Quick Revision: Ramsar Sites

By Sudheer Kumar K|Updated : August 16th, 2021

In this Quick Revision Prelims 2021 Series, we will be discussing important topics in exam point of view. In this blog, we'll study about Ramsar Convention and all the latest Indian sites added to the Ramsar list of Wetlands

Table of Content

Convention on Wetlands

  • The Convention on Wetlands is the intergovernmental treaty, which provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
  • The Convention was adopted in the city of Ramsar, Iran by the UNESCO in 1971
  • Ramsar Convention came into force in 1975
  • The secretariat of Ramsar convention is located in Gland, Switzerland.
  • As of July 2021, there 171 “contracting parties”/countries acceded the Convention.
  • 2424 wetlands were identified across the world as wetlands of International importance.

Ramsar Sites in India

  • India entered the convention on 1 February 1982.
  • Currently, India has 42 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 1,081,438 hectares.
  • The following new sites were added in 2020:
    • The Tso Kar Wetland Complex (Ladhak)
    • Lonar Lake (Maharashtra)
    • Sur Sarovar (Uttar Pradesh)
    • Asan Barrage (Uttarakhand)
    • Kanwar Lake (Bihar)
    • Sunderban Reserve Forest (West Bengal)

S. No. 

Ramsar Site

State/Territory

1

Ashtamudi Wetland

Kerala

2

Beas Conservation Reserve

Punjab

3

Bhitarkanika Mangroves

Odisha

4

Bhoj Wetlands

Madhya Pradesh

5

Chandra Taal

Himachal Pradesh

6

Chilika Lake

Odisha

7

Deepor Beel

Assam

8

East Kolkata Wetlands

West Bengal

9

Harike Wetlands

Punjab

10

Hokera Wetland

Jammu & Kashmir

11

Kanjli Wetland

Punjab

12

Keoladeo National Park

Rajasthan

13

Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve

Punjab

14

Kolleru lake

Andhra Pradesh

15

Loktak lake

Manipur

16

Nalsarovar Bird sanctuary

Gujarat

17

Nandur Madhameshwar

Maharashtra

18

Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary

Punjab

19

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

20

Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

21

Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary

Tamil Nadu

22

Pong Dam lake

Himachal Pradesh

23

Renuka lake

Himachal Pradesh

24

Ropar Wetland

Punjab

25

Rudrasagar Lake

Tripura

26

Saman Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

27

Samaspur Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

28

Sambhar lake 

Rajasthan

29

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

30

Sarsai Nawar Jheel

Uttar Pradesh

31

Sasthamkotta lake

Kerala

32

Surinsar- Mansar lakes

Jammu & Kashmir

33

Tsomoriri

Ladakh

34

Upper Ganga river

Uttar Pradesh

35

Vembanad Kol Wetland

Kerala

36

Wular lake

Jammu & Kashmir

37

Sunderban Wetland

West Bengal

38

Asan Barrage

Uttarakhand

39

Kanwar Lake or Kabal Taal

Bihar

40

Lonar Lake

Maharashtra

41

Sur Sarovar

Uttar Pradesh

42

Tso Kar Wetland Complex

Ladakh

43

Thol 

Gujarat

44

Wadhwana

Gujarat

45

 Sultanpur Haryana

46

 BhindawasHaryana

Wetlands

  • Wetlands are one of the most productive ecosystems in the world and essential for human survival.
  • It is a place where the land is covered by salty or freshwater.
  • Examples of Wetlands: Swamps, Marshes, Ponds, the edge of lake or ocean, River mouths and Deltas etc.
  • Wetlands are rich in biodiversity- various species of mammals, birds, fishes and invertebrates.

Significance of Wetlands

  • Provisioning Services
    • Fresh water- water filtration
    • Food for humans- support the cultivation of crops like rice
  • Cultural Services
    • Scientific and educational
  • Regulating Services
    • Hazard reduction- storm protection, flood control etc.
    • Maintenance of hydrological regimes

Threats to Wetlands

  • Natural system modifications
  • Climate change & severe weather
  • Invasive and other problematic species and genes
  • Pollution

Montreux Record 

  • The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the Ramsar List (of Wetlands of International Importance) where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.
  • It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
  • At present, there are 2 Indian Ramsar sites registered in Montreux Record. They are:
    1. Loktak Lake, Manipur
    2. Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan
  • Montreux Record serves as a key mechanism for management and conservation of important wetland sites from the harmful effects of human interventions.

Posted by:

Sudheer Kumar KSudheer Kumar KMember since Sep 2020
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Kanchan Kumari
Sir iska hindi kar dijye
Varun

VarunJul 20, 2021

Very nice
Varun

VarunJul 20, 2021

Mam iska Hindi Kar dijiye

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