What is a Precis Writing?
In simple terms, a Precis is a shortening of a text to get the essence in fewer words. You are supposed to describe as accurately and briefly as possible the substance or main ideas contained in a text. Precis writing is a wonderful skill that will be useful throughout your life, whether you are writing emails or writing official letters, business letters, etc. Once you start practicing it, you will get the habit to cut out the roundabout verbiage and state describing the idea in lesser words thus keeping your reader focused.
Precis Writing Format
The following are a few features of precis writing. Keep these points in mind while preparing for this exam. These are as follows:
- It is about 1/3rd of the Original Passage
- Doesn’t contain any example, illustrations of the Original Passage
- Is written in standard English without using the shortcuts
- States the original idea and cut-out all unimportant details
Precis Writing Rules for RBI Grade B Exam 2023
Candidates must follow the following rules to understand and practice precise writing for the forthcoming RBI Grade B exam.
- You can read the given passage minimum two times for better understanding.
- Keep making the note of the gist or the central theme in a few words.
- Underline and highlight the important keywords while reading the passage.
- Practice writing the Précis. Kindly took a note that a Précis need not be summarized exactly line by line.
- The main idea of the passage needs to be understood and then according to the demand summarize it.
- Write the precis in your own words. Remember this point.
- Always adhere to the given word limit. If no such limit is provided, limit it to one-third of the given passage.
- Specifically, this section tests your writing skills. Avoid any type of grammatical error, spelling mistake etc.
- Kindly, understand there is no need to give your opinion in précis writing.
- Finally, you can solve previous years papers for better understanding.
Last year, there were only 3 questions in the English Descriptive paper which were to be completed in 90 minutes. You can check here the distribution of marks.
Precis Writing For RBI Grade B Exam
Now we will share how you should approach Precis writing. You should always read the passage at least twice. Read it generally the first time to get to know the gist or central idea of the passage. In your second read, underline/or note down the important points. Please note that the precis is not a line-by-line summary of the passage but a summary of the passage as a whole. You should use your own words while writing the precis.
Point to Avoid For Precis Writing
We all know what to do and how to approach this section. However, it is much more important to focus on what not to:
- Usually, a word limit will be given. However, you should stick to the 1/3rd rule, i.e. do not use more than 1/3rd of the words of the original passage.
- Writing beyond the prescribed limit will result in negative marking.
- No spelling mistakes – use alternate words if you are not sure of the spellings
- An ideal passage as per RBI questions should be completed in 1 paragraph only.
- Do not try to summarize line by line
- Do not give your opinion
- Should not include the examples or illustrations
Precis Writing Example For RBI Grade B Exam
We will now give you a sample precis on the topic MPC of RBI and our source would be the article published in The Hindu.
The monetary policy committee (MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India decided to hold interest rates at 6 percent for the third consecutive policy meeting as it sees retail inflation gaining momentum. Five of the six members of the MPC voted in favor of keeping the rate unchanged, while one member, M.D. Patra wanted a rate hike of 25 bps. While holding rates, the central bank said the stance of the policy remained neutral.
The decision comes after the consumer price index (CPI) inflation hit a 17-month high of 5.21 percent in December. At its review meeting on Wednesday, the RBI increased its inflation forecast for Q4 to 5.1 percent, compared to 4.3-4.7 percent for the second half.
“Domestic pump prices of petrol and diesel rose sharply in January, reflecting lagged pass-through of the past increases in international crude oil prices. Considering these factors, inflation is now estimated at 5.1 percent in Q4, including the HRA impact,” the RBI said.
Assuming a normal monsoon, the CPI inflation for 2018-19 is estimated in the range of 5.1-5.6 percent in H1, including diminishing statistical HRA impact of the Central government employees, and 4.5-4.6 percent in H2, with risks tilted to the upside, the RBI said.
Gross Value Added (GVA) growth for 2017-18 is projected at 6.6 percent and for 2018-19 it is projected at 7.2 percent.
The RBI said the fiscal slippage as indicated in the Union Budget could impinge on the inflation outlook. “Apart from the direct impact on inflation, fiscal slippage has broader macro-financial implications, notably on economy-wide costs of borrowing, which have already started to rise. This may feed into inflation.”
Total Words in the Original Passage - 280
We will now share the sample Precis. We will stick to the word limit of 170.
Keeping the stance neutral and rising inflation, the Monetary Policy Committee of the Reserve Bank of India kept the interest rates unchanged at 6%. RBI increased its inflation forecast to 5.1% for Q4. The RBI forecasted CPI inflation for 2018-19 between 5.1-5.6% during H1 and between 4.5-4.6% during H2 of 2018-19 assuming normal monsoon and diminishing HRA impact. GVA is projected at 6.6% and 7.2% for the years 2017-18 and 2018-19 respectively. The inflation could rise to keep in mind the fiscal slippages as indicated in the Union Budget.
Total words used in the Precis – 88.
Though the word limit is 170, we have to follow the rule of 1/3rd.
As discussed, this article forms part of our series of RBI Grade B. We will keep sharing more in the coming days. Wish you all the best in your examinations. If you have any doubts, please let us know in the comments.
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