Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana: Know All Details Here

By Shubham Verma|Updated : August 10th, 2020

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana has been launched by Central Government with an aim to provide assured income support to the small and marginal farmers. The PM-KISAN was launched on 24 February 2019. The Scheme is in effect from 01 December 2018. PM-KISAN will provide additional income to the most vulnerable farmer families, and also meet their emergent needs especially before the harvest season.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana

The objective of PM-KISAN Scheme:

  • Declining prices of agricultural commodities in the Domestic and International market and fall in food inflation in India since 2017-18, therefore reduced the income from farming.
  • To provide income support for procuring inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, equipment, labour, and other needs.
  • This scheme would Protect them from Falling in the hand of Moneylenders for meeting such expenses and ensure their continuance in the farming activities.


  • PM-Kisan is a Central Sector Scheme where 100% of funding provided by the Government of India.
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare will implement the PM-Kisan Scheme
  • It has become effective from 01 December 2018.
  • The beneficiary will get income support of 6,000/- rupees per year in three equal installments of 2000/- each will be provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined landholding/ownership of up to 2 hectares.
  • The definition of family for the PM-KISAN scheme includes husband, wife, and minor children.
  • Identification of the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme identified by State Government and UT administration.
  • The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts through DBT to the beneficiaries.
  • PM-Kisan aims to supplement the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs) in procuring various inputs to Seeds, Fertilizer, ensure proper crop health, and it would also meet their emergent needs especially before the harvest season.
  • Around twelve crores, small and marginal farmer families are expected to benefit from PM-KISAN Scheme.
  • All Institutional Landholders.
  • Farmer families belong to one or more of the following categories:
  1. Former and present holders of constitutional posts.
  2. Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present MP of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils, former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
  3. All employees of Central Government/ State Government Ministries /Offices/DepartmentsAll serving or retired officers and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies
  4. All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs.10,000/- rupees or more
  5. Income Tax paid by those Persons in the last assessment year.
  6. Architects registered with Professional bodies and professionals like Engineers, Doctors, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.

The benefit of MP-KISAN Scheme:

  • Income support will reduce Rural Poverty and Hunger.
  • Income can be used for the immediate repayment of loans.
  • It will help in buying better equipment and tools for increasing yield and increase investment in agricultural inputs.
  • It can help farmers to overcome credit constraints and manage risk.
  • It will help in Doubling Farmer's income by 2022.
  • The scheme is implemented through Direct Benefit Transfer there


  • PM-KISAN doesn't cover Landless Laborers/Tenants/Sharecroppers.
  • Due to the lack of proper tenancy records, it will also benefit the absentee landlords. Lack of coordination between the registration department, revenue department, and survey department could be detrimental in implementing.
  • It doesn't try to solve the actual issue leading to distress because cash transfer is neither a substitute for the structural reforms needed in agriculture nor does it adequately reduce the farmer for the risks and uncertainty of crop cultivation.
  • As it is mandatory to get Aadhar linked for Direct Benefit Transfer for Cash Transfer so Aadhar linking another obstacle.
  • May lead to fragmentation of land in order to avail the benefits of the scheme.

Other Income Support Scheme by State Government:


Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation (KALIA) scheme launched by Odisha Government. This scheme involves payment to encourage cultivation and associated activities.

Rythu Bandhu Scheme

It is a Farmer investment support scheme for landholding farming community, being implemented by the State of Telangana.

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