Child Development Principle, Study Notes, Material - All Teaching

By Komal|Updated : August 11th, 2021

In this article, we should read related to the Child Development Principle, Factor Influence of heredity and environment Important for the CTET Paper-1 & 2.

 

 

The Principle of Child Development:

 With the help of given child development principles, we can easily identify how children are developing and at which stage they are? And these also help us to predict children’s developmental rates and which order they will follow. Further Study can be done by keeping in mind the individual's similarities as well as individual differences.

1. Principle of cephalo-caudal

  • Development proceeds from head to toe
  • 6 to 12 months infants
  • coordination of arms before leg

2. Principle of proximal-distal

  • Centre to outward
  • The spinal cord develops first than the outer parts of the body.

Note: These both above principles denotes Direction of Development.

3. Principle of simple to Complex

  • Skills related to mental or intellectual abilities and skills related to verbal comprehension are used by the child to solve the problem.
  • for example, if the child must learn to classify the object so kite and airplane may be the same for her because they both fly in the sky.
  • This type of response is associated with the first level of thinking and based on thoughts existing between the two.
  • But in the later stage of learning, they will be able to understand more Complex similarities and differences between these objects.
  • For example, they will try to understand that kites and airplanes do belong to different categories.

4. Principle of continuous process

  • Addition or accumulation or deposition in skills takes place on a continuous basis.
  • Regular-continuous deposition in the skills leads to the accomplishment of the more difficult task.
  • The development of One-stage helps in the development of another stage.
  • for example, in language development child starts from babbling then proceeds further in more accomplishment of the language.

5. Principle of general to specific

  • Infants motor movement are very generalized and Undirected.
  • firstly Gross/large muscles motor movement development takes place then moving forward to more refined smaller/ fine motor muscles movements.

6. Principle of Individual rates of growth and development

  • Everyone is different that's why their rates too.
  • Patterns and Sequences for development are generally the same but rates differ.
  • That's why there should be no such notion as the average child because everyone proceeds according to their rates.
  • so, we can't compare two children on the basis of their intellectual development or one child's progress with another.
  • Along with its rates of development are also not uniform for all children.

How knowledge and understanding of these principles would help you as a teacher??

  • Planning of activities to be done in the classroom and outside.
  • It Will help in producing cognitive effects of experiences for learners.

Factor Influence of heredity and environment

  • Nature versus nurture.
  • Heredity versus environment.
  • Genetic Influences vs Environmental Influences
  • Innate/ Inborn qualities vs Personal/ Acquired experiences.

1. Plato and Socrates: Qualities and traits are inborn and they just occur naturally regardless of environmental influences.

2. J. Locke and Tabula Rasa: He suggested mind starts as blank Slate means all we have been formed throughout all years of our life because of our experiences regardless of genetics influence.

But in reality, there is an interaction between genes and the environment. Nature and Nurture both affect the development of a person. The main thing if we want to understand the complexity of the living organism (here stands for the human being) is to study Genes, Environment and their interaction means the interaction between Genes and Environment.

 

 

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REET, UPTET, CTET, Super TET, DSSSB, KVS etc.

Suggested Read Books:

Serial No.Book NameAuthor Name
1.

CTET and TETs Child Development and Pedagogy Paper 1 and 2 

Arihant Experts

2.

CTET Child Development and Pedagogy for Paper 1 and Paper 2 

By Pearson (Sandeep Kumar)

3.

Educating Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education

 Mangal S.K

 

Thanks!

Sahi Prep hai toh Life Set hai!

byjusexamprep

 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Comments

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Archana Pandey
Plz provide in hindi also plz
Ashish Verma

Ashish VermaJul 20, 2021

useful notes
Sheela Bharti
Please questions hindi me bhi provide kijiye
Vikash Sharma
Hindi kase hogi inki
Temin Sahu

Temin SahuOct 7, 2021


Hindi me chahiye
Shahin Ara

Shahin AraOct 22, 2021

Hindi me chahiye sir
aanu

aanu Oct 31, 2021

Mam give me notes pls
Md Kafil

Md KafilJan 9, 2022

Sir hindi me chaye

FAQs

  • Principle of cephalo-caudal includes:

    • Development proceeds from head to toe
    • 6 to 12 months infants
    • coordination of arms before leg


  • Principle of simple to Complex

    • Skills related to mental or intellectual abilities and skills related to verbal comprehension are used by the child to solve the problem.
    • for example, if the child must learn to classify the object so kite and airplane may be the same for her because they both fly in the sky.
    • This type of response is associated with the first level of thinking and based on thoughts existing between the two.
    • But in the later stage of learning, they will be able to understand more Complex similarities and differences between these objects.
    • For example, they will try to understand that kites and airplanes do belong to different categories.


  • The following Factors Influences heredity and the environment

    • Nature versus nurture.
    • Heredity versus environment.
    • Genetic Influences vs Environmental Influences
    • Innate/ Inborn qualities vs Personal/ Acquired experiences.


  •  The weightage of the CDP Section in CTET Paper 1 & 2 is 30 marks.

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