Roots of English (Part III): Best way to learn new vocabulary each day!

By Gaurav Singh Bhadouria|Updated : May 25th, 2020

Dear Readers,

Here we are with the 3rd session of the topic Roots of English.  Before taking a plunge into it lets take a quick recap of the introduction of the topic; 

In English lexicon, a root is a word or a portion of a word from which other words grow. This is supplemented by the addition of a prefix or a suffix. Learning a root word can help you learn new words, enhance vocabulary and may help you become proficient in spoken English.

Most of the English words have Greek or Latin origin. The other root languages for English lexicon are  FRENCH and GERMAN. 

Let us explore some more of these root words which are most frequently used in English.

 

CASE 1

ROOT word: BEL or BELLI 

Meaning: WAR, FIGHT, RESISTANCE, OPPOSES

Now with the help of this one root, you can come out with a number of English words. Such as,

BELLIC----warlike

BELLICISM---- The policy or practice of resorting to war even when it is not necessary and is avoidable.

BELLICIST---- Adherent of bellicism, an advocate of war, one who is war-centered or war-oriented.

BELLICOSE---- having or showing a ready disposition to fight

BELLIGERENT----hostile ready to fight

BELLICOSITY---- a natural disposition to fight

BELLIGERATI---- Literary people, authors — literati — who promote wars of aggression.

BELLIGERENCY---- fighting; acts of overt warfare

REBEL----person who opposes and fights

REBELLIOUS---- resisting control or authority

REBELLER---- One who rebels or opposes

Synonyms ----Aggressive, Pugnacious, Combative, Insurrectionist, Insurgent.

Antonyms ----Affable, Amiable, Amicable.

CASE 2

ROOT word: APO or APHO

Meaning: away, off, separate, without, absent, loss, regret, lack.

Now with the help of this one root, you can come out with a number of English words. Such as,

APHOBIA----Fearlessness, a lack of fear.

APHONIC---- being without sound through injury or illness and thus incapable of all but whispered Speech.

APHONOUS---- Without a voice, voiceless.

APHORISM---- a short expression of a general truth.

APOLOGETIC---- expressing of regret.

APOLOGETICISM---- An instance use of an expression of regret.

APOLOGIAN---- one who regrets.

APOGEOTROPIC---- Bending away from the ground.

APOSEMATIC COLORATION---- conspicuous colouration or markings of an animal serving to warn off Predators.

APOSTROPHE---- address to an absent or imaginary person

APOSTROPHIZE---- use an apostrophe to address to an absence.

SYNONYMS---- APOTHEGM, EXCUSE.

Perhaps, the best way to deal with “Anglophobia” is to familiarise yourself with the English language in the most systematic way. Become acquainted with good grammar and vocabulary and ace the language. We wind up our article here. Hope it served its purpose well. We shall soon be back with another session on the same topic.

We hope you found this article helpful. Feel free to share your doubts and queries related to 'Verb' in the Comment section.

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