Defence Current Affairs: Paris Climate Agreement

By Dhruv Kumar|Updated : December 4th, 2020


Joe Biden is elected as new President of the United States and has committed to return to the Paris agreement on climate change. Earlier, the Donald Trump administration officially withdrew from the Paris agreement. President Trump's administration officially withdrew from the Paris agreement, claiming that it would undermine the U.S. economy, one of the biggest in the world and responsible for nearly 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

Joe Biden has committed to rejoin the agreement in 77 and lead the country towards carbon neutrality by 2050. 

What is the Paris Agreement?

It agreement comes under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention and for the first time brings all nations into a single platform to undertake ambitious efforts to tackle the challenge of climate change, with developed nations support developing countries to do so. 


Status of ratification

On 4th November 2016, it entered into force, 30  days after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention responsible for at least 55 % of the total global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Depositary.

Aim of the Paris Agreement

  • Strengthen the countries response to the threat of climate change.
  • It aims to stop global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius from the pre-industrial levels and try to achieve the ambitious goal to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) were conceived at the Paris summit which requires each Party/nation to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve.
  • Paris Agreement replaced earlier agreement established to deal with the challenge of climate change, the Kyoto Protocol.
  • In the Paris agreement, there is no difference between developing and developed countries on the other hand in the Kyoto Protocol, there was a differentiation between both the categories of countries by clubbing them as Annex 1(developed) countries and non-Annex 1 (developing) country.


Image Source: ClimateRussia.RU

Efforts of India

  • We have achieved a reduction of 21% in the emission intensity of its GDP between 2005 and 2014, which fulfils its pre-2020 voluntary target.
  • Renewable energy installed capacity of India has increased by 226% in the last 5 years and stands more than 87 GW. 
  • More than 80 mn LPG connections have been provided to rural households under PM Ujjwala Yojana.
  • Government of India has distributed more than 360 million LED bulbs under the UJALA scheme, which has led to an energy saving of about 47 billion units of electricity per year and reduction of 38 mn tonnes of Cabon dioxide per year.
  • India has also jumped from Bharat Stage-IV (BS-IV) to Bharat Stage-VI (BS-VI) emission norms by April 1, 2020, which was earlier to be adopted by 2024.


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