Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 9th December 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : December 9th, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Rebuilding from debris: On Joe Biden securing certified results

Important Words from the Article

1. WordDebris (रोड़ा)

  • Pronunciation: duh-bree/ डब्री
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: scattered pieces of rubbish or remains.
  • Synonyms: rubbish, junk, rubble
  • Antonyms: purity, finery, valuable
  • Usage in a Sentence: Several people were injured by flying debris in the explosion.

2. Word: Linger (देर तक ठहरना)

  • Pronunciation: ling-ger/लिंगअर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. stay in a place longer than necessary because of a reluctance to leave.
    b. be slow to disappear or die.
    c. spend a long time over (something).
  • Synonyms: stay, dawdle
  • Antonyms: hurry, hasten
  • Use in a Sentence: It's strange how childhood impressions linger.

 3Word: Arduous  (कठिन)

  • Pronunciation:ar-du-ous
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning - demanding great effort or labour, difficult
  • Synonyms -  difficult, hard,taxing
  • Antonyms - easy, effortless, simple
  • Usage in a Sentence- Last semester was a piece of cake, but taking seven classes along with an internship this semester is going to be arduous.

4. Word: Polarisation (ध्रुवीकरण)

  • Pronunciation: poh-ler-uh-zey-shuh n/ पोलरिज़ेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.
  • Synonyms: division, discord, opposition
  • Antonyms: reunion, coexistence, convergence
  • Usage in a Sentence: Political polarisation in industrialised countries has fuelled a resurgence of fiscal conservatism.

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5. Word: Partisan (कट्टर)

  • Pronunciation: pahr-tuh-zuhn/पार्टिज़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person. [Noun]
    b. prejudiced in favour of a particular cause. [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: supporter, biased
  • Antonyms: opponent, unbiased
  • Use in a Sentence: You must listen to both points of view and try not to be partisan.

6. Word: Expedient (उचित)

  • Pronunciation: ik-spee-dee-uhnt/ इक्स्पीडीअन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. (of an action) convenient and practical although possibly improper or immoral. (Adjective)
    b. a means of attaining an end, especially one that is convenient but possibly improper or immoral. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: convenient, advantageous, prudent
  • Antonyms: useless, inappropriate, fruitless
  • Usage in a Sentence: It might be expedient not to pay him until the work is finished.

7. Word: Inflict (थोपना)

  • Pronunciation: in-flikt/इन्फ्लिक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to impose as something that must be borne or suffered
    b. to impose (anything unwelcome)
    c. to deal or deliver, as a blow
  • Synonyms: entail, force, impose, thrust
  • Antonyms: hold, keep, abstain, withhold
  • Usage in a sentence: These new bullets are capable of inflicting massive injuries.

8. Word: Controversy (विवाद)

  • Pronunciationkon-truh-vur-see/ कान्ट्रवर्सी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: prolonged public disagreement or heated discussion.
  • Synonyms: dispute, disagreement, argument, contention, conflict
  • Antonyms: agreement, harmony, accordance, concurrence, consistency, consonance
  • Usage in a Sentence: The decision aroused a lot of controversy among the students.

9. Word: Catastrophic (अनर्थकारी)

  • Pronunciation: kat-uh-strof-ik/कैटस्ट्राफिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of the nature of a catastrophe, or disastrous event; calamitous
  • Synonyms: disastrous, tragic, ruinous, destructive
  • Antonyms: harmless, lucky, encouraging
  • Usage in a sentence: She had to put her catastrophic Olympic performance out of her mind.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Debris
  • Linger
  • Arduous
  • Polarisation 
  • Partisan 

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 disastrous agreement
2 concurrence division
3 impose tragic
4 discord rubbish
5 rubble entail

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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