Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 17th Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 17th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

Exception to the rule: On extensions to heads of CBI, ED

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Autonomy (स्वराज्य)

  • Pronunciation: aw-ton-uh-mee/ऑटानमी 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the right or condition of self-government.
  • Synonyms: freedom, self-government, independence
  • Antonym: dependence, captivity, subjugation
  • Usage in a Sentence: Branch managers have full autonomy in their own areas.

2. Word: Tenure (कार्यकाल)

  • Pronunciation: ten-yer/टेन्यर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the holding or possessing of anything:
    b. the holding of property, especially real property, of a superior in return for services to be rendered.
  • Synonyms: occupancy, incumbency, stint 
  • Antonyms: dispossession, deprivation, forfeiture
  • Usage in a sentence: Saddam Hussain's tenure was replete with terror and human rights violation.

 3. Word: Dictum (उक्ति)

  • Pronunciation: dik-tuhm/डिक्टम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a short statement, especially one expressing advice or a general truth
  • Synonyms: maxim, pronouncement, aphorism, axiom
  • Usage in a sentence: He followed the famous American dictum "Don't get mad, get even".

4. WordRegime (शासन)

  • Pronunciation: ruh-zheem/रश़ीम 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a government, especially an authoritarian one
    b. a system or ordered way of doing things.
  • Synonyms: administration, jurisdiction
  • Antonyms: disorder, confusion
  • Usage in a Sentence: The regime got rid of most of its opponents.

5. Word: Incentive (उकसाव)

  • Pronunciation: in-sen-tiv/ इन्सेन्टिव
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a thing that motivates or encourages someone to do something.
  • Synonyms: stimulus, motivation, spur
  • Antonyms: discouragement, hindrance, deterrent
  • Usage in a sentence: Workers need to be given an incentive to improve their performance.

6. Word: Amend (ठीक करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-mend/ अमेन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make minor changes to (a text, piece of legislation, etc.) in order to make it fairer or more accurate, or to reflect changing circumstances.
  • Synonyms: change, modify, alter
  • Antonyms: worsen, degrade
  • Usage in a sentence: A two-thirds majority is needed to amend the club's constitution.

7. Word: Ordinance (अध्यादेश)

  • Pronunciationawr-dn-uhns/ऑर्डनन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  
    a. an authoritative order.
    b. a religious rite.
  • Synonyms: order, decree, law, regulation, statute
  • Antonyms: judgement call, individualism, personal choice
  • Usage in a Sentence: A local ordinance forbids all street parking during snowstorms.

8. Word: Render (प्रस्तुत करना)

  • Pronunciation: ren-der/ रेन्डर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    provide or give (a service, help, etc.).
    b. cause to be or become; make.
  • Synonyms: make, give, provide
  • Antonyms: beg, take
  • Usage in a sentence: The virus had to be rendered ineffective before being injected.

9. WordAbide (पालन करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-bahyd/अबाइड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: a. accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation)
    b. to put up with; tolerate; stand
  • Synonyms: endure, obey, acknowledge
  • Antonyms: reject, quit
  • Usage in a Sentence: You have got to abide by the rules.

10Word: Detrimental (हानिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: de-truh-men-tl/डेट्रमेन्टल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: tending to cause harm.
  • Synonyms: harmful, injurious, pernicious
  • Antonyms: convenient, favourable, beneficial
  • Use in a Sentence: We all know that smoking is detrimental to your health.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • autonomy
     
  • tenure 
     
  • dictum
     
  • regime 
     
  • incentive

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1
amend
make
2ordinance obey
3render  decree
4abideharmful
5detrimental  modify

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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