Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19th Oct'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : October 19th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

A murder most foul: On the lynching at a farmer protest site

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Sectarian (सम्प्रदायवादी)

  • Pronunciation: sek-tair-ee-uh n/ सेक्टेरीअन
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. denoting or concerning a sect or sects. (Adjective)
    b. rigidly following the doctrines of a sect or other group. (Adjective)
    c. a member of a sect. (Noun)
    d. a person who rigidly follows the doctrines of a sect or other group. (Noun) 
  • Synonyms: partisan, bigot, fanatic
  • Antonyms: liberal, nonsectarian, unbiased
  • Usage in a Sentence: The ferry was packed with refugees fleeing sectarian violence in the Moluccas.

2. Word: Brutal (निर्दय)

  • Pronunciation: broot-l/ब्रूटल
  • Part of Speech: Noun/ Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. cruel, violent, and completely without feelings (Noun)
    b. savage (Adjective)
  • Synonyms: savage, cruel, inhuman, irrational, unreasoning
  • Antonyms: charitable, benevolent, sympathetic, humane
  • Usage in a sentence: The brutal attack on democracy was highly condemned.

 3. Word: Blatant (ऊधमी)

  • Pronunciation: bleyt-nt/ ब्लेटन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.
  • Synonyms: flagrant, shameless, conspicuous
  • Antonyms: subtle, quiet, unnoticeable
  • Usage in a sentence: The whole episode was a blatant attempt at gaining publicity.

4. WordUnwittingly (अनजाने में)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-wit-ing/ अन्विटिंगली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: without being aware; unintentionally.
  • Synonyms: inadvertently, unknowingly, unintentionally
  • Antonyms: knowingly, consciously, deliberately
  • Usage in a sentence: They may, even unwittingly, favour their colleagues in determining guilt or innocence.

5. Word: Sanction (स्वीकृति देना)

  • Pronunciation: sangk-shuhn/ सैंगक्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule. [Noun]
    b. give official permission or approval for (an action). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: approve, endorse, authorize, permit
  • Antonyms: disapprove, contempt, refusal, forbid
  • Usage in a sentence: The conference gave its official sanction to the change of policy.

6. Word: Perpetrator (अपराधकर्ता)

  • Pronunciationpur-pi-trey-ter/ पर्पट्रैटर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who carries out a harmful, illegal, or immoral act.
  • Synonyms: offender, violator, culprit
  • Antonym: victim
  • Usage in a Sentence: The perpetrators of racially motivated violence must be punished.

7. Word: Bring someone to book (स्पष्टीकरण माँगना)

  • Pronunciation: bring-to-buk/ब्रिंग टू बुक
  • Part of Speech: Idiom
  • Meaning:
    a. to punish someone and make that person explain their behaviour
  • Synonyms: punish, reprimand, reprove
  • Usage in a sentence: It's high time parole boards were brought to book for their decisions.

8. Word: Agglomeration (संकुलन)

  • Pronunciation: /अग्लामरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a large group of many different things collected or brought together
    b. a jumbled cluster or mass of varied parts
  • Synonyms: accumulation, aggregation, conglomeration
  • Antonyms: disperse, scattered, diffusion
  • Usage in a sentence: He argued that agglomeration dis-economies were the prime explanation for the decentralization.

9. WordSubsume (सम्मिलित करना)

  • Pronunciation: suh b-soom/ सब्सूम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a.  include or absorb (something) in something else
  • Synonyms: encompass, contain, include, comprise, embody
  • Antonyms: surrender, release
  • Usage in a sentence: More than anything, Dennis was interested in choosing people who could subsume their egos.

10Word: Articulate (स्पष्ट)

  • Pronunciation: ahr-tik-yuh-leyt/ आर्टिक्यलैट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently. [Adjective]
    b. pronounce (something) clearly and distinctly. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: enunciate, eloquent, fluent
  • Antonyms: mute, silent, disconnect
  • Usage in a sentence: The teachers help the children to be more articulate about their strengths and weaknesses.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • sectarian
  • brutal 
  • blatant 
  • unwittingly 
  • sanction 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1
perpetrator
encompass
2
bring someone to book
enunciate
3agglomerationoffender
4subsumeaccumulation
5articulatereprimand

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiOct 19, 2021

The sectarian group blatantly created commotion in the middle of the event keeping aside the decorum. They wanted their voices to be heard by the news reporters that is to remove the unwitting sanctioning of night party. They believe it is against their custom and may have a brutal consequences on the youth as a result of which crime rates may jack up.

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tags :Regulatory BodiesEnglishCurrent AffairsInterview & Personality DevelopmentFCI AGM ExamRBI Grade BUPSC EPFO

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