Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 16th July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 16th, 2021

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. 

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words which you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring to you the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfill your daily intake of English words. The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Ramping up supply: On COVID-19 vaccination woes

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Ramp up (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: ramp up/रैंप अप
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning: 

        a. to increase or cause to increase
        b. (intr) to increase the effort involved in a process

  • Synonyms: build up, work up, progress, fortify
  • Antonyms: corrode
  • Use in a Sentence: The company announced plans to ramp up production to 10,000 units per month.

2. Word: Slack (निष्क्रिय/मन्द)

  • Pronunciation: slak/स्लैक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. not tight, taut, firm, or tense; loose (Adjective)
    b. negligent; careless; remiss (Adjective)
    c. in a slack manner (Adverb)
    d. a slack condition or part (Noun)
    e. the part of a rope, sail, or the like, that hangs loose, without strain upon it (Noun)
    f. a decrease in activity, as in business or work (Noun)
  • Synonyms: loose, slow, sluggish, limp, inactive
  • Antonyms: active, diligent, fast-paced
  • Usage in a sentence: These tent ropes are too slack - they need tightening.

 3Word: Constraint (प्रतिबन्ध)

  • Pronunciation: Cun-strain-t
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning - a limitation or restriction
  • Synonyms - restriction, limitation
  • Antonyms - freedom, liberty
  • Usage in a sentence - The children showed a little constraint in the presence of the new teacher.

4. Word: Dispense (प्रदान करना)

  • Pronunciation: डिस्पेन्स/dih-spens 
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to give out things, especially products, services, or amounts of money
    b. to provide something such as a service, money, or information
  • Synonyms: distribute, allot, dole out
  • Antonyms: receive, abduct, beg
  • Usage in a sentence: There is a vending machine on the platform that dispenses snacks.

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5. Word: Roil (चिढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: roil/रॉइल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to disturb or disquiet; irritate; vex
    b. to render (water, wine, etc.) turbid by stirring up sediment
    c. to cause something to stop working in the usual or expected way
    d. to move or proceed turbulently
  • Synonyms: annoy, disturb, irritate, bother
  • Antonyms: please, appease, gratify
  • Usage in a sentence: Fears about Japan roiled world financial markets last week.

6. Word: Ferocity (क्रूरता)

  • Pronunciation: fuh-ros-i-tee/ फरासिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the state or quality of being ferocious.
  • Synonyms: savagery, brutality, barbarity
  • Antonyms: gentleness, clemency
  • Usage in a sentence: The police were shocked by the ferocity of the attack.

7. Word: Inoculate (टीका लगाना)

  • Pronunciation: ih-nok-yuh-leyt /इनाक्यलेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to give a weak form of a disease to a person or animal, usually by injection, as a protection against that disease
    b. to affect or treat (a person, animal, or plant) in this manner
  • Synonyms: vaccinate, immunize, inject 
  • Usage in a sentence: My children have been inoculated against polio.

8. Word: Deceleration (गति में कमी)

  • Pronunciation: dee-sel-uh-re-sion/डिसेलरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: reduction in speed or rate.
  • Synonyms: retardation, delay, tardiness
  • Antonyms: acceleration, quickness, rapidity
  • Use in a Sentence: The rate of deceleration is enormous and demands quick action.

9. Word: Onus (दायित्व)

  • Pronunciation: oh-nuh s/ ओनस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: Something that is one's duty or responsibility.
  • Synonyms: responsibility, liability, obligation
  • Antonyms: help, irresponsibility, impassiveness
  • Usage in a Sentence: The onus is on employers of the company to follow all the safety laws.

10. Word: Spruce (विचार करना)

  • Pronunciation:स्प्रूस/spru-sh
  • Part of Speech: Noun, verb, adjective
  • Meaning -
    a. a widespread coniferous tree which has a distinctive conical shape and hanging cones, widely grown for timber, pulp, and Christmas trees (noun)
    b. neat in dress and appearance (adjective)
    c. make someone or something smarter or tidier (verb)
  • Synonyms - clean, smart
  • Antonyms - dirty, rough
  • Usage in a sentence - A new coat of paint should spruce up the old church.

Writer's Corner

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Onus
  • Dispense
  • Inoculate
  • deceleration
  • Spruce

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1responsibilityclean
2delayliberty
3restrictiongentleness
4savageryirresponsibility
5dirtyrapidity

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJul 16, 2021

Inoculation campaign is running full fledged all over the country to decelerate the ramping corona rate. Government dispensed vaccination to almost entire nation and it's an onus to get vaccinated against corona virus and back ourself into the zone where we were before free from pestilence.
...Read More
Shiva N

Shiva NJul 17, 2021

Antonyms
Responsibility - irresponsibility
Delay - rapidly
Restriction - liberty
Savagery - gentleness
Dirty - clean

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