Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19th July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 19th, 2021

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words are given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

Overdue Review: On the sedition law

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Sedition (राजद्रोह)

  • Pronunciation: si-dish-uhn/ सिडिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.
  • Synonyms: insurrection, mutiny, treason
  • Antonyms: loyalty, allegiance, obedience
  • Usage in a sentence: The leaders of the group have been arrested and charged with sedition.

2. Word: Bode (शकुन होना)

  • Pronunciation: bohd/बोड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to portend
    b. to be a sign of something that will happen in the future, usually something very good or bad
  • Synonyms: portend, foreshadow, augur, predict, foretell, forecast, presage
  • Usage in a sentence: This does not bode well for the future of the peace process.

 3Word: Inevitable (अनिवार्य)

  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a) certain to happen; unavoidable.

  • Pronunciation: in-ev-i-tuh-buh l/इनेविटबल
  • Synonyms:  inescapable, unpreventable, assured, certain
  • Antonyms: avoidable, evitable, unsure, uncertain
  • Use in a Sentence: It was an inevitable consequence of the decision.

4. Word: Pander (दलाली करना)

  • Pronunciation: pan-der
  • Part of Speech: Verb/Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a person who furnishes clients for a prostitute or supplies persons
    b. a person who caters to or profits from the weaknesses or vices of others
    c. a go-between in amorous intrigues
    d. to act as a pander
  • Synonyms: procure, gratify, indulge, ponce
  • Antonyms: refuse, dissatisfy, refuse
  • Usage in a sentence: But, his films did not follow a template or pander to the masses.

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5. Word: Suppress (दबाना)

  • Pronunciation: suh-pres/सप्रेस
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to do away with by or as by authority
    b. to keep in or repress a feeling or smile etc.
    c. to withhold from disclosure or publication (truth, evidence, a book, names, etc.)
    d. to stop or arrest (a flow, hemorrhage, cough, etc.)
    e. to vanquish or subdue (a revolt, rebellion, etc.)
  • Synonyms: repress, stifle, subdue, restrain, curb
  • Antonyms: support, encourage, promote, stimulate
  • Usage in a sentence: She couldn't suppress her anger.

6. Word: Flagged (झण्डा दिखा कर रोकना,झंडी से सूचित करना,)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. to signal with or as if with a flag
    b. to mark or identify with or as if with a flag flagged potential problems in the proposal.
    c. to call a penalty on
  • Synonyms: signaled, marked, waved, tagged
  • Antonyms: forgot, ignored
  • Usage in a sentence: Rookie Wayne Gandy was flagged four times for lining up offside.

7. Word: Strike down (ज़ोर से मारना)

  • Pronunciation: strahyk doun/स्ट्राइक डाउन
  • Meaning:
    a. to make someone die or become so ill that they can no longer live a normal life
    b. to hit someone with enough force to make them fall down
    c. if a judge or court strikes down a law, they officially end it
  • Usage in a sentence: The court struck down the law on the grounds that it was unconstitutional.

8. Word: Benchmark (मानदण्ड)

  • Pronunciation: bench-mahrk/ बेन्च्मार्क
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a standard or point of reference against which things may be compared. (Noun)
    evaluate (something) by comparison with a standard. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: standard, yardstick, baseline
  • Usage in a sentence: Her outstanding performances set a new benchmark for singers across the world.

9. Word: Detrimental (हानिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: de-truh-men-tl/डेट्रमेन्टल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: tending to cause harm.
  • Synonyms: harmful, injurious, pernicious
  • Antonyms: convenient, favourable, beneficial
  • Use in a Sentence: We all know that smoking is detrimental to your health.

10. Word: Steadfast (निरंतर)

  • Pronunciation: sted-faststed-fast/स्टेड्फैस्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering.
  • Synonyms: persistent, constant
  • Antonyms: capricious, ever-changing
  • Usage in Sentence: They stood steadfast on their faith.

Writer's Corner

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • bode
  • flagged
  • inevitable
  • strike down
  • benchmark

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
2repressturn down

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Gaurav Kumar

Gaurav KumarJul 19, 2021

Persistent - constant
Repress - stifle
Certain - inescapable
Refuse - turn down
Injurious - pernicious
Saurabh Charbhe
Please provide vocabulary pdf monthly

JayeshJul 19, 2021

The bode match of Mike Tyson that inevitable should happen in next week, in which Mike announced that he will strike down his opponent and will set new benchmark in field of boxing and all the audience will flagged him to cheer up.
...Read More
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJul 20, 2021

Many environmentalists bode the detrimental effects of plastic bags. It's non biodegradable nature makes it unsafe for usage in daily life. But it's presence is inevitable. Unless there is other replacement, it's hard to back out from plastic bags. Many laws and regulations are implemented to strike down the snowballing plastic dependency but the benchmark created by the non biodegrade is hard to overtake by other replicas. Even if it's flagged as not eco friendly, people will use it.
...Read More

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PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOSBI CBO

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