Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 04th August 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : August 4th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc. That could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express'. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Paradise for pigs

Important Words from the Article

1. WordAbyss (अगाध गर्त्त)

  • Pronunciationuh-bis/अबिस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a deep or seemingly bottomless chasm; the regions of hell conceived of as a bottomless pit.
  • Synonyms: gulf, depth, fissure
  • Antonyms: utopia, bliss, delight
  • Use in a Sentence: They took a long look into the abyss before deciding whether to jump.

2. Word: Stoke (भड़कानाभट्टी में कोयला झोंकना)

  • Pronunciation: stohk/ स्टोक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. encourage or incite (a strong emotion or tendency).
    b. add coal or other solid fuel to (a fire, furnace, boiler, etc.).
  • Synonyms: fuel, feed, inflame, incite
  • Antonyms: extinguish
  • Usage in a sentence: He continued to stoke up hatred in his speeches.

 3Word: Surpass (बढ़ जाना)

  • Pronunciation: ser-pas/ सर-पास
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: exceeded; be greater than / be better than.
  • Synonyms: exceed, excel, transcend, outpaced
  • Antonyms: fail, emanate, expose, lose
  • Usage in a Sentence: Since I am practising harder, I know this time I will surpass last year’s exam score.

4. Word: Absurd (विसंगति)

  • Pronunciation: ab-surd/ ऐब्सर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate. (Adjective)
    b. an absurd state of affairs. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical
  • Antonyms: reasonable, sensible, logical, serious
  • Usage in a Sentence: The Trump administration is taking this argument to an absurd and cruel extreme.
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5. Word: Veteran (अनुभवी)

  • Pronunciation:vet-er-uh n /वेट्रन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who has had long experience in a particular field.
  • Synonyms: experienced, skilled
  • Antonyms: amateur, jejune
  • Use in a Sentence: She is a veteran campaigner for human rights.

6. Word: Mull (विचार करना)

  • Pronunciation: muhl/मल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. think about (something) deeply and at length.
  • Synonyms: ponder, contemplate
  • Antonyms: ignore, disregard
  • Usage in Sentence: I need some time to mull it over before making a decision.

7. Word: Slum (अविपंक/गंदी बस्ती)

  • Pronunciation: sluhm/स्लम
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. Often slums. a thickly populated, run-down, squalid part of a city, inhabited by poor people (Noun)
    b. any squalid, run-down place to live (Noun)
    c. to visit slums, especially from curiosity (Verb)
    d. to visit or frequent a place, group, or amusement spot considered to be low in social status (Verb)
  • Synonyms: hovel, dump, pigsty, ghetto
  • Usage in a sentence: Did you feel you were slumming by writing this kind of popular fiction?

8. Word: Raze (ढहाना)

  • Pronunciation: reyz/ रेज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: completely destroy (a building, town, or other settlement)
  • Synonyms: demolish, destroy, wreck, bulldoze, dismantle, devastate
  • Antonyms: construct, raise, make, erect
  • Usage in a Sentence: The developer razed the old school building and built a high-rise condominium complex.

9. Word: Ostensibly (काल्पनिक रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: o-sten-suh-buh l/ ओस्तेंसिब्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently
  • Synonyms: apparently, seemingly, allegedly, superficially
  • Antonyms: truly, improbably, unlikely
  • Usage in a SentenceOstensibly he was on a business trip, but he spent most of the time on the beach.

10. Word: Dissent (असम्मत होनाअसम्मति)

  • Pronunciation: dih-sent/डिसेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. hold or express opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held. [Verb]
    b. the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: conflict, disagree, protest
  • Antonyms: agree, assent, agreement
  • Usage in a sentence: Voices of dissent began to rise against the bombing.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Veteran 
  • Ponder
  • Stoke
  • Dissent
  • Slumming

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordAntonym
1conflictamateur
2excelreasonable
3inflamefail
4preposterousextinguish
5experiencedagreement

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Sahi Prep Hai Toh Life Set Hai

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

write a comment
Medha Tyagi
1. conflict = agreement
2. excel = fail
3. inflame = extinguish
4. preposterous = reasonable
5. experienced = amateur
Gunjan  Gupta
Conflict :::: agreement
Excel ::: fail
Inflame :::: extinguish
Preposterous :: reasonable
Experienced ::: amateur
Surendra Maurya Surendra Maurya
Excel= fail
Inflame = extinguish= reasonable
experienced = amateur
conflict = agreement
Shiva N

Shiva NAug 4, 2021

Conflict × agreement --> dissent
Excel × fail --> surpass
Inflame × extinguish --> stoke
Preposterous × reasonable --> absurd
Experienced × amateur --> veteran
...Read More
Chan Doraemi
Why government do not fully eradicate the slum areas in the outskirts of cities and towns. I mull on the fact what if authority provide better infrastructure for the slum people life would be so much better. Ghettos are unhygienic, sordid, congested and sometimes illegal too. It's not only stoked with paupers but also illegal immigrants. There are many slum areas near the peripheral region of towns, cities that also aggravate the aesthetic value. Authority fully neglect the hovel like a dump yard. This matter was raised numerous times before but there were no significant action. Many NGOs, veterans social workers contribute in the upliftment and show dissent towards the ineptitude response and moreover there's a certain limit of everything uptil which one gets fed up raising voices. Considering, slum as the most neglected part of our society, it's development is as important as upheaval of country's economy.
...Read More

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