This Articel provides you notes on Concept, Principles and Strategies of Curriculum Development for UGC NET Paper 2 in Education.
Meaning of Curriculum
- The term curriculum has been derived from a Latin word ‘Currere’
- Currere means a ‘race course’ or a runway on which one runs to reach a goal
Curriculum is the instructional and the educative programme by following which the pupils achieve their goals, ideals and aspirations of life.
- It is curriculum through which the general aims of a school education receive concrete expression.
- The traditional curriculum was subject-centered while the modern curriculum is child and life-centered.
- Modern education is the combination of two dynamic processes
- The one is the process of individual development
- The other is the process of socialization i.e. adjustment with the social environment.
Definition of Curriculum:
Various writers in different ways:
Curriculum is a tool in the hands of the artist (teacher) to mould his material (pupils) according to his ideas (aims and objectives) in his studio (school)
Curriculum includes all those activities which are utilized by the school to attain the aims of education
Curriculum is an epitome of the rounded whole of the knowledge and experience of the human race
- Crow and Crow
Curriculum includes all the learners’ experience in or outside school that are included in a programme which has been devised to help him :
- spiritually and
Principle of Curriculum Construction:
- Aims of education and objectivity:
Curriculum should take into consideration the aims and objectives of education.
- Child-centric principle
Curriculum should be framed according to the actual needs, interests and capacities of the child.
- Principles of civic and social needs:
Modern education aims at both developments of the individuality of the child as well as the development of the society.
- Principle of conservation:
Curriculum should serve two-fold functions in this regard- preservation of the past experiences and transmission of experiences.
- Principles of creativeness
Education not only conserves that past experiences of humanity but also helps an individual to develop his innate potentialities.
- Principle of forward-looking:
Education must prepare the child of shouldering future responsibilities.
- Principle of preparation for living:
The children should know the various activities of the environment around them and how these activities are enabling people to meet their basic needs of food, shelter, clothing, recreation, health and education.
- Principle of integration and correlation:
Subjects should be arranged logically and psychologically in accordance with the child’s developing interests.
- Principle of learning ability:
Every item should be learnt. An item should not only be learnable, it should also have utility.
- Principle of individual difference:
The curriculum should be based on the psychology of individual difference, which can meet the complexities of modern democratic society.
- Principle of social relevancy and utility:
Subjects should not be determined on the basis of their disciplinary value but on the basis of their intrinsic value, social relevancy and utility.
- Principle for utilization of leisure:
Variety of subjects such as games and sports, fine arts, subjects of aesthetic value are to be introduced in the school programme to utilizeleisure.
- Principle of variety and flexibility:
The curriculum should include such activities and experiences, which may facilitate his normal development.
- Principle of time:
Relative significance and importance of each subject in the curriculum has to be judged and determined in the light of the time available in the timetable.
Modern trends in curriculum construction:
- Digital Diversity
- Need based Curriculums
- Modular Curriculum with credit base system
- Online coerces
- 21st century skills
21st century skills :
- critical thinking
- effective communication
- stress management,
- empathy are must for all the personals.
- International Understanding
Globalization has made converted the world in to global village and for this international understanding must be inculcate through curriculum.
- Constructivist approach believes that learner should be given freedom to construct his/her knowledge.
- Spoon feeding must be avoided.
Remember : Specific questions related to curriculum studies include the following:
- What should be taught in schools?
- Why should it be taught? To whom should it be taught?
- What does it mean to be an educated person?
Curriculum studies is a field of research and area of knowledge which deals with questions found at the point of intersection between an area of activity or knowledge, and education, teaching, learning and socialization.
Educators should learn to work together with their students, and with other experts in creating content, and are able to tailor it to exactly what they need
- modular curriculum
- credit system
- Information technology
these all are the emerging trends in curriculum development.
I hope you all understood the concept and meaning of Curriculum for UGC NET Exam Paper 2 : Education.
Preparation Tips for upcoming UGC NET EXAM 2021
- Check the full syllabus and examination pattern of UGC NET EXAM thoroughly
- Start preparing for the exam with a time schedule
- Practice with the previous year’s question papers and their solution
- Keep revision of all topics from the topics on a daily basis
- Check your progress with mock tests
- Study carefully and do maintain your health.