Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 2nd December 2020

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : December 2nd, 2020

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’.

Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Closer to punishment: On Tahawwur Rana's role in 26/11 attacks

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Emerge (निकलना, उभर कर आना)

  • Pronunciation: ih-murj/इमर्ज 
  • Part of Speech:  Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. move out of or away from something and become visible.
    b. become apparent or prominent.
  • Synonyms: come out, appear
  • Antonyms: disappear, fade
  • Use in a Sentence: On the contrary, the Government will emerge from this crucible of fire even stronger. 

2. Word: Dastardly (क्रूर)

  • Pronunciation: das-terd-lee/ डैस्टर्ड्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: evil and cruel.
  • Synonyms: vile, mean, low, cowardly
  • Antonyms: honourable, respectable, worthy
  • Usage in a Sentence: Let's suppose someone was dastardly enough to harbour such thoughts.

 3Word: Evade (बचना)

  • Pronunciation: ih-veyd/ इवेड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: escape or avoid (someone or something), especially by guile or trickery.
  • Synonyms: avoid, escape, circumvent
  • Antonyms: accept, confront, take on
  • Usage in a Sentence: If you try to evade paying your taxes you risk going to prison.

4. Word: Extradition (प्रत्यर्पण)

  • Pronunciation: ek-struh-dish-uh n/ एक्स्ट्रडिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of extraditing (handing over) a person accused or convicted of a crime.
  • Synonyms: deportation, banishment, expatriation
  • Antonyms: repatriation
  • Usage in a sentence: The new government will seek the extradition of the suspected terrorists.

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5. Word: Acquit (दोषमुक्‍त करना)

  • Pronunciationuh-kwit/ अक्विट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning
    a. free (someone) from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty.
    b. conduct oneself or perform in a specified way.
  • Synonyms: absolve, exonerate, clear, excuse
  • Antonyms: condemn, accuse, convict, denounce
  • Usage in a sentence: The judge directed the jury to acquit all the defendants.

6. Word: Commute (आदान प्रदान करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-myoot/कम्यूट
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. to change (a prison sentence or other penalty) to a less severe one (Verb)
    b. to exchange for another or for something else; give and take reciprocally; interchange (Verb)
    c. to travel regularly over some distance, as from a suburb into a city and back (verb)
    d. a trip made by commuting (Noun)
  • Synonyms: exchange, change, transpose, shuttle, transport
  • Antonyms: keep, remain, hold, stay
  • Usage in a sentence: It's exhausting to commute from Brighton to London every day.

7. Word:  Collusion (अभिसंधि)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-loo-zhuhn /कलूश़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning - secret or illegal cooperation or conspiracy in order to deceive others
  • Synonyms - complicity, deceit
  • Antonyms - honesty
  • Usage in a sentence- The collusion between the two oil companies is being investigated by the justice department.

8. Word: Accentuate (अधिक सुस्पष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: ak-sen-choo-eyt/ ऐक्सेन्चूऐट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make more noticeable or prominent.
  • Synonyms: highlight, emphasize
  • Antonyms: degrade, belittle
  • Usage in a Sentence: The director uses music to accentuate the rising dramatic tension.

9. Word: Apprehend (पकड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: ap-ri-hend/ऐप्रिहेन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. arrest (someone) for a crime
    b. understand or perceive
  • Synonyms: comprehend, arrest
  • Antonyms: misunderstand, misinterpret, release
  • Usage in a sentence: A warrant was issued but he has not been apprehended.

10. Phrase: Modus Operandi ( कार्य-प्रणाली)

  • Pronunciationmoh-duh s op-uh-ran-dee/ मोडुस ओपेरान्डी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a particular way or method of doing something
    b. the way in which something operates or works
  • Synonyms: method, way, procedure
  • Usage in a Sentence: Every killer has his own special modus operandi.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Acquit
  • Commuted
  • Collusion
  • Modus operandi
  • Accentuate

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 method cruel
2 degrade take on
3 shuttle belittle
4 confront procedure
5 vile transport

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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