Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 1st Dec'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : December 1st, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last couple of years, the English section of the competitive exams has given good surprises. You must have encountered one or more new types of questions in almost every exam you appear for. Many of these questions exclusively check your vocabulary skills. So, apart from enhancing your reading, writing and speaking skills, a sound grip on vocabulary helps you score better in examinations. 

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words which you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring to you the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfil your daily intake of English words. The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Mixed colours: on Germany's new coalition

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Spectrum (विस्तृत श्रेणी)

  • Pronunciation: spek-truhm/स्पेक्ट्रम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. (Physics)an array of entities, as light waves or particles, ordered in accordance with the magnitudes of a common physical property, as wavelength or mass: often the band of colors produced when sunlight is passed through a prism, comprising red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet
    b. (Physics) this band or series of colors together with extensions at the ends that are not visible to the eye, but that can be studied by means of photography, heat effects, etc., and that are produced by the dispersion of radiant energy other than ordinary light rays.Compare band spectrum, electromagnetic spectrum, mass spectrum
    c. a broad range of varied but related ideas or objects, the individual features of which tend to overlap so as to form a continuous series or sequence
  • Synonyms: range, gamut, scope
  • Antonyms: monochromatic
  • Usage in a sentence: He was held in great affection by people across the political spectrum.

2. Word: Coalition (सम्मिलन)

  • Pronunciation: koh-uh-lish-uh n/कोअलिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.
  • Synonyms: alliance, union, partnership
  • Antonyms: isolation, discord, separation
  • Usage in a Sentence: The two bodies have merged to form a coalition.

 3. Word: Quintessential (सर्वोत्कृष्ट)

  • Pronunciation: kwin-tuh-sen-shuh l/क्विन्टिसेन्चल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class.
  • Synonyms: leading, headmost
  • Antonyms: atypical, extraneous
  • Usage in a Sentence: Everybody thinks of him as the quintessential worker.

4. Word: Incremental (वृद्धिशील)  

  • Pronunciation: in-kruh-men-tl/ इन्क्रमेन्टल 
  • Part of speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: relating to or denoting an increase or addition, especially one of a series on a fixed scale
  • Synonyms: additional, additive, progressive
  • Antonyms: detrimental
  • Usage in a sentence: The lack of an incremental salary discouraged the workers from working harder.

5. Word: Disown (परित्याग करना)

  • Pronunciation: dis-ohn/डिसोन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: refuse to acknowledge or maintain any connection with.
  • Synonyms: abandon, repudiate
  • Antonyms: accept, admit
  • Usage in Sentence: His family disowned him when he finally embraced his true identity.

6. Word: Legacy (विरासत)

  • Pronunciation: leg-uh-see/लेगसी
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. (Law) a gift of property, especially personal property, as money, by will; a bequest (Noun)
    b. anything handed down from the past, as from an ancestor or predecessor (Noun)
    c. an applicant to or student at a school that was attended by his or her parent (Noun)
    d. of or relating to old or outdated computer hardware, software, or data that, while still functional, does not work well with up-to-date systems (Adjective)
  • Synonyms: heritage, inheritance, bequest
  • Antonyms: dispossession, declamation, abnegation
  • Usage in a sentence: An elderly cousin had left her a small legacy.

7. WordContender (मुकाबला करने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-tend/ कन्टेन्डर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person or group competing with others to achieve something.
  • Synonyms: competitor, contestant, opponent, rival
  • Antonyms: supporter, ally, comrade
  • Usage in a Sentence: She was a strong contender for Britain's Olympic team.

8. Word: Reluctant (अनिच्छुक)

  • Pronunciation: ri-luhk-tuhnt/ रिलक्टन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: unwilling and hesitant; disinclined.
  • Synonyms: unwilling, hesitant, disinclined
  • Antonyms: eager, desirous, enthusiastic, willing
  • Usage in a Sentence: She was reluctant to admit that she was wrong.

9. Word: Concede (झुक जाना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-seed/ कन्सीड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it
  • Synonyms: admit, allow, acknowledge, accept, surrender
  • Antonyms: deny, fight, refuse, contradict
  • Usage in a Sentence: He is not willing to concede any of his power.

10Word: Emanate (उत्पन्न होना)

  • Pronunciation: em-uh-neyt/ एमनेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: (of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source).
  • Synonyms: issue, radiate, originate
  • Antonyms: absorb, withdraw
  • Usage in a sentence: The waves that emanate from the collision of two black holes should be detectable.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • spectrum
     
  • coalition 
     
  • quintessential 
     
  • incremental 
     
  • disown

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1legacycompetitor
2
 
contender
unwilling
3reluctant radiate
4concedeadmit
5emanateinheritance

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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