Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana
On June 25, 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana, a major mission of the Indian government, was inaugurated by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA). By 2022, as the country celebrates 75 years of independence, the Mission aims to resolve the urban housing crisis among the EWS/LIG and MIG categories, including slum dwellers, by ensuring a pucca dwelling for all qualified urban households.
About Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana
- The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Urban (PMAY-U) and Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Rural (PMAY-U) for urban and rural areas, respectively, were created to meet the goal of "Housing for All by 2022."
The scheme's five-year period ends in 2020, and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoH & UA) has received verified demand for about 1.12 crore dwellings under PMAY (U).
The foundations for 65 lakh houses have been laid out of the total demands received by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoH & UA), and 3.5 million dwellings have been built and handed to recipients across the country.
- Launched Restructured Rural Housing Scheme called Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) on 20 November 2016, with the goal of achieving the objective of "Housing for all by the year 2022" Was done. In this plan, the target was to build 2.95 crore houses with all basic facilities in rural areas.
- It is noteworthy that under this, construction work of 1.10 crore houses has been completed, which includes the housing of 1.46 lakh landless beneficiaries under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G).
- Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs), a sub-scheme of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Urban, have been launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (PMAY-U). This will make it easier for urban migrants and the underprivileged in the industrial and non-formal urban economies to find decent, inexpensive rental homes close to their jobs.
- The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched the Global Housing Technology Challenge - India (GHTC-India), which aims to identify and mainstream a basket of innovative construction technologies for the housing construction sector that is sustainable, eco-friendly, and disaster-resistant from around the world.
CLSS Awas Portal (CLAP) is a web-based monitoring system that connects all stakeholders, including the MoHUA, Central Nodal Agencies, Primary Lending Institutions, Beneficiaries, and Citizens, in real-time setting. The portal makes it easier for applicants to submit applications and for recipients to track their subsidy status. The CLSS tracker is also available in the PMAY(U) mobile app and the UMANG platform.
The Mission is responsible for the entire urban area, which includes Statutory Towns, Notified Planning Areas, Development Authorities, Special Area Development Authorities, Industrial Development Authorities, and any other authority entrusted with the functions of urban planning and regulation under State legislation. All PMAY(U) residences have basic utilities such as a toilet, running water, electricity, and a kitchen. The Mission promotes women empowerment by providing the ownership of houses in name of female member or in joint name. Preference is also given to differently abled persons, senior citizens, SCs, STs, OBCs, Minority, single women, transgender and other weaker & vulnerable sections of the society. A PMAY(U) house ensures dignified living along with sense of security and pride of ownership to the beneficiaries.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a reversal of urban migration and poverty in the country. To save money on housing, urban migrants live in slums, informal settlements, unauthorized colonies, and peri-urban locations. This will make it easier for urban migrants and the underprivileged in the industrial and non-formal urban economies to find decent, inexpensive rental homes close to their jobs.
- The Central/State Government would provide incentives to public/private entities for establishing and operating ARHCs, including increased FAR/FSI, income tax and GST exemption. Within 30 days, a single window approval will be granted. Project financing at a reduced rate of interest Infrastructure to the project site, municipal services at residential rates, and modifications to use permissions for unoccupied land.
Urban migrants/poor from EWS/LIG categories, such as street vendors, rickshaw pullers, and other service providers, industrial workers, as well as migrants working with market/trade associations, educational/health institutions, the hospitality sector, and long-term residents, are eligible for ARHCs.
- MoHUA has provisioned for an additional grant in the form of Technology Innovation Grant (TIG) under TSM for the project using innovative & alternate technology for speedier, sustainable, resource-efficient, and disaster-resilient construction. TIG of Rs. 1,00,000/- per dwelling unit in case of a double bedroom (upto 60 sqm carpet area), Rs. 60,000/- per Dwelling Unit (up to 30 sqm carpet area) in case of single bedroom and Rs. 20,000 per Dormitory Bed (upto 10 sqm carpet area) shall be released by MoHUA to entities through BMTPC.
TIG will be applicable only for projects using innovative and alternate technologies and sanctioned during the PMAY(U) Mission period (March 2022) and completed within 18 months after getting all statutory approvals.
CLSS Awas Portal (CLAP):
CLSS Awas Portal (CLAP) is a web-based monitoring system that connects all stakeholders, including the MoHUA, Central Nodal Agencies, Primary Lending Institutions, Beneficiaries, and Citizens, in a real-time setting. The portal makes it easier for applicants to submit applications and for recipients to track their subsidy status. The CLSS tracker is also available in the PMAY(U) mobile app and the UMANG platform.