Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 1st Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 1st, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last couple of years, the English section of the competitive exams has given good surprises. You must have encountered one or more new types of questions in almost every exam you appear for. Many of these questions exclusively check your vocabulary skills. So, apart from enhancing your reading, writing and speaking skills, a sound grip on vocabulary helps you score better in examinations. 

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words which you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring to you the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfil your daily intake of English words. The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Silly point: On linking cricket to patriotism

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Imputation (आरोपण)

  • Pronunciation: im-pyoo-tey-shuh n/ इम्प्यटैशन 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a charge or claim that someone has done something undesirable; an accusation.
  • Synonyms: allegation, charge, accusation, indictment, blame
  • Antonyms: credit, defense, confession, advocacy
  • Usage in a sentence: I resent the imputation that I'm nice to Grandmother because she has money.

2. Word: Assertion (निश्चित वाक्य)

  • Pronunciationuh-sur-shuh n/असर्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
  • Synonyms: statement, declaration, dictum
  • Antonyms: negation, denial, uncertainty
  • Usage in a Sentence: She made an assertion that she was fully responsible for the problem.

 3. Word: Prejudicial (हानिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: prej-uh-dish-uh l/प्रेजुडिशल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: harmful to someone or something; detrimental.
  • Synonyms: damaging, injurious, harmful, disadvantageous
  • Antonyms: convenient, harmless, good, benign
  • Usage in a sentence: The all-white jury clearly passed a prejudicial judgement.

4. WordBear the brunt of (खामियाजा उठाना)

  • Part of Speech: Idiom
  • Meaning: To suffer the worst part of an unpleasant or problematic situation
  • Synonyms: Bear hardship, be patient with, suffer on behalf of
  • Antonyms: Discontinue, Hold, Refuse
  • Usage in a Sentence: Sometimes, I had to bear the brunt of my brother's mistakes.

5. Word: Enmity (विरोध)

  • Pronunciation: en-mi-tee/एन्मिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state or feeling of active opposition or hostility.
  • Synonyms: animosity, antagonism, friction, antipathy
  • Antonyms: helpfulness, affection, benevolence
  • Usage in a Sentence: I think there is some historical enmity between them.

6. Word: Propriety (शिष्टाचार)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-prahy-i-tee/प्रप्राइइटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the condition of being right, appropriate, or fitting.
  • Synonymsetiquette, decorum, aptness
  • Antonyms: impropriety, inaptness, misconduct
  • Usage in a Sentence: It is hard to believe that not too long back the only education women could ever receive were lessons in propriety.

7. WordConform (स्वीकार करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-fawrm/ कन्फॉर्म
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. comply with rules, standards, or laws.
    b. (of a person) behave according to socially acceptable conventions or standards.
    c. be similar in form or type; agree.
  • Synonyms: agree, comply, correspond, accommodate
  • Antonyms: differ, disobey, oppose, deviate
  • Usage in a sentence: He doesn't conform to the usual stereotype of the city businessman with a dark suit and rolled umbrella.

8. Word: Spectacle (प्रदर्शनी)

  • Pronunciation: spek-tuh-kuh l/स्पेक्टकल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  
    a. a visually striking performance or display.
  • Synonyms: marvel, display
  • Antonyms: humility, disguise
  • Usage in a Sentence: The sunset was a stunning spectacle.

9. WordBode (शकुन होना)

  • Pronunciation: bohd/बोड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to portend
    b. to be a sign of something that will happen in the future, usually something very good or bad
  • Synonyms: portend, foreshadow, augur, predict, foretell, forecast, presage
  • Usage in a sentence: This does not bode well for the future of the peace process.

10WordInfusion (संचार)

  • Pronunciation: in-fyoo-zhuh n/इन्फ्यूश़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the introduction of a new element or quality into something.
  • Synonyms: extract, blend, insertion
  • Antonyms: exclusion, deletion
  • Use in a Sentence: The introduction of globalisation has resulted in an infusion of great many cultural practices from the western world. 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • imputation
     
  • assertion
     
  • prejudicial  
  • bear the brunt of
  • enmity

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1proprietymarvel
2conformportend
3spectacleetiquette
4bodecomply
5infusioninsertion

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

write a comment
Bubai kumar
Thank you mam its very helpful
Chan Doraemi
The public blatantly charged the labour for robbery. This was the prejudicial response based on enmity lacking the actual proof. Direct imputation on people based on their appearances and  background must be stopped because in most cases innocents bear the brunt of people's antipathy. Before getting into final assertion, have a careful kick about the matter, then take the required actions accordingly.

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