Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 05th August 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : August 5th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc. That could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express'. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Grim prospects

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Siege (अवरोध)

  • Pronunciation: seej/ सीज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies, with the aim of compelling those inside to surrender.
  • Synonyms: blockade, beleaguerment
  • Antonyms: relief
  • Usage in a sentence: The judge said the police had mishandled the siege.

2. Word: Grim (कठोर, भयंकर)

  • Pronunciation: grim/ ग्रिम
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. very serious or gloomy.
    b. depressing or worrying to consider.
    c. (of humor) lacking genuine levity; black.
    d. (especially of a place) unattractive or forbidding.
    e. unrelentingly harsh.
  • Synonyms: gloomy, bleak, scary, dark, dismal, ghastly
  • Antonyms: bright, cheerful, happy, compassionate
  • Usage in a Sentence: Hikers made a grim discovery when they came across a dead body in the woods.

 3Word: Prospect (अपेक्षा, पूर्वक्षण)

  • Pronunciationpros-pekt/ प्रास्पेक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring. (Noun)
    b. a mental picture of a future or anticipated event. (Noun)
    c. a person regarded as likely to succeed or as a potential customer, client, etc. (Noun)
    d. chances or opportunities for success or wealth. (Noun)
    e. search for mineral deposits, especially by drilling and excavation. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: expectation, perspective, outlook, view, possibility
  • Antonyms: doubtfulness, retrospect
  • Usage in a Sentence: She is excited by the prospect of returning to school.

4. Word: Beleaguer (अवरोध करना)

  • Pronunciation: bih-lee-ger/ बिलीगर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: put in a very difficult situation.
  • Synonyms: besiege, harass, pester
  • Antonyms: comfort, benefit, relax
  • Usage in a Sentence: They beleaguered her with requests for forgiveness.

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5. Word: Facilitate (सहज करना)

  • Pronunciation: fuh-sil-i-teyt/फसिलिटेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to make easier or less difficult; help forward (an action, a process, etc.):
    b. to assist the progress of (a person).
  • Synonyms: assist, ease, alleviate
  • Antonyms: hinder, obstruct, hinder
  • Usage in a sentence: Careful planning facilitates any kind of work.

6. Word: Conspicuous (सुस्पष्ट)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-spik-yoo-uhs/ कन्स्पिक्यूअस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: clearly visible.
  • Synonyms: obvious, evident, clear
  • Antonyms: hidden, concealed
  • Usage in a sentence: The notice must be displayed in a conspicuous.

7. Word: Wreak (प्रत्यपकारना)

  • Pronunciation: reek/रीक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to cause something to happen in a violent and often uncontrolled way
  • Synonyms: bring, inflict, impose
  • Antonyms: reward, improve
  • Usage in a sentence: The recent storms have wreaked havoc on crops.

8. Word: Havoc (विनाश)

  • Pronunciation: hav-uhk/हैवक
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. confusion and lack of order, especially causing damage or trouble
  • Synonyms: chaos, destruction, mayhem
  • Antonyms: calm, rehabilitation, cosmos
  • Usage in a sentence: The delay played havoc with their travel arrangements.

9. Word: Intervene (हस्तक्षेप करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-veen/ इन्टर्वीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. take part in something so as to prevent or alter a result or course of events.
    b. occur in the time between events.
  • Synonyms: interfere, interpose, intercede, meddle
  • Antonyms: ignore, disregard, leave, avoid
  • Usage in a Sentence: The prisoner asked me to intervene with the authorities on his behalf.

10. Word: Prospect (अपेक्षा, पूर्वक्षण)

  • Pronunciationpros-pekt/ प्रास्पेक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the possibility or likelihood of some future event occurring. (Noun)
    b. a mental picture of a future or anticipated event. (Noun)
    c. a person regarded as likely to succeed or as a potential customer, client, etc. (Noun)
    d. chances or opportunities for success or wealth. (Noun)
    e. search for mineral deposits, especially by drilling and excavation. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: expectation, perspective, outlook, view, possibility
  • Antonyms: doubtfulness, retrospect
  • Usage in a Sentence: She is excited by the prospect of returning to school.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Grim
  • Beleaguer
  • Facilitate
  • Havoc
  • Wreak

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1interferemayhem
2obviousimpose
3gloomyevident
4inflictbleak
5chaosinterpose

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Sahi Prep Hai Toh Life Set Hai

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

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Chan Doraemi
The contradicting statements by judges beleaguered the dancers. But I was really taken away with their performances. They facilitated through tough times. Due to the flood havoc, they couldn't visit their dance academy. They used to practise in their home stay which recently got wrecked due to violent storm. But despite their grim situations and tribulations, they deterred to stay in the competition. This shows their huge passion for dance.
...Read More
Suman Saini
Thanks sir 🙏🙏😊

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