Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 17th Dec'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : December 17th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

Detail in relief: On SC order on financial assistance to kin of COVID-19 families

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Chide (झिड़कना)

  • Pronunciation: chahyd/चाइड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: scold or rebuke.
  • Synonyms: reprove, admonish
  • Antonyms: praise, compliment
  • Usage in a Sentence: The manager chided him for his delay.

2. Word: Advocate (समर्थक करना)

  • Pronunciation: ad-vuh-keyt/ऐड्वकैट 
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy. [Noun]
    b. publicly recommend or support. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: support, defender
  • Antonyms: opponent, criticize
  • Usage in a Sentence: The group does not advocate the use of violence.

 3. Word: Cite (प्रमाण देना)

  • Pronunciation: sahyt/ साइट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. refer to (a passage, book, or author) as evidence for or justification of an argument or statement, especially in a scholarly work.
    b. praise (someone, typically a member of the armed forces) in an official report for a courageous act.
  • Synonyms: quote, commend
  • Antonyms: hide, enclose
  • Usage in a Sentence: Please cite your references before submitting your resume.

4. WordVulnerability (अतिसंवेदनशीलता)

  • Pronunciation: vuhl-ner-uh-buh l-ity/ वल्नरबिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
  • Synonyms: exposure, frailty
  • Antonyms: protection, safety
  • Usage in a Sentence: The person's vulnerability makes him even more friendly.

5. Word: Onset (प्रारंभ)

  • Pronunciation: on-set/ऑन्सेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a. the beginning of something, especially something unpleasant.
  • Synonyms: start, arrival, (first) appearance, opening
  • Antonyms: conclusion, end, destination, cessation
  • Usage in Sentence: Her first hit record marked the onset of an astonishing career.

6. Word: Recede (घटना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-seed/ रिसीड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: go or move back or further away from a previous position
  • Synonyms: retreat, withdraw, diminish, lessen, retire, subside
  • Antonyms: approach, advance, increase, emerge, rise
  • Usage in a Sentence: After the waters recede, extensive lagoons and marshes are formed as the ground gradually dries out.

7. WordPloy (चाल)

  • Pronunciation: ploi/प्लॉइ
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a cunning plan or action designed to turn a situation to one's own advantage.
  • Synonyms: trick, artifice, dodge
  • Antonyms: vitiate, idle
  • Usage in a Sentence: It was all a ploy to divert attention from his real purposes.

8. Word: Endorsement (तसदीक़)

  • Pronunciation: en-dawrs-muh nt/एन्डॉर्स्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the act of declaring one's public approval or support of someone or something.
  • Synonyms: sanction, approval, affirmation
  • Antonyms: dissent, disapproval
  • Usage in a Sentence: These measures have received strong endorsement from the community.

9. WordResilience (तन्यकता)

  • Pronunciation: ri-zil-yuh ns/रिज़िलीअन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness.
    b. the ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity.
  • Synonyms:  flexibility, plasticity, elasticity, resistance
  • Antonyms: frailty, rigidity
  • Usage in a Sentence: My mother has shown great resilience to stress.

10Word: Lament (दुखी होना)

  • Pronunciation: luh-ment/लमेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a passionate expression of grief or sorrow. [Noun]
    b. express regret or disappointment about something. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: mourn, sorrow
  • Antonyms: rejoice, triumph
  • Usage in a Sentence: He composed a song of lament for the dead soldier.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • chide
     
  • advocate
     
  • cite
     
  • vulnerability
     
  • onset 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1
recede
resistance
2ploy retreat
3endorsement sorrow
4resiliencetrick
5lamentapproval

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiDec 17, 2021

The public chided authority for bad road conditions. Few years ago after the onset of road construction, people complained the authority regarding the vulnerability in the paved road, even after it's full construction. But they advocated their stance and cited their way of management. And all opted in agreeing with them. But after the commencement of road utility, within few days rutting occurred.

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