The effectiveness of classroom communication depends on key factors- teacher, student, message, teaching method and media, and learning environment.
The principles of classroom communication are described under the following four headings:
Principles for Teachers
- Develop a Realistic Self Concept and a Perception About Surroundings: This includes analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the students, trying to know their potential and accepting the reality.
- Develop Proficiency in the Subject Matter: A teacher should always try to increase his knowledge. For this, the University Grants Commission (U.G.C) and other institutions sponsor short term courses from time to time. Due to which the confidence and teaching aptitude of the teacher increases. Teachers are also made aware of new teaching techniques.
- Understand the Learners: The teacher should try to get more information about the learners. This information can be about prior knowledge, learning styles, cognitive styles, motivational theories and interests, etc. The teacher must accept the fact that no two students are alike and cannot be treated equally.
- Effective Communication Skills: It includes all types of communication skills, verbal and nonverbal, oral and written, which can be acquired by continuous practice.
- Pedagogy and student-centred approach: A combination of both can make classroom communication effective.
- The teacher is objective and conscientious: Students respect the teacher on the basis of both these qualities, making communication more effective in the classroom. The teacher should also adopt a flexible approach in some matters.
Principles for Message Design
- Clear and Specific Objectives: We use the word SMART to describe it.
|A- Achievable (Executable)|
|T– Time framed|
- Proper Sequence: In this, the principles of teaching described in the first chapter can be mentioned again, such as from easy to complex, from easy to difficult, from concrete to abstract, etc. Already in the first unit.
- Use of Comprehensible Language: The use of more technical language in classroom communication should be done judiciously.
- Right Symbols: Nowadays a lot of standardized symbols are used on social media, such as Facebook and Twitter. Appropriate signs at traffic lights are also an example of this.
- Relevant Practice: These can be given according to the class and mental level of the student.
- Illustrations: This helps in effective classroom communication. Relevant exercises can be used according to the level of difficulty.
Principles for Selection of Instructional Methods and Media
- Select Relevant and Appropriate Methods and Media: While teaching methods and media can be relevant to the objectives and content, they should be appropriate to the level of the learner. The teaching methods are discussed in detail in the first chapter.
- Use of Variety of Methods and Media: These are necessary to maintain the interest of the students in classroom teaching and to avoid monotony.
- Use of Good Quality Media: Before using any media, its quality, visibility, clarity, etc. should be kept in mind.
- Integration of Different Media in Teaching-Learning: Students should not feel that media and teaching are different. For example, if a video film is shown to students, then it is followed by a discussion so that the student can absorb the meaning of its message.
Principles for Creating Conducive Learning Environment
- Limiting the number of students in the class: Regulatory bodies also decide the teacher-student ratio for this.
- Proper Seating Arrangement in the Class: There should be a proper arrangement so that every student sitting in the class can listen to the teacher and the teacher can also engage every student. Under this, proper furniture, lighting, ventilation also have to be taken care of.
- Establishing Rapport and Coordination: The teacher can establish friendly relations with the students.
- Setting up of Feedback Mechanism: By this teaching-learning can be made better.
- Encouraging Innovation: It increases the ability of students to see different aspects of a problem.
- Providing Reinforcement: In this, reinforcement is provided to the learners through praise, rewards and social recognition, etc.
We hope you all have understood the important points related to Communication: Nature and Definition in this part of the 'Mini Series'. For the next Mini-Series, you can drop your suggestions in the comment box.
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