Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 20th Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 20th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

End the blame game: On Delhi’s pollution crisis

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Concerted (अनुकूल)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-sur-tid/ कन्सर्टिड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: jointly arranged or carried out; coordinated.
  • Synonyms: combined, harmonious, conjunctive
  • Antonyms: separate, unilateral
  • Usage in a sentence: There has been a concerted campaign against the proposals.

2. Word: Advent (आगमन) 

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the arrival of a notable person or thing 
  • Pronunciation: ऐड्वेन्ट (ad-vent)
  • Synonyms: Coming, Arrival, Emergence
  • Antonyms: Leave, Departure, Exit
  • Use in a Sentence: The advent of the steam engine brought about a transformation in the outlook towards transportation. 

 3. Word: Retreat (निर्णय बदलना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-treet/रीट्रीट
  • Part of Speech: Verb/Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. an act of changing one's mind or plans as a result of criticism or difficulty. [Noun]
    b. (of an army) withdraw from enemy forces as a result of their superior power or after a defeat. [verb]
    c. withdraw to a quiet or secluded place. [verb]
  • Synonyms: recede, depart
  • Antonyms: remain, progression
  • Usage in a Sentence: The man made a tactful retreat before they started arguing.

4. Word: Hitherto (अब तक)

  • Pronunciationhith -er-too/हिदर्टू
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: until now or until the point in time under discussion.
  • Synonyms: yet, so far, till date
  • Antonyms: currently, instantly, recently
  • Usage in a Sentence: All attempts to make hydrogen enter into stable chemical union have hitherto proved unsuccessful.

5. Word: Coincide (एक ही समय में होना)

  • Pronunciation: koh-in-sahyd/ कोइन्साइड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to occupy the same place in space, the same point or period in time, or the same relative position:
    b. to correspond exactly, as in nature, character, etc.:
    c. to agree or concur, as in thought or opinion:
  • Synonyms: concur, correspond, tally 
  •  Antonyms: disagree, diverge, clash 
  • Usage in a sentence: The centres of concentric circles coincide.

6. Word: Noxious (हानिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: nok-shuhs/नाक्शस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant.
  • Synonyms: pernicious, toxic, baneful
  • Antonyms: salubrious, curative, healthy
  • Usage in a Sentence: We must trace the source of these noxious gases.

7. WordStubble (चारा)

  • Pronunciationstuhb-uhl/स्टबल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the cut stalks of cereal plants left sticking out of the ground after the grain is harvested
  • Synonyms: stalks, straw
  • Usage in a sentence: He was crossing a field filled with stubble.

8. Word: Spike (भेदना)

  • Pronunciation: spahyk/ स्पाइक
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a thin, pointed piece of metal, wood, or another rigid material. [Noun]
    b. impale on or pierce with a sharp point. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: spear, pin, impale, fasten
  • Antonyms: detach, release, unfasten, loosen
  • Usage in a Sentence: The murder weapon was a frozen spike and it melted in the steam room.

9. Word: Harried (परेशान)

  • Pronunciationhar-eed/हेरीड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. feeling strained as a result of having demands persistently made on one
  • Synonyms: annoyed, harassed, vexed
  • Antonyms: calm, untroubled
  • Usage in a sentence: He spent the day feeling harried and unproductive.

10Word: Dispensation (वितरण)

  • Pronunciation: dis-puh n-sey-shuh-n
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
    b. a political, religious, or social system prevailing at a particular time.
  • Synonyms: liberty, distribution
  • Antonyms: denial, limitation
  • Usage in Sentence: They saw signs of new dispensation everywhere.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • concerted
     
  • advent 
     
  • retreat
     
  • hitherto 
     
  • coincide

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1noxiousspear
2stubbleharassed
3harriedstalk
4spikedistribution
5dispensationpernicious

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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