Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 13th Sept'21

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 13th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Catching up: On PLI scheme for textile sector

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Hinge (वह जिस पर कोई वस्तु चले या निर्भर रहे)

  • Pronunciation: hinj/ हिन्ज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a jointed device or flexible piece on which a door, gate, shutter, lid, or other attached part turns, swings, or moves.
    b. a natural anatomical joint at which motion occurs around a transverse axis, as that of the knee or a bivalve shell.
    c. that on which something is based or depends; pivotal consideration or factor.
    d. to be dependent or contingent on, or as if on, a hinge (usually followed by on or upon):
  • Synonyms: pivot, link, depend
  • Usage in a sentence: Her mouth emitted a croak almost similar to the creaking of the hinge on a rusted door.

2. Word: Inexorable (अनमनीय)

  • Pronunciation: in-ek-ser-uh-buh l/इनेक्सरबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: impossible to stop or prevent.
  • Synonyms: inflexible, stubborn
  • Antonyms: flexible, benevolent
  • Use in a Sentence: The inexorable logic does not establish that the result is morally desirable.

 3. Word: Relentless (दयाहीन)

  • Pronunciation: ri-lent-lis/रिलेन्ट्लिस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a. unceasingly intense.

        b. harsh or inflexible.

  • Synonyms:  persistent, severe
  • Antonyms: inexorable, inflexible
  • Use in a Sentence: She could not bear the relentless music and turned down the volume.

4. WordEngender (उत्पन्न करना)

  • Pronunciation: en-jen-der/ एन्जेन्डर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: cause or give rise to (a feeling, situation, or condition).
  • Synonyms: generate, produce, create, cause, breed, beget
  • Antonyms: destroy, halt, stop, annihilate
  • Usage in a sentence: The issue has engendered a considerable amount of debate.

5. Word: Outlay (व्यय)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Pronunciation: out-ley/आउट्ले
  • Meaning: an amount of money spent on something.
  • Synonyms: expense, payment
  • Antonyms: perks, profit
  • Use in a Sentence: The project would require little financial outlay.

6. Phrase: Stimulus (उकसाना)

  • Pronunciation: stim-yuh-luhs/स्टिम्यलस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. something that causes growth or activity
    b. (Biology) something that causes part of the body to react
  • Synonyms: incentive, spur, motivation, incitement
  • Antonyms: deterrent, discouragement, hindrance
  • Usage in a sentence: The book will provide a stimulus to research in this very important area.

7. WordSpur (प्रेरित करना)

  • Pronunciation: spur/ स्पर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive. [Noun]
    b. give an incentive or encouragement to (someone). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: urge, encourage, motivate
  • Antonyms: discourage, hindrance, obstacle
  • Usage in a Sentence: On the spur of the moment, we all decided to hold a dance party.

8. Word: Bolster (सहारा)

  • Pronunciationbohl-ster/ बोल्स्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: support or strengthen.
  • Synonyms: reinforce, brace, fortify
  • Antonyms: obstruct, weaken, hinder
  • Usage in a Sentence: He is making a strong effort to bolster the territory's confidence.

9. WordLeery (आशंकित)

  • Pronunciation: leer-ee/लीरी
  • Meaning:
    a. not trusting someone or something and usually avoiding him, her, or it if possible
  • Synonyms: suspicious, wary, mistrustful, distrustful
  • Antonyms: naive, trustful, trustworthy
  • Usage in a sentence: I've always been a little leery of authority figures.

 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Spur
  • Leery
  • Stimulus
  • Hinge
  • Inexorable

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1naivefortify
2reinforcehinder
3incitementcreate
4obstructincentive
5generatetrustful

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiSep 13, 2021

GOI took an initiative to spur the villagers for maximum use of biogas as a sustainable management. Although it seemed inexorably tough to replace the conventional method with the new biogas technology and people were leery too, the subsidies along with minimum prices hinged the motive and act as a stimulus to promote eco friendly ways of life. Many more incentives are yet to be capped off for promulgating sustainable management in farm areas.

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