Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 11th Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 11th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

Overlapping interests: On U.P. Police probe into Lakhimpur Kheri violence

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Probe (जांच करना)

  • Pronunciation: prohb/ प्रोब
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb 
  • Meaning: 
    a. a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter. [Noun]
    b. explore or examine (something), especially with the hands or an instrument. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: scrutinize, inquiry
  • Antonyms: glimpse, absurd
  • Usage in a Sentence: I don't want to probe too deeply into your personal affairs.

2. Word: Tardy (मंदा)

  • Pronunciation: taar-di / टार्डी
  • Part of Speech: adjective
  • Meaning: delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time
  • Synonyms: late, delay, slow, sluggish
  • Antonyms: early, on-time, prompt, punctual
  • Usage in a Sentence: The tribunal was tardy in its response to the case.

 3. Word: Apprehension (डर)

  • Pronunciation: ap-ri-hen-shuh n/ ऐप्रिहेन्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
  • Synonyms: dread, fear, anxiety, worry
  • Antonyms: confidence, calmness, ease
  • Usage in a Sentence: The change in the law has caused apprehension among many people.

4. WordExculpate (रिहाई करवाना)

  • Pronunciation: ik-skuhl-puh-tawr-ee/ एक्स्कल्पटॉरी
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing.
  • Synonyms: exonerating, excuse, exempt
  • Antonyms: condemning, accusing
  • Usage in a Sentence: Spacey’s attorneys claim the phone contains exculpatory evidence.

5. Word: Convoy (रक्षक दल/बचाने के लिये संग जाना)

  • Pronunciation: kon-voi/ कान्वॉइ
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a group of ships or vehicles travelling together, typically one accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection. [Noun]
    b. (of a warship or armed troops) accompany (a group of ships or vehicles) for protection. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: escort, accompany, guard
  • Antonyms: neglect, desert, abandon
  • Usage in a sentence: A convoy of trucks containing supplies was sent to the famine area.

6. Word: Retaliatory (प्रतिशोध का/मुंहतोड़)

  • Pronunciation: ri-tal-ee-eytory/रीटैल्यटॉरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. a retaliatory action is one that is harmful to someone who has done something to harm you
  • Synonyms: retributive, vengeful, avenging
  • Antonyms: rehabilitative, forgiving, friendly
  • Usage in a sentence: He urged people not to resort to retaliatory violence.

7. WordLynch (बिना वैध निर्णय के मार डालना)

  • Pronunciation: linch/लिन्च
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. If a crowd of people lynch someone who they believe is guilty of a crime, they kill them without a legal trial, usually by hanging
  • Synonyms: kill, murder, hang
  • Antonyms: save lives, protect
  • Usage in a sentence: The accused killer was lynched by an angry mob.

8. Word: Derail (अवपथन)

  • Pronunciation: dee-reyl/डीरेल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: obstruct (a process) by diverting it from its intended course.
  • Synonyms: dissuade, divert
  • Antonyms: assist, encourage, improve
  • Usage in a Sentence: That incident could derail the entire process.

9. WordRedound (सहायता करना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-dound/ रिडाउन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: contribute greatly to (a person's credit or honour).
  • Synonyms: conduce, contribute, recoil, return
  • Antonyms: hinder, abate, lower
  • Usage in a Sentence: Her success will redound to the fame of Beijing University.

10Word: Exonerate (निर्दोषी ठहराना)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zon-uh-reyt/इग्ज़ानरेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to clear, as of an accusation; free from guilt or blame; exculpate
    b. to relieve, as from an obligation, duty, or task
  • Synonyms: acquit, absolve, clear, exculpate
  • Antonyms: blame, accuse, condemn, convict
  • Usage in a sentence: The report exonerated the crew from all responsibility for the collision.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • probe
     
  • tardy
     
  • apprehension
     
  • exculpate
     
  • convoy 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1retaliatorydissuade
2lynchcontribute
3derailmurder
4redoundabsolve
5exonerateretributive

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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PO, Clerk, SO, Insurance

BankingIBPS POIBPS ClerkSBI POIBPS SOSBI ClerkRBIRRBLICESICNainital BankOtherQuick LinkMock Test
tags :PO, Clerk, SO, InsuranceEnglishUnion Bank SO ExamNRA CET Nainital BankUnion Bank of India SOOdisha State Cooperative Bank

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