Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 02nd August 2021

By Nilanjan Paul|Updated : August 2nd, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware. 

In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc. That could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Serving beauty

Important Words from the Article

1. WordRely on (भरोसा करना)

  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb
  • Meaning:
    a. depend on or derive support from someone or something
  • Synonyms: depend, count
  • Usage in a sentence: They have learned to rely on each other for support.

2. Word: Anticipation (अग्रदृष्टि)

  • Pronunciation: an-tis-uh-pey-shuh n/ऐन्टिसपैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 

         a. the action of anticipating something; expectation or prediction.

  • Synonyms: hope, forethought, apprehension
  • Antonyms: amazement, surprise, astonishment
  • Use in Sentence: We look forward to your lecture with eager anticipation.

 3Word: Fraudulently (धोखे से)

  • Pronunciation: fro-du-lent-li/ फ्रॉडूलन्ट्ली
  • Part of Speech: adverb
  • Meaning: in a way that involves deception, especially criminal deception.
  • Synonyms:  dishonest, cheating, corruptillegalunlawfulillicit
  • Antonyms: moral, honest, sincere, frank
  • Use in a Sentence: Hoping to get millions from the insurance company, the man-made the fraudulent claim that he had been seriously injured in the accident.

4. Word: Doyen (वरिष्‍ठ,दल के उच्च सदस्य)

  • Pronunciation: doi-en/डॉइइन
  • Part of speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the oldest, most experienced, and often most respected person of all the people involved in a particular type of work
  • Synonyms: dean, elder, master, senior
  • Usage in a sentence: The doyen of high fashion and the lion of the labor movement were not quite such an odd couple after all.

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5. Word: Echelon (विभाग)

  • Pronunciation: esh-uh-lon/एशलान
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a particular level or group of people within an organization such as an army or company (Noun)
    b.a special arrangement of soldiers, aircraft, or ships
  • Synonyms: rank, level, grade, class
  • Antonyms: unemployment
  • Usage in a sentence: These salary increases will affect only the highest echelons of local government.

6. Word: Tardy (मंदा)

  • Pronunciation: taar-di / टार्डी
  • Part of Speech: adjective
  • Meaning: delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time
  • Synonyms: late, delay, slow, sluggish
  • Antonyms: early, on-time, prompt, punctual
  • Use in a Sentence: I missed my train because I was tardy in arriving to the metro, forcing me to wait for the next one. 

7. Word: Horde (झुंड)

  • Pronunciation: होर्ड/hawrd
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a large group of people 
  • Synonyms - crowd, swarm, throng, group, bunch
  • Antonyms - little, portion, bit
  • Usage in a sentence - In India, all major metros witnessed hordes of people lining up at Apple stores to get iPhone X.

8. Word: Grandstand (दिखावटी)

  • Pronunciationgran-stand, grand-/ ग्रैन्ड्स्टैन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: seek to attract applause or favourable attention from spectators or the media.
  • Synonyms: demagogy, cockiness, flamboyance
  • Usage in a Sentence: Politicians will grandstand about remaking finance.

9. Word: Disproportionate (असम)

  • Pronunciation: dis-pruh-pawr-shuh-nit /डिस्प्रपॉर्शनिट 
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. too large or too small in comparison to something else
    b. not deserving its importance or influence
  • Synonyms: inordinate, unequal, undue
  • Antonyms: equal, proportionate, commensurate, balanced
  • Usage in a sentence: There is a disproportionate distribution of wealth across the economic classes.

10. Word: Nominal (संज्ञात्मक)

  • Pronunciationnom-uh-nl/ नामनल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. (of a role or status) existing in name only.
    b. (of a price or charge) very small; far below the real value or cost.
    c. (of a quantity or dimension) stated or expressed but not necessarily corresponding exactly to the real value.
  • Synonyms: titular, nominative, symbolic, honorary
  • Antonyms: real, significant, actual, important
  • Usage in a Sentence: The charity pays a nominal sum to lease the premises.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Grandstand
  • Nominal
  • Doyen
  • Echelon
  • Rely on

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1titularflamboyance
2equalillegal
3illicitslow
4sluggishproportionate
5demagogysymbolic

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

Sahi Prep Hai Toh Life Set Hai

Posted by:

 Nilanjan Paul Nilanjan PaulMember since Feb 2020
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Comments

write a comment
Gunjan  Gupta
Titular::::: symbolic
Equal:::: proportionate
Illicit:::: illegal
Sluggish:::::slow
Demagogy :::::flamboyance
Shiva N

Shiva NAug 2, 2021

Titular - symbolic ---> Nominal
Equal - proportionate
Illicit - illegal ---> fraudulently
Sluggish - slow ---> tardy
Demagogy - flamboyance ---> grandstand
...Read More
Chan Doraemi
The product's selling point was solely relied on the grandstand marketing. The marketing echelon over expressed the intricate details in a very grandeur manner which hyped up the product value. But little did we know, it was as nominal as other products were. Customers presented their harsh reviews. The doyen of the head company was cut up due to the poor performances.
...Read More

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