against a background of.

  • Pronunciation: uh-mid/अमिड
  • Synonyms: between, in the midst of 
  • Antonyms: away from, notwithstanding
  • Use in a Sentence: He sat down amid stunning applause. 

 3Word: Backdrop (पृष्ठभूमि)

  • Pronunciationbak-drop/ बैक्ड्राप 
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. a painted cloth hung at the back of a theatre stage as part of the scenery. ( Noun)
    b. lie behind or beyond; serve as a background to. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: background, setting, scenery, context
  • Antonyms: foreground, forefront
  • Usage in a Sentence:  The mountains provided a perfect backdrop for the wedding photos.

4. Word: Convene (आयोजन करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-veen/कन्वीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to come together or assemble, usually for some public purpose
    b. to cause to assemble; convoke
    c. to summon to appear, as before a judicial officer
  • Synonyms: assemble, gather, muster, collect
  • Antonyms: adjourn, disperse, cancel, dismiss
  • Usage in a sentence: The council will be convening on the morning of the 25th.

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5. Word: Jostle (ढकेलना)

  • Pronunciationjos-uh l/ जासल
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. push, elbow, or bump against (someone) roughly, typically in a crowd. (Verb)
    b. struggle or compete forcefully for. (Verb)
    c. the action of jostling. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: shove, push, thrust, jolt, nudge
  • Antonyms: pull, ignore
  • Usage in a sentence: Everyone glared at the man who jostled to the front of the line.

6. Word: Scrutinise (बारीकी से देखना)

  • Pronunciationskroot-n-ahyz/ स्क्रूटनाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: examine or inspect closely and thoroughly.
  • Synonyms: examine, investigate, inspect
  • Antonyms: ignore, neglect, reject, overlook
  • Usage in a sentence: When you have completed the whole exercise, scrutinise it and pay particular attention to your adjectives.

7. Word: Finicky (मुश्किल से खुश होने वाला)

  • Pronunciationfin-i-kee/ फिनकी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. (of a person) fussy about their needs or requirements.
    b. showing or requiring great attention to detail.
  • Synonyms: fussy, fastidious, meticulous, scrupulous
  • Antonyms: easy, open, uncritical, relaxed
  • Usage in a Sentence: My teacher is finicky about grammar.

8. Word: Fritter (व्यर्थ नष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: frit-er/फ्रिटर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to squander or disperse piecemeal; waste little by little (usually followed by away):
    b. to break or tear into small pieces or shreds.
  • Synonyms: dissipate, squander, waster
  • Antonyms: hold, conserve, aggregate
  • Usage in a sentence: The team frittered the chance of strengthening its revenue system by adopting to new technologies.

9. Word: Lull (शांत करना)

  • Pronunciation: luhl/लल
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. to put to sleep or rest by soothing means (Verb)
    b. to soothe or quiet (Verb)
    c. to give or lead to feel a false sense of safety; cause to be less alert, aware, or watchful (Verb)
    d. to quiet down, let up, or subside (Verb)
    e. a temporary calm, quiet, or stillness (Noun)
    f. a soothing sound (Noun)
  • Synonyms: becalm, calm, compose, lullaby, quiet
  • Antonyms: agitate, discompose, disquiet, disturb
  • Usage in a sentence: The absence of attacks for such an extended period had lulled the nation into a false sense of security.

10. Word: Succumb (अधीन होना)

  • Pronunciation: suh-kuhm/सकम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:

       a. fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.

       b. die from the effect of a disease or injury.

  • Synonyms: capitulate, yield
  • Antonyms: conquer, endure
  • Use in a Sentence: We may succumb to praise because it makes us feel good.

Writer's Corner

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • succumb
  • amid
  • backdrop
  • convene
  • jostle

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go Gradeup!

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Mouli Budumuru
Calm = Compose
Fussy = Fastidious
Assemble = Gather
Bristle = Burst
Mouli Budumuru
The One who convenes village members, jostling each and every villager against landlords,abandon the villagers amid the envisaged problems.The Backdrop of the Movement was due to the landlords coercively taken their lands which succumb to the suicide of the poor.
...Read More
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJul 22, 2021

The yesterday's conference convene a very noble idea of waste management. Amid the rising population, rampant wastes products succumb to squalid waste disposal that jostle the sustainability goals. Backing up the process of clean and proper waste management in the backdrop of sustainable management goals should be the target for the future prospect.
...Read More

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOSBI CBO

PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOSBI CBO

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