Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 14th July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 14th, 2021

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’, comes in very handy to boost this exercise. It helps you grasp the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc.
Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words given below to scale up your knowledge.

Happy Reading!

The power of scrutiny: SC verdict on Delhi Assembly’s Committee on Peace and Harmony

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Scrutiny (छान-बीन)

  • Pronunciation: skroot-n-ee/ स्क्रूटनी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: critical observation or examination
  • Synonyms: investigation, review
  • Antonyms: disregard, neglect
  • Usage in Sentence: Their enterprises have come under police scrutiny.

2. Word: Inquisitorial  (कुतूहली)

  • Pronunciation: इन्क्विज़िटोरीअल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: of or like an inquisitor, especially in questioning someone in a harsh or intensive manner
  • Synonyms: Inquisitive, nosy, prying
  • Antonyms: accusatorial
  • Use in a Sentence: he was questioning her in a cold, inquisitorial voice.

 3Word: Ratification (निश्चय करना)

  • Pronunciation: rat-uh-fi-key-shuh n/ रैटफकैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of signing or giving formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid.
  • Synonyms: confirmation, approval
  • Antonyms: opposition, refusal
  • Use in a Sentence: The settlement is subject to ratification by the Legislature.

4. Word: Strike a blow (धक्का पहुँचाना)

  • Part of Speech: Phrase
  • Meaning: to hit (someone or something) so as to cause harm
  • Synonyms: strike, punch
  • Antonyms: guard, protect
  • Use in a Sentence: The new scheme will strike a blow to consumer confidence.

5. Word: Nuance (बारीकी)

  • Pronunciation: noo-ahns/नूआन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
  • Synonyms: distinction, overtone
  • Antonyms: roughness, inexactness
  • Use in a Sentence: There are layers of nuance and humor in her speech.

6. Word: Mere (एकमात्र)

  • Pronunciation: meer/मीर
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: used to emphasize how small or insignificant someone or something is.
  • Synonyms: sheer, scant, utter
  • Antonyms: powerful, blighted
  • Use in a Sentence: It was certainly more to than this mere opportunism.

7. Word: Contravene (उल्लंघन करना)

  • Pronunciation: kon-truh-veen/ कान्ट्रवीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to come or be in conflict with; go or act against; deny or oppose:
    b. to violate, infringe, or transgress:
  • Synonyms: breach, flout, transgress
  • Antonyms: collaborate, agree, accept
  • Usage in a sentence: One should not behave in a manner that contravenes the rules.

8. Word: Discordant (विपरीत)

  • Pronunciation: dis-kawr-dnt/डिस्कॉर्डन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. disagreeing or incongruous.

        b. (of sounds) harsh and jarring because of a lack of harmony.

  • Synonyms: inharmonious, contradictory
  • Antonyms: agreeable, pacifist
  • Use in a Sentence: The two experiments gave us discordant results.

9. Word: Turf (घास का मैदान, इलाका)

  • Pronunciation: turf/ टर्फ
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. grass and the surface layer of earth held together by its roots. (Noun)
    b. cover (a patch of ground) with turf. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: field, area, grass, terrain, lawn
  • Usage in a Sentence: Synthetic turf was installed in the playing field instead of grass.

10. Word: Encroach (अतिक्रमण करना)

  • Pronunciation: en-krohch/ एन्क्रोच
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. intrude on (a person's territory, rights, personal life, etc.).
    b. advance gradually beyond usual or acceptable limits.
  • Synonyms: trespass, invade
  • Antonyms: banish, abstain, keep off
  • Usage in Sentence: The new institutions do not encroach on political power.

Writer's Corner

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Scrutiny
  • Inquisitorial
  • Strike a blow
  • Turf
  • Trespass

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
4inquisitivekeep off

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go Gradeup!

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Gunjan  Gupta

Gunjan GuptaJul 14, 2021

Banish ::: keep off
Field ::: area
Inharmonious :::: contradictory 
Inquisitive ::: nosy
Breach :::: transgress
Medha Tyagi

Medha TyagiJul 14, 2021

1. banish = keep off
2. field = area
3. inharmonious = contradictory
4. inquisitive = nosy
5. breach = transgress
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiJul 14, 2021

The daughter was called upon for the scrutiny of the case of her murdered parents. At first, she was a mere witness and her statement imposed no doubt. But as it progressed, her words seemed discordant. The detective put an inquisitorial effort to tell the whole scenario all over again to which she backed away. Then the inquisitor doubted her intentions and confessed his doubts which made her discomfort and changed her tone, like striking a blow. After 7 hrs of pedantic interrogation, the defendant revealed herself guilty of crime. She killed her parents because she was fed up of their tiger parenting. She planned the whole scenario with the help of con men. They encroached the area and shoot her parents on the turf in day light.
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