Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 14th Dec'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : December 14th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Freedom and power: On Biden's Summit for Democracy

Important Words from the Article

1. Word:

Bolster (सहारा)

  • Pronunciationbohl-ster/ बोल्स्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: support or strengthen.
  • Synonyms: reinforce, brace, fortify
  • Antonyms: obstruct, weaken, hinder
  • Usage in a Sentence: He is making a strong effort to bolster the territory's confidence.

2. Word: Falter (डगमगाना)

  • Pronunciation: fawl-ter/ फॉल्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to hesitate or waver in action, purpose, intent, etc.; give way:
    to speak hesitatingly or brokenly.
    to move unsteadily; stumble.
  • Synonyms: stumble, hesitate, waiver
  • Antonyms: maintain, persist, continue
  • Usage in a sentence: Her courage did not falter at the prospect of hardship.

 3. Word: Arbitrary (अनियन्त्रित)

  • Pronunciation: ahr-bi-trer-ee/आर्बिट्रेरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. subject to individual will or judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion
    b. decided by a judge or arbiter rather than by a law or statute
  • Synonyms: random, dictatorial, absolute
  • Antonyms: circumspect, rational, fair
  • Usage in a sentence: Did you have a reason for choosing your destination or was it arbitrary?

4. WordRegime (शासन)

  • Pronunciation: ruh-zheem/ रश़ीम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a government, especially an authoritarian one
    b. a system or ordered way of doing things.
  • Synonyms: administration, jurisdiction
  • Antonyms: disorder, confusion
  • Usage in a Sentence: The regime got rid of most of its opponents.

5. Word: Entrant (प्रतियोगी)

  • Pronunciation: en-truhnt/एन्ट्रन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person or group that enters or takes part in something.
  • Synonyms: Opponent, Contestant, Contender, Neophyte 
  • Antonyms: Spectator, Expert, Victor
  • Usage in a Sentence: In startup companies, new entrants are hired to flourish the business. 

6. Word: Autocratic (एकतंत्र)

  • Pronunciation: aw-tuh-krat-ik/ ऑटक्रैटिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. like an autocrat; tyrannical; despotic; domineering:
    b. pertaining to or of the nature of autocracy or of an autocrat; absolute
  • Synonyms: authoritarian, tyrannical, despotic
  • Antonyms: democratic, humble, electable
  • Usage in a sentence: The president resigned after 30 years of autocratic rule.

7. WordIntervention (हस्तक्षेप)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-ven-shuh n/ इन्टर्वेन्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action or process of intervening
  • Synonyms: interference, mediation, intrusion
  • Antonyms: noninterference, nonintervention, challenge
  • Usage in a Sentence: We would resist any armed intervention from outside in our country's affairs.

8. Word: Efficacy (प्रभावोत्पादकता)

  • Pronunciation: ef-i-kuh-see/एफिकैसी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the ability to produce a desired or intended result.
  • Synonyms: effectiveness, potency
  • Antonyms: failure, feebleness
  • Use in a Sentence: Fortunately, the medicine had the efficacy to reduce the amount of pain Vanshi was feeling.

9. WordRedressal (सुधार करना)

  • Pronunciation: redress-al/ रिड्रेससल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. Act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
    b. A sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
  • Synonyms: remedy, remediation, amends
  • Antonyms: damage, blighted, wrong
  • Usage in a Sentence: The Manager shall keep record of complaints and the redressal actions by the branch.

10Word: Concede (झुक जाना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-seed/ कन्सीड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it
  • Synonyms: admit, allow, acknowledge, accept, surrender
  • Antonyms: deny, fight, refuse, contradict
  • Usage in a Sentence: He is not willing to concede any of his power.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • bolster
  • falter
  • arbitrary
  • regime 
  • entrant

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
4redressal authoritarian

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep


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