PIB analysis from 29th August to 4th September, 2020

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : September 6th, 2020

PIB Analysis is one of the important source of Current Affairs for the UPSC IAS exam as well as other other State Services Examinations like UPPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, OPSC, GPSC, RPSC, WBPSC and so on. The major highlights of this week's PIB Analysis are- Mission Karamyogi, Global Innovation Index and INDRA naval exercise 2020 etc.

PIB analysis from 29th August to 4th September, 2020

Poshan Maah


Recently, in his latest address of Mann ki Baat, the Prime Minister noted that the month of September will be observed as Poshan Maah- Nutrition month. 


  • The mental and intellectual development is directly related to the quality of our food intake. 
  • The nutrition and proper nourishment play a big role in helping children and students to attain their optimum potential and to show their mettle.
  • The nutrition merely does not only imply eating but getting essential nutrients like salts, vitamins etc.
  • The schools have been integrated into this mass movement with efforts being made to ensure competitions for children to increase nutrition awareness.
  • India is endowed with a lot of diversity in food and drink, it is very important that according to the season of a particular region, a well-balanced & nutrient rich diet plan should be drafted to include  local food grains, fruits and the vegetables cultivated there. 
  • An ‘Agricultural Fund of India’ is being created that will have complete information about the crops that are grown in each district and their related nutritional value.


CSIR-CMERI develops World’s Largest Solar Tree


CSIR-CMERI has developed the World’s Largest Solar Tree, which is installed at CSIR-CMERI Residential Colony, Durgapur.

About the Solar Tree

  • The Solar Tree has been designed in a manner to ensure maximum exposure of each Solar PV Panel to Sunlight and also creation of the least amount of shadow area beneath. 
  • There are a total of 35 Solar PV Panels in each tree with a capacity of 330 wp each. 
  • The energy generation data can be monitored either real-time or on a daily basis.
  • The Solar Trees were designed in a manner to ensure minimum Shadow Area, thus potentially making these Solar Trees available for widespread usage in Agricultural activities such as High Capacity Pumps, e-Tractors and e-Power Tillers.
  • TheseSolar Trees can be aligned with Agriculture for substituting price-volatile fossil fuels. 
  • Each Solar Tree has the potential to save 10-12 tons of CO2 emissions being released into the atmosphere as Greenhouse Gases when compared with fossil fuel fired energy generation.Besides, the surplus generated power can be fed into an Energy Grid.
  • The solar tree has the capability to incorporate IOT based features, i.e. round-the-clock CCTV surveillance in agricultural fields, real-time humidity, wind speed, rainfall prediction and soil analytics sensors.


One-step laser-based fabrication of self-cleaning metallic surfaces


Scientists from International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI), have brought out a single-step method to develop super-hydrophobic functional surfaces that have the ability to repel water. 


  • Such surfaces do not allow water to cling long enough to evaporate and leave behind residue.
  • It is a robust, simple, fast, precise, and eco-friendly process and can be used to effectively fabricate robust super-hydrophobic surfaces and has high potential for large-scale application.
  • Currently, super-hydrophobic properties are achieved by developing rough surfaces and low surface free energy chemical coatings which are mostly two-step processes. 
  • The first step is to construct a rough surface by physical or chemical methods, and the second step involves chemical coatings of low surface free energy chemicals. 
  • However, these super-hydrophobic coating surfaces have many limitations, such as the use of fluorinated toxic reagent and poor mechanical stability.


Indian Astronomers discover one of the farthest Star galaxies in the universe


As a landmark achievement in Space missions, Indian Astronomers have discovered one of the farthest Star galaxies in the universe.


  • India’s first Multi-Wavelength Space Observatory "AstroSat" has detected extreme-UV light from a galaxy located 9.3 billion light-years away from Earth amd the galaxy called AUDFs01.
  • This discovery is a very important clue to how the dark ages of the Universe ended and there was light in the Universe. It is necessary to know when this started, but it has been very hard to find the earliest sources of light.


One Nation One Ration Card


Recently, the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has approved the integration of 2 Union Territories of Ladakh and Lakshadweep under the scheme “One Nation One Ration Card”.

About the scheme 

  • The ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ plan is an ambitious endeavour of the Government to ensure the delivery of food security entitlements to all beneficiaries covered under the National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA).
  • The scheme will be implemented in every part of the country with nation-wide portability of ration cards under the ongoing central sector scheme on ‘Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS)’ in association with all States/UTs.
  • Through this system, the migratory NFSA beneficiaries who frequently change their place of dwelling in search of temporary employments, etc. are now enabled with an option to lift their entitled quota of foodgrains from any Fair Price Shop (FPS) of their choice anywhere in the country by using their same/existing ration card with biometric/Aadhaar based authentication on an electronic Point of Sale (ePoS) device installed at the FPSs.


Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM)


Recently,  the Ministry of Power and New & Renewable Energy launched pan-India Green Term Ahead Market (GTAM) in electricity.

About Green Term Ahead Market

  • The introduction of GTAM platform would lessen the burden on RE-rich States and incentivize them to develop RE capacity beyond their own RPO. 
  • This would promote RE merchant capacity addition and help in achieving RE capacity addition targets of the country. 
  • GTAM platform will lead to increase in number of participants in renewable energy sector. 
  • It will benefit buyers of RE through competitive prices and transparent and flexible procurement. It will also benefit RE sellers by providing access to pan- India market
  • Green Term Ahead Market contracts will allow additional avenues to the RE generators for sale of renewable energy; enable Obligated entities to procure renewable power at competitive prices to meet their Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPO); and provide a platform to environmentally conscious open access consumers and utilities to buy green power.

Mission Karmayogi


Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved launching of a National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB) namely, Mission Karmayogi.

Salient Features

  • NPCSCB has been carefully designed to lay the foundations for capacity building for Civil Servants so that they remain entrenched in Indian Culture and sensibilities and remain connected, with their roots, while they learn from the best institutions and practices across the world. 
  • The Programme will be delivered by setting up an Integrated Government Online Training-iGOT Karmayogi Platform. 
  • Mission Karmayogi aims to prepare the Indian Civil Servant for the future by making him more creative, constructive, imaginative, innovative, proactive, professional, progressive, energetic, enabling, transparent and technology-enabled. Empowered with specific role-competencies, the civil servant will be able to ensure efficient service delivery of the highest quality standards.


  • Transition from 'Rules based' to 'Roles based’ HR Management.Aligning work allocation of civil servants.
  • 'On-site learning' to complement the ‘off-site’ learning.
  • Create an ecosystem of shared training infrastructure including that of learning materials, institutions and personnel.
  • Calibrate all Civil Service positions to a Framework of Roles, Activities and Competencies (FRACs) approach and to create and deliver learning content relevant to the identified FRACs in every Government entity.
  • Enable all the Central Ministries and Departments and their Organizations  to directly invest their resources towards co-creation  and sharing the collaborative and common ecosystem of learning through an annual financial subscription for every employee,


  • It is also proposed to set up a Capacity Building Commission, with a view to ensure a uniform approach in managing and regulating the capacity building ecosystem on collaborative and co-sharing basis.


Global Innovation Index


India has climbed 4 spots and has been ranked 48th in the Global Innovation Index 2020 rankings.

About Global Innovation Index

  • This index was released by the World Intellectual Property Organization.
  • India was at the 52nd position in 2019 and was ranked 81st in the year 2015. 
  • The WIPO had also accepted India as one of the leading innovation achievers of 2019 in the central and southern Asian region, as it has shown a consistent improvement in its innovation ranking for the last 5 years.


Indra Navy – 20


The 11th edition of exercise INDRA NAVY, a biennial bilateral maritime exercise between Indian Navy and Russian Navy is scheduled in the Bay of Bengal from 04 to 05 September 2020. 

About the exercise

  • It was initiated in 2003, Ex INDRA NAVY epitomises the long-term strategic relationship between the two Navies. 
  • The primary aim of exercise INDRA NAVY-20 is to further consolidate inter- operability built up by the two Navies over the years and also to enhance understanding and procedures for multi-faceted maritime operations. 
  • The scope of this edition includes wide-ranging and diverse activities across the spectrum of maritime operations. 
  • Due to restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, INDRA NAVY-20 would be undertaken in a ‘non-contact, at sea only’ format.
  • The Indian Navy will be represented by guided missile destroyer Ranvijay, indigenous frigate Sahyadri and fleet tanker Shakti, along with their integral helicopters.
  • The Russian Federation Navy will be represented by destroyer Admiral Vinogradov, destroyer Admiral Tributs and fleet tanker Boris Butoma of the Pacific Fleet, based at Vladivostok.
  • The exercise is aimed at enhancing interoperability, improving understanding and imbibing best practices between the two navies, and would involve surface and anti-aircraft drills, firing exercises, helicopter operations, seamanship evolutions etc.


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