Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 10th Sept'21

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : September 10th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Back at school: On student safety

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Nascent (विकासोन्मुख)

  • Pronunciation: nas-uh nt/ नैसन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: beginning to exist or develop
  • Synonyms: incipient, emerging 
  • Antonyms: last, dying, moribund
  • Usage in a Sentence: A battle over music personalities threatens a nascent industry.

2. WordConsensus (सामंजस्य )

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-sen-suh s/कन्सेन्सस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a general agreement.
  • Synonyms: accord, concordance
  • Antonyms: disagreement, dissension
  • Usage in a Sentence: The two companies have reached a consensus.

 3. Word: Negligent (असावधान)

  • Pronunciation: neg-li-juhnt/नेग्लिजन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a. failing to take proper care over something.

  • Synonyms: careless, remiss, neglectful, irresponsible, inattentive, heedless
  • Antonyms: careful, cautious, attentive, diligent
  • Use in a Sentence: Mr. Verma was found guilty of negligent driving.

4. WordVenture (उद्यम)

  • Pronunciationven-cher/ वेन्चर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. a risky or daring journey or undertaking. (Noun)
    b. undertake a risky or daring journey or course of action. (Verb)
    c. dare to do or say something that may be considered audacious (often used as a polite expression of hesitation or apology). (Verb)
  • Synonyms: risk, hazard, adventure, attempt, enterprise, project undertaking 
  • Antonyms: protect, abstain, guard
  • Usage in a Sentence: The joint venture ended in a legal wrangle between the two companies.

5. Word: Dilemma (असमंजस)

  • Pronunciation: (dih-lem-uh) /डिलेम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable.
  • Synonyms: problem, difficulty, difficulty, trouble
  • Antonyms: solution, answer, resolution, boon
  • Usage in a Sentence: The fundamental dilemma remains: in a tolerant society, should we tolerate intolerance?

6. Phrase: Cripple (निर्बल करना)

  • Pronunciation: krip-uh l/क्रिपल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. cause (someone) to become unable to walk or move properly.

        b. cause a severe and almost insuperable problem for.

  • Synonyms: incapacitate, debilitate, undermine
  • Antonyms: strengthen, assist, support
  • Use in a Sentence: The national health system saved him from becoming a cripple.

7. WordAlacrity (उत्साह)

  • Pronunciationuh-lak-ri-tee/ अलैक्रटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: brisk and cheerful readiness.
  • Synonyms: willingness, eagerness, readiness, preparedness
  • Antonyms: laziness, reluctance, indifference, disinclination, aversion
  • Usage in a sentence: It was an interesting challenge and I responded with alacrity.

8. WordCohort (संगी)

  • Pronunciation: koh-hawrt/कोहॉर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a companion or associate
    b. one of the ten divisions in an ancient Roman legion, numbering from 300 to 600 soldiers
    c. any group of soldiers or warriors
    d. an accomplice; abettor
    e. a group or company
  • Synonyms: companion, colleague, company, group
  • Antonyms: antagonist, rival, opponent, adversary
  • Usage in a sentence: She has a cohort of admirers.

9. WordAbstention (अकरण)

  • Pronunciation: ab-sten-shuh n/ ऐब्स्टेन्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. an instance of declining to vote for or against a proposal or motion.
    b. restraint in one's consumption; abstinence.
  • Synonyms: abstinence, refraining, avoidance
  • Antonyms: foray, practice, indulgence
  • Usage in a sentence: There were 10 ayes, 6 nays, and 2 abstentions when the vote was taken.

10. Word: Oversight (चूक)

  • Pronunciation: oh-ver-sahyt/ओवर्साइट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

        a) an unintentional failure to notice or do something.

        b) the action of overseeing something.

  • Synonyms: blunder, disregard, surveillance, mistake
  • Antonyms: scrutiny, care, attention
  • Use in a Sentence: His name was omitted through an oversight.

 

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Alacrity
  • Oversight
  • Cripple
  • Cohort
  • Dilemma

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1blunderindifference
2indulgenceheedless
3reluctanceforay
4carelessdebilitate
5incapacitatemistake

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

Comments

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Chan Doraemi

Chan DoraemiSep 10, 2021

My sister got in trouble with her cohorts. She had a big argument. She was in dilemma whether to resign her job or not. I calmed her down and advised her we should not let these petty things ruin our life, don't be cripple by past thoughts, you should carry on with your job with same alacrity like before and oversight the negativity.

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