Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19th June, 2021

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 19th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Defending the cartoonist’s right to ridicule

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Prima facie (प्रथमदृष्टया)

  • Pronunciation: prahy-muh fey-shee-ee/ प्राइम फेशीई
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
  • Meaning: based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise.
  • Synonyms: at first sight, at first glance, preliminarily 
  • Usage in a Sentence: There was a prima facie case that a contempt of court had been committed.

2. Word: Stint (कार्यावधि/ सीमा बांधना)

  • Pronunciation: stint/ स्टिन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    b. restrict (someone) in the amount of something, especially money, given or permitted. (Verb)
    c. a person's fixed or allotted period of work. (Noun)
    d. limitation of supply or effort (Noun)
  • Synonyms: job, work, limit, restrain
  • Antonyms: free, exuberant
  • Usage in a Sentence: He has changed his schedule to a three-day stint, which starts this Friday.

 3Word: Peg (स्थिर रखना)

  • Pronunciation: peg/पेग
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to drive or insert a peg into (Verb)
    b. to fasten with or as with pegs (Verb)
    c. a pin of wood or other material driven or fitted into something, as to fasten parts together, to hang things on, to make fast a rope or string on, to stop a hole, or to mark some point (Noun)
    d. a leg, either real or wooden (Noun)
  • Synonyms: pin, fasten, nail
  • Antonyms: detach, clutter, derange
  • Usage in a sentence: The government removed the currency from its peg against the dollar.

4. Word: Trajectory (प्रक्षेपपथ)

  • Pronunciation: truh-jek-tuh-ree/ट्रजेक्टरी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.
  • Synonyms: course, track, route, path
  • Antonyms: off track, off route
  • Usage in a sentence: The decision was certain to affect the trajectory of French politics for some time to come.

5. Word: Evasive (टालने वाला/कपटी)

  • Pronunciation: ih-vey-siv/इवेसिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. answering questions in a way that is not direct or clear, especially because you do not want to give an honest answer
    b. done to avoid something bad happening
  • Synonyms: shifty, elusive, equivocal
  • Antonyms: direct, honest, candid
  • Usage in a sentence: Drivers had to make sudden evasive maneuvers.

6. Word: Dub (नाम देना)

  • Pronunciation: duhb/डब
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to give something or someone a particular name, especially describing what you think of it, him, or her (Verb)
    b. to change the sounds and speech on a film or television programme, especially to a different language (Verb)
    c. a style of music or poetry connected with reggae in which the main part of the tune is removed and various special effects are added (Noun)
  • Synonyms: named, labeled, baptized
  • Antonyms: anonymous, unidentified, untitled
  • Usage in a sentence: She was dubbed by the newspapers "the Angel of Death".

7. Word: Intricacy  (जटिलता)

  • Pronunciation: in-tri-kuh-see/इन्ट्रकसी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. complicated details
    b. the quality of having a lot of complicated small parts or details
  • Synonyms: complexity, involution, entanglement
  • Antonyms: simplicity, solution, accuracy
  • Usage in a sentence: I enjoyed the film, but I couldn't follow all the intricacies of the plot.

8. Word: Repertoire (रंगपटल/खज़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: rep-er-twahr/रेपर्ट्वार
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. all the music or plays, etc. that you can do or perform or that you know
    b. the entire stock of skills, techniques, or devices used in a particular field or occupation
  • Synonyms: stock, collection, repository
  • Antonyms: arrears, lack
  • Usage in a sentence: There is an extensive repertoire of music written for the flute. 

9. Word: Protagonist (कथा या नाटक का प्रधान पुरुष/सर्वेसर्वा)

  • Pronunciation: proh-tag-uh-nist/प्रोटैगनिस्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. one of the main characters in a story or a play
    b. an important supporter of an idea or political system
  • Synonyms: hero, champion, supporter
  • Antonyms: antagonist, nemesis
  • Usage in a sentence: Key protagonists of the revolution were hunted down and executed.

10. Word: Iconic (अनुसंकेतक)

  • Pronunciation: ahy-kon-ik/आइकानिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. very famous or popular, especially being considered to represent particular opinions or a particular time
    b. showing a relationship between the form of a sign, such as a word or a symbol, and its meaning:
    c. relating to or characteristic of a famous person or thing that represents something of importance
  • Synonyms: symbolic, famous, emblematic
  • Antonyms: unrecognizable, insignificant, fameless
  • Usage in a sentence: John Lennon gained iconic status following his death.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • repertoire
  • prima facie
  • stint
  • peg
  • evasive

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 Trajectory entanglement
2 Intricacy champion
3 Iconic route
4 Protagonist baptize
5 Dub emblematic

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!


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