Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 15th Oct'21

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : October 15th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Beguiling base: On fuel prices and inflation

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Beguile (मोहित करना)

  • Pronunciation: bih-gahyl/बिगाइल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to influence by trickery, flattery, etc.; mislead; delude
    b. to take away from by cheating or deceiving (usually followed by of)
    c. to charm or divert
    d. to pass (time) pleasantly
  • Synonyms: charm, captivate, enchant
  • Antonyms: bore, undeceive, repulse
  • Usage in a sentence: He was completely beguiled by her beauty.

2. Word: Levy (वसूल करना)

  • Pronunciation: lev-ee/ लेवी
  • Part of Speech: Noun/ Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. an imposing or collecting, as of a tax, by authority or force.
    b. the amount owed or collected.
    c. to impose (a tax):
    d. to seize or attach property by judicial order.
  • Synonyms: charge, impose, tariff
  • Antonyms: reward, slash, aid
  • Usage in a sentence: All incomes above the prescribed limit are subject to levy of income tax.

 3. Word: Precede (अग्रगामिता)

  • Pronunciation: प्रिसीड/ 
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. come before in order or position.
    b. preface or introduce something with.
  • Synonyms: lead, introduce, direct, predate
  • Antonyms: follow, succeed, come after
  • Usage in a sentence: It would be helpful if you were to precede the report with an introduction.

4. WordDisguise (छलकपट)

  • Pronunciation: dis-gahyz/डिस्गाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. give (someone or oneself) a different appearance in order to conceal one's identity. [Verb]
    b. a means of altering one's appearance to conceal one's identity. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: camouflage, concealment, impersonate
  • Antonyms: interpret, expose, reveal
  • Usage in a Sentence: The opera singer took off her disguise to reveal herself as an undercover agent.

5. Word: Erode (नष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: ih-rohd/ईरोड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. gradually destroy or be gradually destroyed.
  • Synonyms: corrode, decay
  • Antonyms: construct, accentuate
  • Use in a Sentence: A bad justification will erode closeness.

6. Word: Constraint (प्रतिबन्ध)

  • Pronunciation: Cun-strain-t/ कन्स्ट्रेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning - a limitation or restriction
  • Synonyms - restriction, limitation
  • Antonyms - freedom, liberty
  • Usage in a sentence - The children showed a little constraint in the presence of the new teacher.

7. WordCrude (अशिष्ट/असंस्कृत)

  • Pronunciation: krood/क्रूड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. in a raw or unprepared state; unrefined or natural (Adjective)
    b. lacking in intellectual subtlety, etc.; rudimentary; undeveloped (Adjective)
    c. lacking finish, polish, or completeness (Adjective)
    d. lacking culture, refinement, tact, etc. (Adjective)
    e. undisguised; blunt (Adjective)
    f. Crude oil (Noun)
  • Synonyms: coarse, rude, rough, vulgar
  • Antonyms: classy, refined, decent
  • Usage in a sentence: They constructed a crude shelter from branches.

8. Word: Ripple (तरंगतरंगित करना)

  • Pronunciation: rip-uhl/ रिपल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a small wave or series of waves on the surface of water, especially as caused by a slight breeze or an object dropping into it. [Noun]
    b. (of a sound or feeling) spread through a person, group, or place. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: wave, corrugation, undulation
  • Usage in a sentence: The announcement sent a ripple of excitement through the crowd.

9. WordIntervene (हस्तक्षेप करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-veen/ इन्टर्वीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. take part in something so as to prevent or alter a result or course of events.
    b. occur in the time between events.
  • Synonyms: interfere, interpose, intercede, meddle
  • Antonyms: ignore, disregard, leave, avoid
  • Usage in a Sentence: The prisoner asked me to intervene with the authorities on his behalf.

10Word: Haste (तेज़ी)

  • Pronunciation: heyst/हेस्ट
  • Part of speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. swiftness of motion; speed; celerity
    b. urgent need of quick action; a hurry or rush 
    c. unnecessarily quick action; thoughtless, rash, or undue speed 
  • Synonyms: rush, hurry, speed, hustle
  • Antonyms: slowness, delay, sluggishness
  • Usage in a sentence: Unfortunately the report was prepared in haste and contained several inaccuracies.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Haste
  • Constraint
  • Disguise
  • Levy
  • Precede

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1slownessrough
2corrodedirect
3leadconcealment
4camouflagedecay
5coarsesluggishness

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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