Matter and its properties(mass, weight etc)and specific gravity, Archimedes principle, Motion, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton's Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Force Parallelogram, Stability and Body Equilibrium, Gravity, Elementary Work Ideas, Power and Energy. Heat effects, temperature and heat measurement, state change and latent heat, heat transfer modes. Rectilinear light, reflection and refraction propagation. Spherical mirrors and human eye lenses. Natural and artificial magnets, a magnet's properties, earth as a magnet. Electricity, Ohm's Law, conductors and non-conductors, Simple Electrical Circuits, Current Heating, Lighting and Magnetic Effects, Electrical Power Measurement, Primary and Secondary Cells, X-Ray Use.Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Telegraph, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone,, Microscope, Mariner's Compass.
Changes in physical and chemical conditions. Chemical Combination Law. Air and water properties.Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide preparation and properties, oxidation and reduction. Acids, bases, salts, etc. Carbon— various forms. Fertilizers— Artificial and Natural. The material used in the preparation of substances such as Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Gun-Powder and Safety Matches. Basic ideas on Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights structure, Valence.
Living and non-living differences. Life basis — cells, protoplasms, tissues. Plant and animal growth and reproduction. Human Body's basic knowledge and its important organs. Common epidemics, causes and prevention of them. Food — man's energy source. Food constituents, balanced diet. The Meteors and Comets Solar System, Eclipses. Eminent Scientists ' achievements.
A comprehensive survey of Indian History, focusing on culture and civilization.
Freedom movement. Indian Constitution and Administration elementary study. The basic knowledge of India's Five Year Plans. Panchayati Raj, Community Development Co-operatives. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, Mahatma Gandhi's Basic Teachings, National Integration and Welfare State. Modern world forces; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; American Independence War. French Revolution, Russian Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. Impact on society of science and technology. One World Concept, UN, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism. India's role in today's world.
The shape and size of the Earth. Lattitudes, Longitudes, Time Concept. Date-Line International. Earth's movements and effects.
Earth's origin. Rocks and their classification; mechanical and chemical weathering, earthquakes and volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and their composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation 23 and Precipitation; Climate Types, World's Major Natural Regions.
India's regional geography— climate, natural vegetation. Resources for minerals and power; location and distribution of agricultural and industrial activities. Important seaports and major seaports, land and air routes