Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 10th Nov'21

By Oindrila Banerjee|Updated : November 10th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like speaking, listening, reading and writing.

Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article. 

Happy Reading!

The wall in front: On Rahul Dravid's appointment as head coach

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Inevitability (अनिवार्यता)

  • Pronunciation: in-ev-i-tuh-bee li-ty/इनेविटबिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the quality of being certain to happen.   
  • Synonyms: certainty, necessity, predetermination
  • Antonyms: doubtfulness, uncertainty, hesitation
  • Usage in a Sentence: There was an inevitability about their defeat.

2. Word: Helm (नियंत्रण)

  • Pronunciation: helm/हेल्म
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. a wheel or tiller by which a ship is steered (Noun)
    b. the entire steering apparatus of a ship (Noun)
    c. the place or post of control (Noun)
    d. to steer; direct (Verb)
  • Synonyms: control, tiller, rudder
  • Antonyms: uncontrolled, muddle, rebellion
  • Usage in a sentence: In January, a new president will take the helm of the institute.

 3. Word: Incumbent (अवलंबी)

  • Pronunciation: in-kuhm-buh nt/ इन्कम्बन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility. [Adjective]
    b. the holder of an office or post. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: necessary, tenured, compulsory, officeholder
  • Antonyms: optional, unnecessary
  • Usage in a sentence: It is incumbent upon all users of this equipment to familiarize themselves with the safety procedure.

4. Word: Culmination (चरमबिन्दु)

  • Pronunciation: kuhl-muh-ney-shuhn/ कल्मनेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.
  • Synonyms: peak, climax, pinnacle, conclusion
  • Antonyms: beginning, commencement, opening
  • Usage in a sentence: The space race reached its culmination in the first moonwalk.

5. Word: Moniker (मुँह-बोला नाम)

  • Pronunciation: mon-i-ker/मानिकर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a name or nickname
  • Synonyms: nickname, alias, handle, epithet
  • Antonyms: adscript, gibberish
  • Usage in a sentence: The quality of his work earned him the moniker of 'perfectionist'.

6. Word: Stature (उच्चता)

  • Pronunciationstach-er/स्टैचूर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: importance or reputation gained by ability or achievement.
  • Synonyms: quality, prestige, eminence, height
  • Antonyms: unimportance, insignificance, deflate
  • Use in a Sentence: Mary was surprised to spot her husband, recognizable by his small stature and familiar shirt, walking across the river. 

7. Word: Goodwill (सद्भावना)

  • Pronunciation: good-wil /गुड्विल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. friendly disposition; benevolence; kindness.
    b. cheerful acquiescence or consent.
    c. Commerce. an intangible, salable asset arising from the reputation of a business and its relations with its customers, distinct from the value of its stock and other tangible assets.
  • Synonyms: benevolence, kindness, compassion, friendliness
  • Antonyms: hostility, malice, enmity, animosity
  • Usage in a sentence: In the blink of an eye, his mischief made him lose the goodwill of his friends.

8. Word: Foray (आक्रमण करना)

  • Pronunciation: fawr-ey/ फॉरै
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, especially to obtain something; a raid.
  • Synonyms: despoil, charge, attack, incursion
  • Antonyms: idleness, relax
  • Usage in a Sentence: After an unsuccessful foray into diplomacies, Sham went back to his law practice.

9. Word: Avalanche (हिमस्खलन)

  • Pronunciation: av-uh-lanch/ऐवलैन्च
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a large mass of snow, ice, etc., detached from a mountain slope and sliding or falling suddenly downward (Noun)
    b. anything like an avalanche in suddenness and overwhelming quantity (Noun)
    c. to come down in, or like, an avalanche (Verb)
    d. to come down in, or like, an avalanche (Verb)
  • Synonyms: landslide, deluge, snow-slide
  • Antonyms: shortage, scarceness, shortfall
  • Usage in a sentence: We received an avalanche of complaints.

10Word: Diktat (अलोकप्रिय और कड़ा आदेश)

  • Pronunciation: dik-tat/ दिक्तैट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an order or decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent.
  • Synonyms: dictation, imposition, enforcement, decree
  • Antonyms: petition, appeal
  • Usage in a sentence: The coach issued a diktat that all team members must attend early-morning practice.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • inevitability
     
  • helm
     
  • incumbent 
     
  • culmination 
     
  • moniker 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1statureincursion
2goodwillbenevolence
3forayheight
4avalanchedecree
5diktatdeluge

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

from BYJU'S Exam Prep

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