Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 09th October 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : October 9th, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Four for one: On Quad, India and the U.S.

Important Words from the Article

1. WordDeliberation (मंत्रणा)

  • Pronunciation: dih-lib-uh-rey-shuhn/ डिलिबरेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. long and careful consideration or discussion.
    b. slow and careful movement or thought.
  • Synonyms: reflection, consideration, thought, contemplation
  • Antonyms: alacrity, haste
  • Usage in a Sentence: He spoke with deliberation, but often in vivid metaphors and with literary references.

2. Word: Dispel (दूर करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-spel / डिस्पेल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (a doubt, feeling, or belief) disappear.
  • Synonyms: disperse, banish, disappear
  • Antonyms: accumulate, assemble, gather
  • Usage in a sentence: The President is attempting to dispel the notion that he has neglected the economy.

 3Word: Proactive (अग्रसक्रिय)

  • Pronunciation: proh-ak-tiv/ प्रोऐक्टिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (of a person or action) creating or controlling a situation rather than just responding to it after it has happened.
  • Synonyms: active, dynamic, farsighted, anticipatory, enterprising
  • Antonyms: passive, idle, sluggish, weak
  • Usage in a sentence: The city is taking a proactive approach to fighting crime by hiring more police officers.

4. Word: Conceive (विचार करना, गर्भ धारण करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-seev/ कन्सीव
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. create (an embryo) by fertilizing an egg. 
    b. form or devise (a plan or idea) in the mind.
    c. form a mental representation of; imagine.
    d. become affected by (a feeling).
  • Synonyms: devise, create, invent, imagine, design
  • Antonyms: destroy, distrust, doubt, disbelieve, misapprehend
  • Usage in a sentence: He couldn't conceive of a time when he would have no job.

5. Word: Lateral (पार्श्विक)

  • Pronunciationlat-er-uh l/ लैटरल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. of, at, towards, or from the side or sides. (Adjective)
    b. a side part of something, especially a shoot or branch growing out from the side of a stem. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: sideways, sideward, skirting, parallel
  • Antonyms: central, organic, critical, natural
  • Usage in a Sentence: Employees can expect lateral moves to different departments, to gain experience.

 

6. Word: Coerce (बलपूर्वक रोकना/मजबूर करना)

  • Pronunciation: koh-urs/कोअर्स
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to persuade someone forcefully to do something that they are unwilling to do
  • Synonyms: force, compel, pressure, push
  • Antonyms: allow, admit, quit, agree
  • Usage in a sentence: The court heard that the six defendants had been coerced into making a confession.

7. Word: Downplay (महत्व कम बताना)

  • Pronunciationdoun-pley/ डैउन्प्ले
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (something) appear less important than it really is.
  • Synonyms: minimize, diminish, belittle, understate, reduce, devalue
  • Antonyms: overplay, overstate, overestimate, exaggerate 
  • Usage in a sentence: Athletes often downplay their injuries.

8. Word: Coalition (सम्मिलन)

  • Pronunciation: koh-uh-lish-uh n/कोअलिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government.
  • Synonyms: alliance, union, partnership
  • Antonyms: isolation, discord, separation
  • Use in a Sentence: The two bodies have merged to form a coalition.

9. Word: Full-fledged (पूर्ण विकसित)

  • Pronunciation: foo l-flejd/ फुल फ्लेज्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: completely developed or established; fully-fledged.
  • Synonyms: complete, total, mature, entire
  • Antonyms: incomplete, immature
  • Usage in a Sentence: My high school was putting on a full-fledged musical theatre production.

10. Word: Combat (भिड़न्त/संग्राम करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhm-bat/ कम्बैट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. fighting between armed forces. [Noun]
    b. take action to reduce or prevent (something bad or undesirable). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: fight, battle, struggle
  • Antonyms: peace, accord, compromise
  • Usage in a sentence: The police are planning sterner measures to combat.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 peace union
2 alliance accord
3 central invent
4 create doubt
5 disbelieve organic

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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