Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 13th Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 13th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Season of floods: On TN's long-term solutions to avoid monsoon woes

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Woe (दुःख)

  • Pronunciation: woh/ वो
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. great sorrow or distress (often used hyperbolically).
    b. things that cause sorrow or distress; troubles.
  • Synonyms: misery, distress, grief, sorrow, anguish
  • Antonyms: joy, happiness, cheerfulness
  • Usage in a sentence: The England team's tale of woe continued, and they lost the next three games.

2. Word: Vulnerability (अतिसंवेदनशीलता)

  • Pronunciation: vuhl-ner-uh-buh l-ity/ वल्नरबिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
  • Synonyms: exposure, frailty
  • Antonyms: protection, safety
  • Usage in a Sentence: The person's inherent vulnerabilities make him even more empathetic.

 3. Word: Terrain (मैदान)

  • Pronunciation: tuh-reyn/ टरैन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a stretch of land, especially with regard to its physical features.
  • Synonyms: land, region, geography, landscape
  • Usage in a sentence: We had to drive over some rough terrain.

4. Word: Tangible (स्पर्शगम्य)

  • Pronunciation: tan-juh-buhl/ टैन्जबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: perceptible by touch.
  • Synonyms: palpable, real, concrete, substantial
  • Antonyms: abstract, intangible, imaginary
  • Usage in a sentence: The policy has not yet brought about any tangible results.

5. Word: Inundation (जलप्लावन, सैलाब)

  • Pronunciation: in-uhn-dey-shion/ इनन्डैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. an overwhelming abundance of people or things.
    b. flooding
  • Synonyms: flood, deluge, overflow
  • Antonyms: drought, shortage, deficit, dehydrate
  • Usage in a Sentence: Rising rivers could inundate low-lying areas.

6. Word: Backdrop (पृष्ठभूमि)

  • Pronunciationbak-drop/ बैक्ड्राप 
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. a painted cloth hung at the back of a theatre stage as part of the scenery. ( Noun)
    b. lie behind or beyond; serve as a background to. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: background, setting, scenery, context
  • Antonyms: foreground, forefront
  • Usage in a Sentence:  The mountains provided a perfect backdrop for the wedding photos.

7. WordCrux (कठिन बात)

  • Part of Speech: Noun 
  • Pronunciation: kruhks/क्रक्स
  • Meaning: 
    a. the decisive or most important point at issue.
    b. a particular point of difficulty.
  • Synonyms: essence, puzzle, basis
  • Antonyms: exceptional, triviality
  • Usage in a Sentence: The crux of the difficulty lay in the lack of material.

8. Word: Encroachment (अधिक्रमण)

  • Pronunciation: en-krohch-muh nt/एन्क्रोच्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a gradual advance beyond usual or acceptable limits.
    b. intrusion on a person's territory, rights, etc.
  • Synonyms: invasion, infringement, imposition
  • Antonyms: decline, deterioration, wane
  • Usage in a Sentence: It's a sign of the encroachment of commercialism in medicine.

9. WordHamper (रोकना)

  • Pronunciation: ham-per/हैम्पर
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. to hold back; hinder; impede (Verb)
    to interfere with; curtail (Verb)
    a large, rectangular container with a lid(Noun)
  • Synonyms: hinder, impede, obstruct
  • Antonyms: help, encourage, expedite
  • Usage in a sentence: High winds hampered efforts to put out the fire.

10Word: Durable (टिकाऊ)

  • Pronunciation: /डुरबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. able to last and be used for a long time without becoming damaged
  • Synonyms: strong, stable, lasting, enduring, firm
  • Antonyms: fragile, weak, delicate, perishable
  • Usage in a sentence: The machines have to be made of durable materials.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • woe
     
  • vulnerability
     
  • terrain
     
  • tangible 
     
  • inundation

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1backdropessence
2cruxinfringement
3encroachmentimpede
4durablebackground
5hamperstrong

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

write a comment
Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiNov 14, 2021

The sloppy terrain are vulnerable to landslide. The past research work present tangible evidences to support this statement. The rainfall and earthquake are the external factors that causes inundation of slopes resulting in loss of life and properties linking up the fate of woe and distress for the destitutes.

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