Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 17th July, 2021

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : July 17th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist from Gradeup is a daily vocabulary exercise that will help enhance your vocabulary skills.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

What the post-Covid doctor must know

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Jargon (विशिष्ट शब्दावली)

  • Pronunciation: jahr-guhn/ जार्गन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the language, especially the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group:
    b. unintelligible or meaningless talk or writing; gibberish.
    c. any talk or writing that one does not understand.
    d. language that is characterized by uncommon or pretentious vocabulary and convoluted syntax and is often vague in meaning.
  • Synonyms: vernacular, lingo, argot
  • Antonyms: formal language, eloquence, rhetoric
  • Usage in a sentence: In India, people from different places speak different jargon. 

2. Word: Simulate (अनुकरण करना)

  • Pronunciation: sim-yuh-leyt/ सिम्युलेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. make a pretence of
    b. create a representation or model of
    c. reproduce someone's behaviour or looks
  • Synonyms: imitate, feign, fake
  • Antonyms: genuine, natural, actual 
  • Usage in a sentence: He simulated the manners of the rich.

 3Word: Naive (निष्कपट)

  • Pronunciation: nah-eev/ नाईव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. having or showing unaffected simplicity of nature or absence of artificiality; unsophisticated; ingenuous.
    b. having or showing a lack of experience, judgment, or information; credulous:
    c. having or marked by a simple, unaffectedly direct style reflecting little or no formal training or technique:
    d. not having previously been the subject of a scientific experiment, as an animal.
  • Synonyms: innocent, gullible, credulous
  • Antonyms: experienced, worldly, sophisticated 
  • Usage in a sentence: She's so naive she believes everything she reads.

4. Word: Caveat (प्रतिवाद)

  • Pronunciation: kav-ee-aht/ कैवीऐट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a warning or caution; admonition.
    b. Law. a legal notice to a court or public officer to suspend a certain proceeding until the notifier is given a hearing:
  • Synonyms: caution, warning, admonition
  • Antonyms: carelessness, consonance, betrayal
  • Usage in a sentence: He fought a caveat filed against the probate of his father's will.

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5. Word: Inundate (डुबोना)

  • Pronunciation: in-uhn-deyt/ इनन्डैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to flood; cover or overspread with water;
    to overwhelm:
  • Synonyms: deluge, swamp, engulf
  • Antonyms: dry, drain, arid
  • Usage in a sentence: The basement was inundated after the storm

6. Word: Competency (काम्पिटन्सी)

  • Pronunciation: kom-pi-tuhn-see/ काम्पिटन्सी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • Synonyms: ability, capability, expertise
  • Antonyms: incompetence, inability, 
  • Usage in a sentence: Development Centers for key position holders are conducted to identify the competency gaps.

7. Word: Apothecary (औषधि बनाने या बेचने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: uh-poth-uh-ker-ee/ अपाथकेरी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a druggist; a pharmacist.
    b. a pharmacy or drugstore.
    c. (especially in England and Ireland) a druggist licensed to prescribe medicine.
  • Synonyms: druggist, chemist, pharmacist 
  • Usage in a sentence: The apothecary managed to get the medicines without much fuss. 

8. Word: Precept (आज्ञा-पत्र)

  • Pronunciation: pree-sept/ प्रीसेप्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a commandment or direction given as a rule of action or conduct.
    b. an injunction as to moral conduct; maxim.
    c. a procedural directive or rule, as for the performance of some technical operation.
  • Synonyms: principle, maxim, dictum
  • Antonyms: ambiguity, lawlessness, anarchy 
  • Usage in a sentence: Raj always followed his precepts when he was studying.

9. Word: Usher (भेंट कराने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: uhsh-er/ अशर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a person who escorts people to seats in a theater, church, etc.
    b. a person acting as an official doorkeeper, as in a courtroom or legislative chamber.
    c. a male attendant of a bridegroom at a wedding.
    d. to act as an usher to; lead, introduce, or conduct:
    e. to attend or bring at the coming or beginning; precede or herald
  • Synonyms: escort, guide, accompany
  • Antonyms: chase, pursue, hound
  • Usage in a sentence: She ushered them to their seats.

10. Word: Ambience (वातावरण)

  • Pronunciation: am-bee-uhns/ ऐम्बीअन्स
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. the mood, character, quality, tone, atmosphere, etc., particularly of an environment or milieu:
    that which surrounds or encompasses; environment.
  • Synonyms: atmosphere, environment, mood
  • Antonyms: hollowness, depression, emptiness
  • Usage in a sentence: The restaurant had a delightful ambience.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

  • Competency
  • Apothecary
  • Precept
  • Usher
  • Ambience

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1Jargon Experienced 
2Simulate Admonition 
3Naive Deluge 
4Caveat Imitate 
5Inundate Argot 

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go Gradeup!

Posted by:

Oindrila BanerjeeOindrila BanerjeeMember since Nov 2020
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Comments

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Medha Tyagi

Medha TyagiJul 17, 2021

1. Jargon = argot
2. Simulate = imitate
3. Naive = experienced
4. Caveat = Admonition
5. Inundate = Dulge
Abhishek Gupta

Abhishek GuptaJul 17, 2021

This comment is hidden because it was marked spam.

Abhinav Shankar
if naive mns innocent then its synonyms would have been unexperienced.
experienced is its antonyms
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJul 18, 2021

The hotel has a great ambience for visitors. Bellboy ushered us through the main hall which was filled with people. The hall seems grandeur in appearance and filled with antique apothecary tables and lists of rules and precepts. We approached towards the VIP hall but later backed off because the hall was under surveillance. I feel the hotel is very competent when it comes to customer satisfaction.
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