Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 10th December 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : December 10th, 2020

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently.

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Constant vigilance: on Khalistan threat

Important Words from the Article

1. WordFringe (किनारा)

  • Pronunciation: frinj/ फ्रिन्ज
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. the outer, marginal, or extreme part of an area, group, or sphere of activity. [Noun]
    b. form a border around (something). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: edge, border, rim
  • Antonyms: centre, interior
  • Usage in a sentence: The fringe benefits include free health insurance.

2. Word: Vigilance (जागरूकता)

  • Pronunciationviji-lence
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning - the state of keeping a careful watch for danger
  • Synonyms -  watchfulness,  alertness
  • Antonyms - negligence, carelessness
    Usage in a sentence- Lack of vigilance caused the Titanic to crash into an iceberg that no one saw coming.

 3Word: Moribund (अन्त के करीब)

  • Pronunciation: mawr-uh-buhnd/मॉरबन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. (of a person) at the point of death.
    b. (of a thing) in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigour.
  • Synonyms: dying, stagnant, weak
  • Antonyms: alive, fresh
  • Usage in a Sentence: The region's heavy industry is still inefficient and moribund.

4. Word: Insurgency (विद्रोह)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Pronunciation: in-sur-juh n-see/इन्सर्जन्सी
  • Meaning: a. an active revolt or uprising.
  • Synonyms: rebellion, mutiny, revolution
  • Antonyms: compliance, obedience
  • Usage in a Sentence: About 10,000 people have been killed in a decade of insurgency.

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5. Word: Diaspora (प्रवासी)

  • Pronunciation: dahy-as-per-uh/ डाइऐस्पोरा
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the dispersion or spread of any people from their original homeland.
    b. people who have spread or been dispersed from their homeland.
  • Synonyms: migration, dissolution, dispersal, separation, banishment
  • Antonym: concentration
  • Usage in a sentence: When it is explored in-depth, our cuisine reveals the nuances of regions and peoples and those of diaspora and return.

6. Word: Sporadic (छिट पुट)

  • Pronunciation: spuh-rad-ik/स्पोरैडिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated.
  • Synonyms: occasional, infrequent, irregular, periodical
  • Antonyms: frequent, constant, ceaseless, seasonal
  • Usage in a Sentence: There were reports of sporadic fighting in the streets.

7. Word:  Allegation (अभिकथन)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning - a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof
  • Synonyms - accusation, charge
  • Antonyms - exculpation, denial
  • Usage in a sentence- The professor made an allegation of cheating against his student.

8. Word: Infiltrate (घुसपैठ करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-fil-treyt/ इन्फिल्ट्रेट 
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: enter or gain access to (an organization, place, etc.) surreptitiously and gradually, especially in order to acquire secret information.
  • Synonyms: penetrate, permeate, enter, insinuate, pervade
  • Antonyms: seal, stamp, block
  • Usage in a Sentence: Attempts to infiltrate undercover agents into the gang have failed.

9. Word: Ceasefire (युद्धविराम)

  • Pronunciation: sees-fahyuh r/ सीसफाइअर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a temporary suspension of fighting.
  • Synonyms: truce, armistice, peace
  • Antonyms: struggle, war, conflict
  • Usage in a sentence: Federal leaders continued their efforts to secure a ceasefire.

10. Word: Foment (उकसाना)

  • Pronunciation: foh-ment/फोमेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb 
  • Meaning: instigate or stir up (an undesirable or violent sentiment or course of action).
  • Synonyms: provoke, incite, stimulate
  • Antonyms: soothe, dampen, ease
  • Usage in a Sentence: He has moved beyond simply trying to foment a revolt.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Fringe 
  • Vigilance
  • Ember
  • Moribund 
  • Insurgency 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 incite dampen
2 permeate armistice
3 truce irregular
4 infrequent penetrate
5 soothe provoke

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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