Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 06th July 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : July 6th, 2021

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.

Mixed bag: on Indian merchandise exports

Important Words from the Article

1. WordProtract (खींचना)

  • Pronunciation: proh-trakt/प्रोट्रैक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. to draw out or lengthen, especially in time; extend the duration of; prolong
    b. Anatomy. to extend or protrude
    c. (in surveying, mathematics, etc.) to plot and draw (lines) with a scale and a protractor
  • Synonyms: prolong, extend, draw out, lengthen
  • Antonyms: contract, curtail, abbreviate
  • Usage in a sentence: I have no desire to protract the process.

2. Word: Disguise (छलकपट)

  • Pronunciation: dis-gahyz/डिस्गाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. give (someone or oneself) a different appearance in order to conceal one's identity. [Verb]
    b. a means of altering one's appearance to conceal one's identity. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: camouflage, concealment, impersonate
  • Antonyms: interpret, expose, reveal
  • Usage in a Sentence: The opera singer took off her disguise to reveal herself as an undercover agent.

 3Word: Proponent (समर्थक)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-poh-nuhnt/ प्रपोनन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who advocates a theory, proposal, or course of action
  • Synonyms: supporter, advocate, exponent, upholder, defender
  • Antonyms: opponent, enemy, rival, antagonist, foe
  • Usage in a Sentence: Halsey was identified as a leading proponent of the values of progressive education.

4. Word: Peak (शीर्षबिंदु)

  • Pronunciation: peek/पेक्
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the tip, point, or vertex; summit
    b. climax; peak; acme
  • Synonyms: peak, acme, pinnacle, zenith
  • Antonyms: bottom, base, foot
  • Usage in a sentence: He reached the apex of his career during that period.

5. Word: Exacerbate (बिगाड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zas-er-beyt/ इग्ज़ैसर्बैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to increase the severity, bitterness, or violence of (disease, ill feeling, etc.);
    b. to embitter the feelings of (a person);
  • Synonyms: aggravate, worsen, inflame
  • Antonyms: improve, alleviate, soothe
  • Usage in a sentence: The pain exacerbated after the delay in treatment. 

6. Word: Credibility (विश्वसनीयता)

  • Pronunciation: kred-uh-bil-i-tee/ क्रेडिबिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the quality of being trusted and believed in.
    b. the quality of being convincing or believable.
  • Synonyms: reliability, trustworthiness
  • Antonyms: dishonesty, betrayal
  • Usage in Sentence: The report appears to have of scientific credibility.

7. Word: Cluster (समूह)

  • Pronunciation: kluhs-ter/क्लस्टर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a group of things or persons close together (Noun)
    a number of things of the same kind, growing or held together; a bunch (Noun)
    to gather into a cluster or clusters (Verb)
    to furnish or cover with clusters (Verb)
  • Synonyms: group, bunch, crowd, band, aggregate
  • Antonyms: disperse, individual, scatter, one
  • Usage in a sentence: Have a look at the cluster of galaxies in this photograph!

8. Word: Clamour (गोहार, धूम मचाना)

  • Pronunciation: kla-muh-r/क्लैमर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting. (Noun)
    b. shout loudly and insistently. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: Uproar, Outcry, Roar
  • Antonyms: Silence, Peace
  • Usage in a Sentence: When I do my work at home, my kids often clamour for my attention by shouting my name. 

9. Word: Eminently (उत्कृष्ट रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: em-uh-nuh nt-lee/एमनन्ट्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: to a notable degree; very.
  • Synonyms: extremely, prominently
  • Antonyms: unimportantly, slightly
  • Usage in a Sentence: The person seems eminently suitable for the job.

10. Word: Feasible (व्यवहार्य)

  • Pronunciationfee-zuh-buh l/ फीज़बल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. possible to do easily or conveniently.
    b. likely; probable.
  • Synonyms: possible, practicable, workable, viable
  • Antonyms: impossible, unsustainable, unfeasible, impractical
  • Usage in a sentence: The government has now made it feasible for tourists to spend as long as a month in the country.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • peak
  • disguise
  • proponent 
  • protract
  • exacerbate

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1credibilitygroup
2feasibleprominently
3clusterreliability
4eminentlypossible
5clamouruproar

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Prep Smart, Score Better, Go BYJU'S Exam Prep!

Comments

write a comment
Medha Tyagi
1. credibility = reliability
2. feasible = possible
3. cluster = group
4. eminently = prominently
5. clamour = uproar
Medha Tyagi
Thankyou @Nilanjan Paul for this post.
Chan Doraemi
The 3rd wave may hit as early as expected. Moreover the cases may exacerbate more as compare to 2nd one and may protract for longtime. It may be witnessed in August and reach its peak in September as per SBI Research. Many proponents blame the negligence, and poor health infrastructure. If we ask about the impacts corona virus🦠😷 made on those who lost their special ones, we would know how much we are disguised from the reality.

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